Author : Arumugam, Dr. Sanchana
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3644-3654
Introduction and background: World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breast feeding for at least 6 months and thereafter until the child is 2 years of age. The success of introduction and sustenance of any health initiative depends upon the knowledge and attitudes towards those health practices. This study was undertaken to assess the baseline knowledge, attitudes and anticipated practices of MBBS students and help in framing policies towards inclusion of breast-feeding training in regular curriculum.
Methodology: A cross sectional survey was carried on at a private medical college on 137 medicos comprising of Final year MBBS and Interns. Using Google Forms, a survey questionnaire was prepared, comprising of 37 items assessing the knowledge, attitude and anticipatory practices towards breastfeeding and infant nutrition.
Results: The mean overall score of Final MBBS participants was 64.5% and that of Interns were 71.2% (P value = 0.002). In all 3 domains the Interns scored higher than Final MBBS participants and the differences were statistically significant. There were positive correlations between knowledge and attitude (r= 0.36, P value < 0.001), knowledge and practices (r= 0.53, P value < 0.001) and attitude and practices (r = 0.44, P value < 0.001).
Conclusion: This study highlights the knowledge, attitude and practice level of students among Final MBBS and Interns at our institute. The overall knowledge level was average. As tomorrows practitioners and policy makers it is mandatory to shape this group of young doctors in order to ensure that future of our nation that is current generation of childrenare in safe hands.