Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Elisafitri, Rezki


Analysis of Risk Factors for Tuberculosis in the Lake Coastal Area, Towuti District, East Luwu Regency, Indonesia

Nasra .; Arsunan, A. A .; Yahya Thamrin; Wahiduddin .; Ida Leida Maria; Nurhaedar Jafar; Rezki Elisafitri; Ahmad Yani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 67-73

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is still a global problem. The high incidence of TB is due to the less than optimal TB risk factor interventions. This study aims to analyze the risk factors for TB incidence in the coastal area of the lake, Towuti District, East Luwu Regency.
Methods: This study used a case-control design conducted in the coastal area of the lake, Towuti District, with a sample of 34 cases and 94 controls. Bivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors for the incidence of tuberculosis.
Results: The results showed that the significant risk factors for TB incidence were family history (OR = 13,920; 95% CI: 4,36–51,23), household contacts (OR = 3.04; 95% CI: 1.188–7,809), close contact (OR = 8.382; 95% CI: 2.969–24, 852), home ventilation (OR = 14.357; 95% CI: 1.585–669.82), income (OR = 2.609; 95% CI: 1.033–6.675) . Home ventilation is the most dominant risk factor for TB incidence in the coastal area of the lake in Towuti District.
Conclusion: TB disease control strategies based on risk factors need to be implemented in coastal areas.

Positive Deviance Approach; an Efforts to Reduce the Incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency

Arsunan, A. A.; Masyitha Muis; Jumriani Ansar; Ridwan Amiruddin; Wahiduddin .; Indra Dwinata; Muhammad Akbar Nurdin; Rezki Elisafitri; Andi Dirpan; Aisyah .; Ahmad Yani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 160-167

This study aimed to determine the effect of positive deviance approach on reducing the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency. This studi used mix-method design to identify positive deviance behavior in preventing DHF and intervene by applying the positive deviance to the community in Pangkep Regency. The number of samples for quantitative data was 126 respondents and qualitative data was 12 informants. Data collection was conducted through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and interviews. The research data were analyzed using logistic regression test and McNemar tests. The results showed the most influential factor in DHF incidence was positive deviance. Positive deviance behavior to prevent DHF were used long-sleeved clothing, use oil, and planting medicinal plants in the yard. The results of the intervention showed there was a significant influence of intervention using a positive deviance approach to increasing the planting of medicinal plants in the yard to prevent DHF, and there was a decrease in the incidence rate of DHF in Pangkep Regency. Positive deviance approach could be used as an effort to prevent and control DHF.
This study aimed to determine the effect of positive deviance approach on reducing the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency. This studi used mix-method design to identify positive deviance behavior in preventing DHF and intervene by applying the positive deviance to the community in Pangkep Regency. The number of samples for quantitative data was 126 respondents and qualitative data was 12 informants. Data collection was conducted through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and interviews. The research data were analyzed using logistic regression test and McNemar tests. The results showed the most influential factor in DHF incidence was positive deviance. Positive deviance behavior to prevent DHF were used long-sleeved clothing, use oil, and planting medicinal plants in the yard. The results of the intervention showed there was a significant influence of intervention using a positive deviance approach to increasing the planting of medicinal plants in the yard to prevent DHF, and there was a decrease in the incidence rate of DHF in Pangkep Regency. Positive deviance approach could be used as an effort to prevent and control DHF.

The Influence of Interpersonal Communication Toward Knowledge and Attitude Prevention of Dengue Fever (DHF) in The Work Area of The Meo-Meo Public Health Center in Baubau City

Budi Utama; A. Zulkifli Abdullah; Hasnawati Amqam; Wahiduddin .; Lalu Muhammad Saleh; Rezki Elisafitri; Andi Nilawati Usman; Aisyah .; Ahmad Yani; Arsunan, A.A.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1318-1325

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) risks causing death when the sufferer experiences shock due to bleeding. Until now, there is no specific drug to cure DHF. This study was aimed to determine the effect of interpersonal communication on improving the prevention of Dengue Fever (DHF). The type of research used is Quasi-experiment with nonrandomized pretest-posttest control group design. Samples were taken by simple random sampling of 78 respondents from a population of 1,791 households each of 39 respondents in the intervention group and 39 in the control group. Data collection uses questionnaires and interviews in the working area of the Baubau City Meo-Meo Community Health Center. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon and Man Whitney tests. The results showed the percentage of respondents characteristics in this study the most age groups were 28-38 years 39.74%, female sex 79.48%, married 92.31%, high school education 56.41%. The mean score increased knowledge (13.21 to 17.49), AND attitudes (33.38 to 38.92) about DHF before and after interpersonal communication. The mean score increased knowledge (12.69 to 16.49), and attitudes (33.33 to 37.46) about DHF before and after counseling. While the comparison of the intervention group was significant from the control group with (p <0.05) namely knowledge (p = 0,000), and attitude (p = 0.021) about DHF. Interpersonal communication is more influential than counseling and the need for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of interpersonal communication on an ongoing basis.