Author : Amalia, Rizki
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2236-2242
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a great concern in the global health sector. This isdueto the large number of people infected within a wide area. The possibility of transmission from one person to anotherraises the need for isolation or restrictions in terms of physical and social interactions within the community. This study aims to determine the extent of community compliance in conducting Physical Distancing.
The research design was observational analytic, using cross sectional method,and was performed with 753 respondents. In addition, data was collected using internet-based questionnaire in the first Government Emergency Response period from March 23 to April 11, 2020. The information obtained includes demographics, physical social compliance variables and risk level. Therefore, qualitativeanalysis was performed to evaluate the frequency distribution, while the relationship between risk categories with Covid 19 cases was determined using chi square.
The results showed the majority of respondents performedoutdoor activities (60.4%), althoughwith good health protocol awareness. Also, mostparticipants wear masks (75.6%), conductgoodhand washing habit (86.6%), always use hand sanitizers (76.5) and maintain a distance from others (87%). Furthermore, the risk categories of respondents were low (95.2%),hence a relationship is established between Covid 19 cases and risk categories.This is reflectedin physical and social distancing compliance (p <0.00001),classified in the moderate category,with an odd ratio value of 9.42 (CI: 4.45-19.97).
In conclusion, moderate physical and social distancing compliance poses a greater risk for covid19 cases, thus the need to increase discipline with Large Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) implementation.