Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Duraisamy, Revathi


DISTRIBUTION OF AGE AND GENDER FOR FIXED DENTAL PROSTHESIS AMONG PATIENTS IN A UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL SETTING- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

M. Ovia; Revathi Duraisamy; Adimulapu Hima Sandeep

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 194-200

included patient’s details were collected by assessing the report from the data of 86,000 patients between June 2019 and March 2020 .The inclusion criteria were : Patient’s name, age, gender and PID and Patient’s who underwent Fixed Dental Prosthesis.From this we obtained 932 patients who underwent Fixed Dental Prosthesis.Data was tabulated in Excel and imported to SPSS.The type of statistical analysis used in this study was Correlation and Association. From this, we observed people of age range 31-40years received FPD at a higher rate (34.05%) and people of 20-30 years (26.96%),
>50years (20.62%), 41-50yrs (18.37%) which was lesser comparatively.Males received FPD at a higher rate (53.60%) than females (46.19%) and transgenders (0.21%).The association between the gender and age of patients who received FPD was done by Chi square test (Chi-square value - 46.955a; P-value : 0.000). Since, P(<0.05) there was a higher significance between the age and gender of patients who received FPD.The prevalence rate of Fixed Dental Prosthesis was found to be 1% since out of 86,000 patients visited dental college 932 patients had Fixed Dental Prosthesis. This study shows that as age increases people show less preference for prosthetic restoration to replace missing teeth no matter what the reason, maybe. Steps should be taken to educate every possible patient about the importance of replacement of missing teeth since it can affect general health and can also cause damage to the adjacent tooth.

ASSOCIATION OF PATIENT’S EDUCATIONAL STATUS AND SUCCESS RATE OF COMPLETE DENTURES AMONG FEMALES

Ilankizhai RJ; Revathi Duraisamy; Madhu laxmi M

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1895-1906

Complete denture helps in replacement of missing dentures. The success and satisfaction of the complete denture is based on numerous factors like speech, fit, aesthetics, psychological factors and also educational status of the patient.The aim of the study was to determine association of patients educational status and the success rate of complete dentures delivered in Saveetha dental college among females.A retrospective study was done using the 86,000 case records of patients visiting University hospital from June 2019 - December 2019. Out of the total data 60 case sheets of female patients who have received complete denture were retrieved and analysed. The patients were then called by phone and asked to fill the questionnaire. Outcomes from the survey were correlated with the educational status of the patients using pearson's chi square test.Out of the 60 patients, 56% of the patients were satisfied with the fit of the denture, 61% satisfied with the facial appearance and 90% were satisfied with the size and shape of teeth and gums and 49% were not satisfied with chewing capabilities. Patients who were more educated were very particular about aesthetics and mostly not satisfied. However generally satisfaction increased with literacy rates and educated patients were more satisfied with the speech factor.Patients who were educated had better satisfaction with speech with their dentures as compared to uneducated patients.Patients who were educated were found to be less satisfied with the aesthetics of the denture than uneducated patients.

COMPARISON OF BONE LEVELS BETWEEN DENTATE AND EDENTATE REGIONS IN MANDIBLE - A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Sanjana Devi; Revathi Duraisamy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1916-1925

The human body is constantly changing. Scientific evidence shows that alveolar bone undergoes changes after extraction. These changes continue as time of edentulousness progresses. These changes continue occurring even after prosthesis is inserted.Different methods for the assessment of alveolar bone height have been commonly used in practice out of which the panoramic radiograph is excellent for visualization of general structures of the face. The aim of this study is to compare the bone levels in dentate and edentate areas of the mandible with orthopantogram. A retrospective study done in the Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College. Data was collected from a total of 86000 patients who visited Saveetha dental college between Jun,2019 to March,2020. Out of this, OPG of 40 patients in the age group of 35-50 years and who fell in Kennedy's Class 1 classification of mandible were retrieved for the study. The OPG was analysed in ImageJ software. The bone height was measured from the inferior border of the mandible and the crest of the ridge in edentulous areas; the inferior border of the mandible and the alveolar crest in the dentulous areas. The height was obtained in pixels from the software which was later converted into distance in millimeter (mm). The data obtained was tabulated in SPSS for windows, version 20. Paired t-test was done to determine difference in the bone levels of dentate and edentate regions.The paired samples t-test revealed statistically significant difference between dentate and edentate regions in both males (P=0.000) and females (P=0.000). The correlation between dentate and edentate regions for males and females was also statistically significant with P=0.011 and P=0.000 respectively. Pearson correlation was done between gender and difference in bone levels in dentate and edentate regions was not statistically significant with P=0.342. However, Pearson correlation was done between age and difference in bone levels in dentate and edentate regions was statistically significant with P=0.031. The present study was conducted to understand the correlation between bone levels in the dentate and edentate areas of patients with Kennedy's class 1 mandible. Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that there is significant difference in the bone levels of dentate and edentate areas in both male and female patients.

ASSESSMENT OF FMR PATIENTS BASED ON TURNER AND MISSIRLIAN CLASSIFICATION- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Amit Kumar Singh; Revathi Duraisamy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1907-1915

The objective of full mouth rehabilitation is not only the reconstruction and restoration but also to maintain the health of the entire stomatognathic system. Full mouth Rehabilitation can be defined as the reestablished state of functional and as well as biological efficiency where teeth with their periodontal structure, the muscle of mastication and the TMJ mechanism all function together and in synchronous harmony. Tooth material loss (wear) occurs as a natural process during the lifetime. In some cases tooth wear is severe and there will be a decrease in the vertical dimension. Hence it is mandatory to evaluate the vertical dimension before further treatment planning. So this present study aims to assess the patients requiring Full mouth Rehabilitation based on Turner and Missilarian classification. patient records were analyzed with the data of 86000 patients between June 2019 and March 2020 from this a sample size of 65 patients were selected for the study. Data tabulated with parameters such as age, name, gender, classification of Turner, and Missilarian classification and their categories. Data import to SPSS for statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics having a frequency, percentage, and chi square test done for association.Male is found to be slightly more prevalent than females. The most common age group affected were above 50 years of age group with categories-2 was more frequently seen. Chi-square test showed no Statistical significance between age/gender with the diagnosis of Turner and Missilarian categories since p value>0.005. Turner and Missilarian classification category 2 was found to be more in males above 50 years of age group. This study needs further extensive research with a large sample size in the future.