Author : ArpitaMitra, Dr. M.
Use of Technology and Police Monitoring in Crime Prevention:A Study of Property Related CrimesagainstSenior Citizens in Eastern India (2014-2018)
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3797-3808
With the evolution of modern criminology, digital technology has undoubtedly emerged as a
prime tool in the process of prevention/detection of crimes, conviction and reformation.
Beginning from Bentham’s project of the Panopticonwhich deliberates on the design of a
prison and Michel Foucault’s ensuingstudy of discipline and the Panopticon as a symbolof
institutions and society, modern surveillance technologies like CCTV have today assumed a
crucial role in the study of criminology. The present paper seeks to analyze property crime
statistics between 2014-2018 from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) Crime in India,
for the Eastern India states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal
Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland and Meghalaya and the need for
involvement of technology and other measure in crime prevention. The findings tend to
indicate that although the crime rates in the Eastern India Sates if less than the rest of India,
effective remedial measures in form of greater use of technology and proper police
monitoring is required to avert and solve crimes.