Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Abzalova, Shakhnoza


CORRECTING POSTOPERATIVE ANAL INCONTINENCE IN CHILDREN

Bilim Terebaev; Shakhnoza Abzalova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 997-1003

61 patients aged 3 to 14 years were treated with a diagnosis of postoperative anal incontinence (AI). Gel plastic surgery of the anal canal in patients with postoperative AI is the method of choice and is an alternative to reconstructive plastic interventions. During the operation, the creation of an internal nephosphincter from a bypass muscle coupling is advisable to perform with preliminary stomatization of the colon. The final result is largely determined by the quality and timing of rehabilitation measures in the near and remote postoperative period.

CLINICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF THE SYSTEM OF ENDOCRINE IMMUNOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIP IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS IN CHILDREN

Rohatoy Takhirova; Shakhnoza Abzalova; Gulchehra Pirnazarova; Kamola Yakubova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2307-2313

Abstract. Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic inflammatory progressive disease of the
connective tissue with a predominant lesion of small joints of the type of erosive-destructive
polyarthritis of unknown etiology with complex autoimmune pathogenesis, which often
leads to combined pathology of the body and disability of children and adults. The disease
is characterized by a rather early manifestation of high disability (70%). The main causes
of death from the disease are infectious complications and renal failure. Treatment focuses
mainly on pain relief, slowing the progression of the disease and repairing injuries
through surgery. Early detection of the disease using modern means can significantly
reduce the damage that can be done to joints and other tissues. The first cases of
manifestation can be recorded after severe physical exertion, emotional shock, fatigue,
during hormonal adjustment, exposure to adverse factors or infection. With all this, it is
necessary to study the intersystemic relationships of this disease. In this regard, the goal of
our research is to study the relationship of immunological parameters and indicators of the
endocrine system in rheumatoid arthritis in children. We examined 98 children, 58 of
which were girls (59%) and 40 boys (41%) aged 7 to 17 years with the JRA. The duration
of the JRA ranged from 6 months to 7 years. Among the patients examined by us, about
half were children with a disease period of 1-3 years. The articular form of the disease was
observed in 66 children (the maximum activity of the disease was in 19, moderate in 27,
minimal in 20), articular-visceral in 32. The control group consisted of 20 healthy children
of the same age. The results of our studies showed that with rheumatoid arthritis,
depending on the form of the disease in children, there was a high level of TSH and ACTH
and a low content of T3, T4 and cortisol. With prolonged exposure to stress, the excretion
of hormones by the effector glands decreases and the level of pituitary hormones increases
according to the principle of negative feedback. A similar type of endocrine system
functioning has been identified in children with rheumatoid arthritis. There are also
significant changes in the immune status: the content of T-lymphocytes in the blood
decreases and the activity of the B-system of immunity increases. Depending on the severity
and form of the disease, the closeness of correlations was also revealed. Based on this, our
observations of children with articular rheumatoid arthritis over three years showed that
changes in the parameters of the immune and endocrine systems persist. The inclusion of
glucocorticoid hormones in therapy in patients with articular-visceral form of rheumatoid
arthritis showed a positive dynamics of indicators, the state of the immune, as well as the