Author : Divya, Rupawat
PREVALENCE OF MUCOSAL LESIONS IN COMPLETE DENTURE WEARERS AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH AGE AND GENDER: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 131-138
A complete denture with accurately extended borders, an optimal vertical dimension, finely finished and polished with no irregularities and proper hygiene maintenance are prudent to the success of the denture. A lack of these factors causes oral mucosal lesions. Complete denture wearing patients are often associated with the presence of various denture-related oral mucosal lesions. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of denture-related oral mucosal lesions in complete denture patients and its association with age and gender. A retrospective study was done in a university based setting in Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India. Ethical clearance was obtained from SRB Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, India. The data collection was done from the Dental Information Archiving System (DIAS). It is a recording system of all the data related to the medical and dental history of patients and the treatment done in Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India. Data of 86000 patients between june 2019 and march 2020 was reviewed from the patients records and analysed that was documented in Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India. Data of 512 patients with complete denture prosthesis regarding oral mucosal lesions namely epulis fissuratum, angular cheilitis, traumatic ulcers and denture stomatitis was analysed. The data entered was tabulated and analysed for the prevalence of these oral mucosal lesions. Chi square test done to check the association with age and gender. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS Software for Windows, version 20.0. The prevalence of traumatic ulcers was 23%, that of angular cheilitis was 22%, epulis fissuratum was 31% and denture stomatitis was 24% . There was a significant association of these lesions with gender (more predominant in females). More importance should be given to these patients regarding oral hygiene and awareness programs should be carried out for dentists to update their skills.