Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Akhani, Sonu

Prevalence and outcome of anemia among hospitalized children at a tertiary hospital

Sonu Akhani; Khyati Satodiya; Bela Shah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 1930-1938

also the developed countries, with major consequences on their health and socioeconomic development. The present study was undertaken with an aim to find the prevalence of anemia amongst the patients attending tertiary care hospital. Material and Methods: Present study was single-center, observational study, conducted in children aged between 6 Month to 12 years, who are admitted in pediatric ward, diagnosed as anemia as per WHO classification. Results: Prevalence of anemia was 43.55 %. The prevalence of anemia was more in 5-12 year of age group (43.11%), boys (52 %), in lower socioeconomic class (40.89%), partially immunized children (58.58%), children on vegetarian diet (75.5 %). Most common degree of anemia at the time of admission was severe anemia (42.06 %), followed by moderate (39.37%) and mild anemia (18.57%). Microcytic hypochromic anemia was most observed peripheral smear seen (42.56%), followed by dimorphic anemia (28.82%). MCV was low in 71.47% patients, MCV was on higher side in 12.33% patients, MCHC was low in 76.07 % patients and MCH was low in 71.47 % patients. In 71.47% patients RDW was on higher side. 75.48% patients had iron deficiency, 50.81% patients had ferritin deficiency, and 42.15 % patients had vitamin B12 deficiency. 564 cases (83.80%) had nutritional anemia (42.64% had iron deficiency anemia, 12.33% had megaloblastic anemia and 28.82% had dimorphic anemia 561 patients were discharged ,91 patients were expired and 21 patients went DAMA. Most common cause of death is septicaemia and an acute respiratory distress syndrome (28.57 %), followed by congestive cardiac failure (26.37%) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (21.17%).