Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Jeevitha, M.


EVALUATION OF PRIMARY TEETH WITH CARIES REQUIRING PULPECTOMY AND EXTRACTION IN CHILDREN BETWEEN 5-7 YEARS OLD VISITING A UNIVERSITY DENTAL HOSPITAL

Anupama Deepak; EMG Subramaniam; Ganesh Jeevanandan; M. Jeevitha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1302-1312

Dental caries in the form of early childhood caries is more prevalent in children. Severe form of caries extending throughout the coronal structure in the root can result in tooth pain. These kinds of teeth with caries extending to the pulp may require pulpectomy or extraction. Pulpectomy is a restorative treatment done in primary teeth which is used to extirpate the coronal and radicular pulp and seal the entire root canal using an obturating material. The obturating material is of different types. The commonly used material is the Metapex, which helps in the natural resorption of the roots, exfoliation and does not irritate the periapical region. Extraction in children can be due to trauma or grossly decayed teeth in children due to caries extending subgingivally or presence root stumps. Children presenting with class 2 caries have been exposed to caries involving the pulp. Early childhood caries is one of the most infectious diseases of childhood having a chronic progression rate resulting in the destruction of tooth structure. They are of different types and patterns being rampant caries, nursing bottle caries. This is generally associated with unusual dietary patterns and improper feeding patterns in children with prolonged use of baby bottles for milk feeding. Caries in children are mainly caused by the bacteria Streptococcus mutans. The aim of this study is to evaluate the primary teeth with caries requiring pulpectomy and extraction in children between 5-7 years old. A retrospective study was carried out using digital records of 903 subjects. These data were collected from DIAS and coded in MS Excel sheets. The collected data was analysed by computer software SPSS version 21 using Chi square test and graphical illustration was done. From the above study, it was found that extraction and pulpectomy was common in males, with prevalence of extraction in the maxillary arch among children of 7 years and pulpectomy in children of 5 years , and seen in the mandibular posterior region.

PREVALENCE OF ERRORS IN TOOTH PREPARATION IN PATIENTS VISITING A UNIVERSITY DENTAL HOSPITAL- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Anupama Deepak; Dhanraj Ganapathy; M. Jeevitha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1269-1280

Tooth preparation is a procedure done for replacements of missing teeth, where it not only reduces the tooth structure but also preserves the biological value of the tooth. These are carried out for Fixed Partial Dentures and Full Mouth Rehabilitation. Fixed partial dentures are commonly done in cases of single missing tooth as it mainly depends upon the span length and the abutment health. The abutment teeth play a main role in partial dentures where replacements depend upon the abutment health. The aim of this cross sectional study was to determine the prevalence of errors in tooth preparation. The sample size of this study was 200 subjects. This study is conducted in a university setting, Chennai. Data was collected from a digital case sheet record of 200 subjects and coding was done in MS Excel sheets and statistically analysed using IBM SPSS Version 20.0. Chi square tests were used to analyse the data statistically. These data were then graphically represented. In this study, prevalence of various errors in tooth preparation were noticed, among which over reduction (67.5%), under reduction (93%) and gingival damage (75%) were more prevalent among other errors in tooth preparation. Damage is mostly seen on the posterior regions especially in the mandibular distal aspects. To prevent these errors, low speed handpieces and proper equipment with utmost care should be provided. Therefore in conclusion, tooth preparation can lead to various errors and care has to be taken while doing tooth preparation.

KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF MENSTRUAL HYGIENE AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN CHENNAI POPULATION

Ashinie. C; M. Jeevitha; Mrs.S. Sangeetha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 869-882

Adolescence is an important period of transition from girlhood to womanhood. Menstruation is the physiological process that indicates the onset of puberty. The practice of menstrual hygiene also depends on socioeconomic, cultural and religious differences. Menstrual hygiene plays an important role in the overall health of women. The aim of the study is to analyse the knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in the Chennai population. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 102 girls of Chennai population to analyse their knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene through an online survey. A self administered questionnaire was prepared with 10 closed ended questions and circulated among the parents through online survey forms “Google forms”. The responses were collected and statistically analysed by SPSS using chi square test. The results were represented by bar charts and frequency tables.Among the 102 participants 98.8% of them are aware of menstrual hygiene 96.1% of the girls use sanitary pads as the absorbent, and about 99% of them dispose of their used absorbents in dustbins. 94.1% have knowledge on the effect of not following good menstrual hygiene. The study concludes that the girls of Chennai population have adequate knowledge and good practice of menstrual hygiene

PREVALENCE OF TYPES OF SECONDARY IMPRESSION TECHNIQUES USED BY DENTISTS IN COMPLETE DENTURE PATIENTS- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Anupama Deepak; Dhanraj Ganapathy; M. Jeevitha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1254-1262

Impression making is an important part of replacement of the teeth. In complete dentures, secondary impression techniques play a major role in the fabrication of the prosthesis, as they help in recording accurate borders and extension on the impression. Recording the secondary impression plays a major role in the retention, resistance and support. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of types of secondary impression techniques used by dentists in complete denture patients. This was a cross sectional study containing sample size of 200. This study was conducted in a university setting. Data was collected from a digital case sheet record and categorised into mucocompressive, mucostatic and selective pressure techniques. Data was then entered in MS Excel Sheets and statistically analysed using IBM SPSS Version
20.0 and graphically represented. Selective pressure impression techniques (42.3%) was the most prevalent type used among dentists. Impression techniques play a major role in the fabrication of denture for its retention, resistance and support.