Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Abdelshafy, Sahbaa Mohamed Abdelshafy, Samia Ali Ibrahim, Ahmed Said

Efficacy of Intradermal Injection of 5-Flurouracil in the Treatment of Vitiligo

Sahbaa Mohamed Abdelshafy, Samia Ali Ibrahim, Ahmed Said Abdelshafy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3286-3294

Background: Vitiligo is a chronic skin disorder characterized by patchy loss of skin
color and affects approximately 0.5% to 2% of the world’s population. 5-Flurouracil
(5‐FU) was tried in treatment of vitiligo in combination with NB-UVB, but was
preceded by either dermabrasion or laser ablation of the vitiligo area to ensure more
penetration of 5-FU into the skin. The intralesional 5‐FU solution injection is an
effective treatment of localized vitiligo and its effects were maintained for 6
months.The aim of the work was to assess the efficacy and safety of intradermal
injection of 5-Flurouracil in the treatment of vitiligo.Patients and methods: A total
number of 14vitiligopatients were included in the study. They were collected from Outpatient
clinic of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology department, Faculty of
Medicine, Zagazig University. All the patients were subjected to complete history
taking, complete general examination and clinical examination of vitiligo area. Then,
intradermal injectionof 5-Flurouracil every 2 weeks for 3 months was done. Any
complications were recorded andpatients were photographed before and after
treatment to assess the clinical repigmentations.Results:Efficacy of the treatment was
78.6% but the efficacy of treatment of acral type was the lowest among vitiligo
cases.Conclusion:Intradermal injection of 5FU is safe and effective inthe treatment of