Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Amiruddin, Ridwan


Positive Deviance Approach; an Efforts to Reduce the Incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency

Arsunan, A. A.; Masyitha Muis; Jumriani Ansar; Ridwan Amiruddin; Wahiduddin .; Indra Dwinata; Muhammad Akbar Nurdin; Rezki Elisafitri; Andi Dirpan; Aisyah .; Ahmad Yani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 160-167

This study aimed to determine the effect of positive deviance approach on reducing the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency. This studi used mix-method design to identify positive deviance behavior in preventing DHF and intervene by applying the positive deviance to the community in Pangkep Regency. The number of samples for quantitative data was 126 respondents and qualitative data was 12 informants. Data collection was conducted through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and interviews. The research data were analyzed using logistic regression test and McNemar tests. The results showed the most influential factor in DHF incidence was positive deviance. Positive deviance behavior to prevent DHF were used long-sleeved clothing, use oil, and planting medicinal plants in the yard. The results of the intervention showed there was a significant influence of intervention using a positive deviance approach to increasing the planting of medicinal plants in the yard to prevent DHF, and there was a decrease in the incidence rate of DHF in Pangkep Regency. Positive deviance approach could be used as an effort to prevent and control DHF.
This study aimed to determine the effect of positive deviance approach on reducing the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency. This studi used mix-method design to identify positive deviance behavior in preventing DHF and intervene by applying the positive deviance to the community in Pangkep Regency. The number of samples for quantitative data was 126 respondents and qualitative data was 12 informants. Data collection was conducted through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and interviews. The research data were analyzed using logistic regression test and McNemar tests. The results showed the most influential factor in DHF incidence was positive deviance. Positive deviance behavior to prevent DHF were used long-sleeved clothing, use oil, and planting medicinal plants in the yard. The results of the intervention showed there was a significant influence of intervention using a positive deviance approach to increasing the planting of medicinal plants in the yard to prevent DHF, and there was a decrease in the incidence rate of DHF in Pangkep Regency. Positive deviance approach could be used as an effort to prevent and control DHF.

Strengthening The Community-Based Surveillance (CBS) Through Interpersonal Communication And Development Modul In Barru Regency

Siti Rahmah; Andi Zulkifli; Stang .; Ridwan Amiruddin; Ansariadi .; Erniwati Ibrahim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6833-6842

Community-based surveillance (CBS) is a development program of integrated surveillance. Unfortunately, the CBS program's implementation has not been optimal. Most of the CBS cadres do not carry out their duties properly. This study aims to improve the skills of CBS cadres through interpersonal communication and module development. This study was a quasi-experimental research with a non-randomized pre-test post-test control group design. This study's population was 48 cadres of CBS who were not active in several sub-districts. Those were mainly in Tanete Riaja Sub-district, Barru Sub-district, Balusu Sub-district, and Mallusetasi Sub-district. The intervention sample was 20 people in the Tanete Riaja Sub-district. The control sample was 20 people scattered in the Barru Sub-district, Balusu Sub-district, and Mallusetasi Sub-district obtained by purposive sampling. Data analysis used a paired T-test, Wilcoxon test, unpaired T-test, Mann Whitney test, and chi-square test. The results showed differences in knowledge (0.000) and attitudes (0.000) before and after the interpersonal communication intervention and module development. There was a difference in attitude (0.000) between the intervention group and the control group. No difference was found in knowledge between the intervention group and the control group. The study concluded an increase in Community Based Surveillance (CBS) cadres' knowledge and attitudes after conducting interpersonal communication and module development. It is suggested that the next study should conduct interpersonal communication training for health workers and CBS cadres.