Author : Basa, Hemanth Gudur, Shanker Dharmaraj
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 495-499
Introduction: Benign breast condition refers to a lump, cyst, or nipple discharge (fluid) of the female or male breast that is not cancerous. Benign breast conditions are generally caused by a number of factors. Those factors include the makeup of breasts (fatty tissue vs. dense or thick tissue), age, hormone problems.
Methods and Materials: This is a prospective study and observation study conducted in the Department of General Surgery at Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences over a period of 1 year.All patients who underwent surgery for benign breast disease were included. Patients who did not undergo surgery for benign breast disease were excluded. All the data were collected in predesigned proforma by observation of the files and operation notes of patient who underwent surgery for benign breast disease. The files were retrieved from the case sheet and histopathological examination reports were obtained from the department of pathology and relevant information were noted.
Result: In our study, most of the patients were 21-30 years i.e., 38 out of 70 (54.2%), followed by 10-20 years, i.e., 17 out of 70 (24.2%) and least were 1 (1.4%) belongs to 51-60 years.Patients with lump in left breast were more in number (31) than those with lump in right breast (29). Bilateral lump presentation as the least common 10 (14.2%) patients. In our study, 42 was firm 60% followed by 9 were soft while 19 were hard in consistency.Fibroadenoma was the most frequently diagnosed lesion, followed by fibrocystic change. Epidermoid cyst was the third most commonly diagnosed. Other histological diagnoses were fat necrosis, lactating adenoma and tuberculosis of the breast.
Conclusion: Benign breast disorders are a group of conditions that are commonly managed by surgeons. Benign breast pathologic conditions rarely increase the risk of malignancy. As knowledge of benign breast pathologic conditions improves, many conditions can be managed without the need for open surgery. Collaborative care models including nurse practitioners can improve patient experience and education about their breast health.