Author : Arunprabu, C. S.
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 2775-2781
Margaret Atwood in her seminal work titled Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literatureprposes Four Basic Victim Positions to analyse the mental attitude of the Canadian writings regarding their unique thematic choice. These positions are conceptual models that group works of art dealing with the story of victims. She says, “I here propose to regard novels and poems as though they were expressions of Positions…” (Surv 37). The Position One is the Denial of Victimhood. This position is taken by the individuals who are afraid to recognize themselves as victims for the fear of losing privileges they possess. Position Two is the Passive Acceptance of Victimhood, where the individuals acknowledge the fact that they are victims but they try to explain their victimization with the fake excuses such as fate, or biology, or economics, or any other vast sources like tradition or culture. Position Three is the Repudiation of the victim role. In this position characters recognize that they are victims but they refuse to accept the assumption that their role is inevitable.The Fourth Position is for ex-victims or non-victims. Atwood says that people who are able to reach this position enjoy ultimate freedom from all the constrains. Creative activities of all kinds are possible since the internal and external causes of victimization is totally removed in this stage