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Research Article 


Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft

Mazin Rajeh Alzubaidi, Ali Abd-Almer Jwad.

Abstract
Background: Perforation of nasal Septum is a situation characterized by loss of cartilaginous, bony or both structures of the nasal septum with or without the mucoperichondrium and mucoperiosteum lining. The causes of septal perforations are endonasal surgeries, trauma, infections, neoplasms, inflammation, or abuse of inhaled drugs. The main symptoms are epistaxis, crusting, and whistling, but the majority are asymptomatic.
Objective: this study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of inferior turbinate free graft to close nasal septal perforations.
Patients and Methods: This is a prospective study, consisted of 20 patients. They were 14 males and 6 females. They had been assessed at the Otolaryngology Department at Al-Diwaniah Teaching Hospital, Al-Diwaniah city, Iraq, during the period between January 2017 to January 2019, the age ranges from 20-50 years. Inclusion criteria was symptomatic septal perforation, located at the cartilaginous portion. Exclusion criteria were the presence of underlying infectious, inflammatory, or malignant diseases. The surgery began with hemitransfixion incisions. The perichondral flap is usually raised bilaterally, exposing the entire cartilaginous septum, and refreshing the edge by knife. partial inferior turbinectomy then did. The medial fleshy part of the turbinate is resected, then thinning of the flap on a slide. The flap grasped by forceps and applied through the incision so placed between the cartilage and perichondrial flap covering the defect, then the the perichondrial flap replaced back to its position. incisions sutured, silastic sheets applied to cover the whole septum, and merocele nasal Packing inserted for haemostasis. patient discharged and seen again in the next day for removal of Packing and cleaning. The silastic sheets removed after 8 days. The patients seen twice monthly for follow-up.
Results: Complete closure of perforation was obtained in 16 patients (80%). Incomplete closure occurred in 2 patients (10%). Failure of closure (persistent perforation) occurred in 2 patients (10%). Improvement of nasal symptoms achieved in all patients with complete closure, patients with incomplete closure did not show significant problems due to the perforation. patients with persistent perforation had no Improvement in their symptoms.
Conclusion: Inferior turbinate free graft through the endonasal approach, is useful to close small and medium-sized septal perforations with minimal morbidity and short operative time.

Key words: nasal Septal perforation; inferior turbinate free graft; perichondrial flap


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alzubaidi MR, Jwad AA. Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft. doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14


Web Style

Alzubaidi MR, Jwad AA. Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft. http://www.ejmcm.com/?mno=129927 [Access: October 13, 2020]. doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alzubaidi MR, Jwad AA. Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft. doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alzubaidi MR, Jwad AA. Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft. doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14



Harvard Style

Alzubaidi, M. R. & Jwad, . A. A. (2020) Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft. doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14



Turabian Style

Alzubaidi, Mazin Rajeh, and Ali Abd-Almer Jwad. 2020. Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft. doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14



Chicago Style

Alzubaidi, Mazin Rajeh, and Ali Abd-Almer Jwad. "Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft." doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alzubaidi, Mazin Rajeh, and Ali Abd-Almer Jwad. "Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft." doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alzubaidi, M. R. & Jwad, . A. A. (2020) Repair of Nasal Septal Perforation by Using Inferior Turbinate Free Graft. doi:https://doi.org/10.31838/ejmcm.07.01.14








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