Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Alsuwaydani, Ziyad Ahmad

COVID-19: Fear and anxiety among healthcare students in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study

Sameer Shaikh; Syed Fareed Mohsin; Muhammad Atif Saleem Agwan; Saqib Ali; Ziyad Ahmad Alsuwaydani; Saleh Ahmad AlSuwaydani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1638-1647

Coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) is a newly discovered respiratory syndrome which has adversely affected millions of people around the world. The study aims to estimate the psychological impacts of COVID-19 in the form of fear and anxiety among the healthcare students of the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst health care students in Saudi Arabia. A non-probability convenience samplingapproach was adopted to collect data by mean of an online questionnaire on social media. The sample size was determined by using Epi info software; the minimum sample required for this study was 567. Likert scale with five points was used to measure healthcare students' fear and anxiety level. Data were analysed using SPSS version 23. The descriptive data were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Spearman correlation was used to determine the strength of the relationship between variables. Amongst 571 health care students, 359 were males, and 212 were females. Data revealed that 84 (15%) of students had a severe level of anxiety, 438 (77%) had a moderate level of anxiety and 49 (9%) of the students had mild level of anxiety. Correlation coefficient was found insignificant between gender, academic year and institute (=0.066, p=0.116), (=0.018, p=0.661) and (=0.034, p=0.423) respectively. The COVID-19 pandemic has a negative impact on higher education because of the long-lasting pandemic situation. Our study's results illustrate the critical need to implement approaches and prevention measures to address healthcare students' mental health.

Evaluation of Efficacy of Green Tea Neem Extract, Frezyderm and Rexidine Mouthwash on Plaque Induced Gingivitis

Dr Vardharajula Venkata Ramaiah; Dr Sabahat Ullah Tareen; Dr Arshad Jamal , Sayed; Dr Mohammed Mutni Al- Mutairi; Ziyad Ahmad Alsuwaydani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 5459-5471

Background: Herbal mouthwashes carry a wide array of advantages such as antimicrobial properties, antioxidant properties and more. They are affordable and have minimal or no side effects. They are more efficient than commercially available mouthwashes in the market.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare and to analyze the antimicrobial efficacy of green tea mouthwash, neem mouthwash, homeopathic (Frezyderm) mouthwash, rexidine mouthwash on dental plaque.
Materials and Methods: This is a double-blinded, random controlled research study conducted in the Department of Periodontics. A total of 200 patients were selected randomly, comprising of four groups (Group-I:green tea, group-II-:neem sticks, Group-III: homeopathic (Frezyderm) mouthwash and group-IV: rexidine mouthwash) with gingival index score II. Saliva samples were collected on at baseline and on day 10 and 20 and microbial colony count was done. The data obtained was statistically analyzed using SPSS version 26 with ANOVA test.
Results: Microbial colonies were reduced better in Group IV on the day 10, whereas on day 20, greater reduction was observed in Group II with the difference was statistically significant.
Conclusion: Neem mouthwash formulation had better effects as compared to other three mouthwashes and it could overcome the disadvantages of other mouthwashes as well.