Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Ali, Mazlan Bin

Policy Approach To The Causes And Effects Of Internally Displaced Persons And Migration Crises In Juba

Okafor Christian Izuchukwu; Mazlan Bin Ali; Pitya Peter Marino Modi; James Arike Charles Duku; Yakubu Aminu Dodo

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2938-2955

This paper examines the situation of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), the causes of displacements and the trends of migration in Juba. The specific factors that create displacements and migrations are identified by some expert respondents and the analysis of the trend over some time of the independent era to date was done. Two locations of Hai-Zandiya and Gureii in Juba were selected for the study. Up to twelve (12) policy actors within the United Nations agencies, funds, and programmes; International and National Non-Governmental Organizations were randomly selected and interviewed with a total of ninety-eight (98) respondents. Data was collected using well-structured questionnaires and Key Informant Interview (KII), using the Delphi techniques through the aid of Google docs for two rounds of questionnaire administration and interview sessions with key informants. The findings identified a series of factors that triggers migration, categorized as Man-made and natural (Economic, political, social and environmental factors. The study, therefore, recommends the need to encourage inclusive arrangements in coordination, policy formulations, humanitarian and development nexus to support the reconstruction as well as efforts to minimize the perennial displacements and migratory trends. The trend was shown according to major classification, specific factors, the causes and finally the resultant effects. Policy recommendations were preferred to best manage the crises by the actors within the government and the local and international partners