Author : Albina A. Akhmadullina, Dian Arif Wahyudi, Nieke Monika Kulsum, Mahyudin Ritonga, Irina A. Akhmadullina,
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 1932-1940
The current development of the health sector in Indonesia is not optimal. For example, hospital service quality standards are still not well organized, the number of doctors especially specialist doctors is still small, the distribution and income of doctors is not equal and some doctors have low income, and the performance indicators of health service institutions have not been used significantly. This section aims to discuss the development of components of the health sector in Indonesia so the analysis can be carried out properly. This discussion is needed to understand the constraints that exist in the growth of the health service sector in Indonesia. In discussing the development of the health sector, various key actors in health services need to be identified, namely the government, the community, and third parties who are sources of funding, such as PT Askes Indonesia, the Community Health Care (JPKM); service providers, including the pharmaceutical industry and educational places for health workers; and overseas lenders (World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund), as well as international grant-giving agencies such as World Health Organization (WHO), German Technical Cooperation Agencies (GTZ), United States Agency for International Development (USAID).