Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Abd Razak, Ahmad Najib

Effects of Small-Sided Game on Offensive Effectiveness Using Tactical Periodization in Youth Football Player

Ahmad Najib Abd Razak; Zulakbal Abd Karim; Ahmad Hashim; Kumaran Gengatharan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 5954-5963

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of small-sided games on offensive effectiveness using tactical periodization in youth football training. A pre and post control group design with two-group used with a sample of 64 football players from Kuala Lumpur. They were divided into an experimental group (n = 32) and a control group (n = 32). Over six weeks, the experimental group was given a small-sided game training using tactical periodization intervention. In contrast, the control group was given a traditional training program specific to football intervention. The sample performs offensive actions in 4 vs 4 SSGs. All participants played four minutes in both situations, and the field size was 30 m x 40 m. The system of Tactical Assessment in Football (FUT-SAT) used for data collection and analyses. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to investigate the effects of small-sided games on offensive effectiveness using tactical periodization by controlling for covariates (pre-offensive scores). Data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows®, version 20.0. Results indicated that there was a significant effect of intervention on the offensive aspect between experimental group and control group after intervention, F (1, 61) = 451.103, MSE = .958, p = .000, partial n2 = 88 by controlling for covariate effect (pre-offensive score). These findings can help coach in better selecting the type of SSG drills according to the purpose of the training session, concerning players' tactical development. Future research should consider different youth levels to ascertain whether such behaviour are similar in players of different ages and sports level.

Relationship between Self-Discipline, Coaches behaviors and Teammates Factors on Aggressiveness of Youth Football Team in Kedah and Perlis

Zulakbal Abd Karim; Mohd Afiq Aizat Abdul Rashid; Ahmad Najib Abd Razak; Alex Aldha Yudi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 5913-5919

The key idea of this study is to investigate the relationship between self-discipline, coach’s behaviors and teammate’s factors and aggressiveness of youth football team players. This research is a quantitative study using an experimental case study (one-shot case study) method. A total of 30 youth football players from Perlis and Kedah under 18 football team were recruited using purposive sampling, were involved in this study. Researchers used a questionnaire which consists five scale Likert point and data were analyzed using a Pearson’s correlation coefficient (r) statistical analysis to identify the correlation between self-disciplines, coaches behaviors and teammates factors towards aggressiveness of these youth football team players by using SPSS version 20. The statistic has shown that youth football team player’s self-discipline and coaches behaviors are not the main causes of aggressiveness. Yet teammates, in Perlis and Kedah youth football team, is a leading cause or the main contributing factors of aggressiveness among footballers under the age of 18. Further work is necessary on these issues of aggressiveness.

Importance of Using Flipped Classroom to Teach Health Education during Movement Control Order (MCO) in Malaysia

Kumaran Gengatharan; Azali Bin Rahmat; Ahmad Najib Abd Razak

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 5964-5971

Flipped Classroom is an instructional technique and a form of blended learning that reverses the conventional learning experience by providing online and outside the classroom educational content.. It consists of engaging activities, such as homework and discussions. In a flipped classroom, students watch online teaching and then collaborate with the teacher in online discussion (Sadiya & M. Farooque, 2020). Flipped mastery classrooms apply a mastery learning model that requires each student to master a topic before moving to the next one (Ramakrishnan et al., 2016). This study was conducted to find out the importance of using the Flipped Classroom to teach Health Education during movement control order (MCO) in Malaysia for Year Six students. This research will also show the teacher’s effectiveness in teaching Health Education subject during this pandemic. Few videos based on Health Education syllabus were made by the researcher and uploaded in Google Drive, and the link was shared to the students. This research was conducted for the past three weeks since the movement control order been implemented by the Malaysian government. The videos were made using video Power Director 17 software. Survey method (questionnaire) was used in this research. It was used to gain data regarding students’ encouragement, interest, motivation, interaction, involvement to learn Health Education from the usage of the Flipped Classroom method. Findings of this research show that there is an increase in students’ encouragement, interest, motivation, interaction, involvement after flipped classroom was conducted