Author : Agarwal, Archana Kumari, Ritika
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1353-1357
Background:TMD are musculoskeletal disorders characterized by tenderness, pain,
limitations in mandible movements, headache, and clicking within the joint. The present
study was conducted to assess awareness level of dentists about role of physiotherapy in
diagnosis of TMJ disorders.
Materials & Methods:560 dentists of both genders were enrolled. A questionnaire related
to thegeneral knowledge, role of physiotherapy in management of TMDs was recorded.
Results: There were 380 males and 200 females. Year of experience was 0-5 years in 115,
5-10 years in 145, 10-20 years in 120 and >20 years in 180 dentists. There were 150
General dentist, 130 endodontist, 70 prosthodontists, 8-0 periodontist and 40 oral surgeons.
The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Treatment methods for TMDs was splint/occlusal
guard in 56%, braces in 24%, medication in 15% and other in 5%. Dentists’ referral to
other professionals was physiotherapist in 50%, oral medicine in 23%, psychologist in
10%, orthodontist in 7%, speech therapist in 8% and other in 2%. Causes of referral to PT
was masticatory muscle tenderness in 40%, neck postural alteration in 30%, headache in
20% and neck pain in 10%. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Most of the dentists has limited knowledge about role of physiotherapy in
diagnosis of TMJ disorders