Author : Akanksha Singh, Punita Kumari, Binay Ranjan,
A Study of Clinical and Laboratory Parameters of Dengue Fever with Respect to Onset of Complications in Paediatric Patients
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3001-3007
Background: Dengue fever is a major public health problem especially in Indian subcontinent. It is a mosquito – borne arboviral infection which results in significant morbidity and mortality. The complications of dengue fever usually happen after the 5th day of illness which include fluid leak, bleeding, hepatitis, encephalopathy, ARDS. The studies on dengue in paediatric age group are scant in this part of the country. Hence this study was taken up with aim of analysing the clinical and haematological and radiological parameters in children during the febrile phase of dengue and correlating them with onset of complications.
Objective: To study the clinical profile, laboratory parameters of dengue fever in paediatrics age group compare them with complications.
Material and methods: Cross sectional study was conducted in PMCH, on 250 pediatric cases presenting with fever for 2 to 7 days, presenting at OPD/IPD of pediatric department Study duration of Two years..
Results: This study had shown that, the age group was between 6 – 9 years, males sex, fever was the common sign, hepatomegaly was the common sign, leucopenia, reduced platelet count, NS1 positive, IgM and IgG positive, normal C3 count, positive widal test abnormal USG abdomen, more than 5 days of hospitalization and mortality was present in 11.1% of the cases. Conclusion: Dengue was common and dreadful mosquitoborne disease which can be prevented easily. Prompt early recognition of signs and symptoms can present further progressions of the disease and prevention of the morbidity and mortality due to this disease.