Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Balasubramaniam, Arthi


ASSOCIATION BETWEEN GENDER AND DENTAL EROSION IN SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION

Nor Syakirah binti Shahroom; Arthi Balasubramaniam; Iffat Nasim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1081-1090

Dental erosion is a public health problem as it may affect various age groups and gender. It may lead to dentin hypersensitivity and eventually pulpal exposure if the erosion is severe and not treated which causes pain. Therefore, the study was done to find the association of gender with dental erosion. A retrospective study was conducted using University hospital patient records from July 2019 - March 2020. A total of 149 case sheets were reviewed. The data variables such as socio-demographic data, presence of dental erosion and number of teeth involved with dental erosion were retrieved and analyzed. Results were present with frequency distribution and chi-square test for association. Dental erosion was prevalent in males (64.4%) than females (35.6%). The age range of the patients included in the study was 21-80 years old out of which 21-40 years (14.8%), 41-60 years (57%) and 61-80 years (28.2%). Erosion in maxillary teeth involving 0-5 (85.8%) was the highest followed by 6-10 (14.1%) and erosion in mandibular teeth involving 0-5 (87.9%) was the highest followed by 6-10 (11.4%) and 11-15 (0.7%). There was no statistically significant association between gender, age with dental erosion in maxillary and mandibular teeth (p>0.05). Within the limitations of the study, it can be concluded that dental erosion was prevalent in males of early 60’s and there was no association between gender, age with dental erosion in maxillary and mandibular teeth.

PRESENCE OF ORAL LESION AS A FACTOR TOWARDS EFFECTIVENESS OF ANTI- TOBACCO COUNSELLING AND QUIT RATES IN OUT PATIENTS OF PRIVATE DENTAL COLLEGE- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY.

Indumathy. M .; Sri sakthi; Arthi Balasubramaniam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2068-2077

Tobacco use is one of the most important risk factors for the development of oral mucosal lesions including oral pre-cancer and cancer. The type and location of the lesion varies with the type of tobacco used, the way it is used, and the frequency and duration of use. Hence our study is aimed to determine the effectiveness of anti-tobacco counselling and the presence of oral lesions in patients and their willingness to quit the habit. A retrospective analysis was conducted among 398 participants, of which all were smokers, 320 patients diagnosed with oral mucosal lesions, 78 patients without any lesions. The study protocol included data collection with digital software entry. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 22 and a chi-square test was employed, with a p value < 0.05 considered to be statistically significant. The lesion was most common among the age of 31-40years (33.33%), followed by 41-50years (26.92%), 18-30years (20.5%), 51-60years (12.8%) and >60% (6.4%). The review was high among the patients with oral lesion (57.6%), anyways patient with lesion and did not turn up for review is 42.3%. The study population diagnosed with oral mucosal lesion and who had come for review visits had the highest willingness for quit rate (62.7%), than with patients only came for intervention visit (37.2%).

ROLE OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND LITERACY LEVELS TOWARDS USAGE OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND ITS DEPENDENCY- A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS

S. Sushanthi; Sri Sakthi; Arthi Balasubramaniam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2033-2040

Socioeconomic status (SES) and literacy level is a major determinant of tobacco use but little is known whether SES affects nicotine dependency or not. Socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly related to smoking behaviour. The association is so strong that smoking is regarded as a marker for deprivation and one can identify disadvantaged groups by simply observing their smoking prevalence. The main objective is to examine the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on nicotine dependence. A retrospective study was conducted using case records of patients attending private dental college from July 2019- March 2020 . A total of 201 case sheets of patients who had the habit of tobacco use with recorded nicotine dependence score and their income and educational status were retrieved. The study included two measures of SES - education and income using the Modified Kuppuswamy scale(revised version february 2019). Nicotine dependencies are assessed using Fagerstrom nicotine dependence scale. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test was used to analyze the data. More prevalence of literate participants(78.6%) and middle income smokers(<25000) (43.78%) are more prevalent among the study population . No statistically significant association was found between education and nicotine dependence scale(p = 0.750); income and nicotine dependence ( p=0.432) . Chi-square tests were used for association and descriptive statistics were used. Nicotine dependency shows insignificant variations across different indicators of SES- income and education among patients attending private dental college in Chennai.