Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Ahmed, Mohamed Ayaaz


The Moderating Effects of Religious and Spiritual Copingon The Relationships of Religiosity and Spirituality With Depression Among Medical and Health Science Students.

Usman Jaffer; Che MohdNasril Che Mohd Nassir; Rahmah Ahmad H. Osman; Abdul LatifAbd. Razak; Nasreen Allie; Mohamed Ayaaz Ahmed; Mohamad AfiudinJalaludin; NursyuhaidahMohd Kadri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 28-40

Introduction:Depression is a global mental health issue. Vulnerability for this condition increases in the university student population, specifically medical and health science disciplines. Previous evidence showed that religiosity and spirituality were inversely linked with depression. They have also been predominantly treated as one construct. Still, the mechanisms of these relationships are vague.
 
Objective: This study aims to investigate moderating roles religious and spiritual coping played on the relationships between religiosity, spirituality and depression among medical and health sciences students.
 
Methods:A total of 151 medical and health science students were recruited from various universities across Malaysia. Beck’s Depression Inventory second edition (BDI-II) was used to measure depression and depressive symptoms, the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) was used to measure religiosity, and the Spirituality Scale (SS) was used to measure the beliefs, intuitions, lifestyle choices, practices, and rituals representative of the human spiritual dimension.Whilstthe brief scale of religious coping (RCOPE) and spiritual coping questionnaire (SCQ)were used to assess positive and negative religious and spiritual coping respectively.
 
Results:Negative religious coping played a moderating role in the relationship between religiosity and depression. Similarly, negative spiritual coping also played a moderating role between spirituality and depression.
 
Conclusion:These findings give insight into this population. It also provides avenues for psychoeducation and intervention. The ramifications of these findings may be applicable at the society as well as the government and policy making level in Malaysia.  

The Mediating Roles Of Religious And Spiritual Coping Between Religiosity, Spirituality, And Depression Among Medical And Health Science Students.

Usman Jaffer; Che Mohd Nasril Che Mohd Nassir; Rahmah Ahmad H. Osman; Abdul Latif Abd. Razak; Nasreen Allie; Mohamed Ayaaz Ahmed; Mohamad Afiudin Jalaludin; Nursyuhaidah Mohd Kadri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1209-1223

Introduction: Depression is a global mental health issue. Vulnerability for this condition increases in the university student population, specifically medical and health science disciplines. Previous evidence showed that religiosity and spirituality were inversely linked with depression. They have also been predominantly treated as one construct. Still, the mechanisms of these relationships are vague.
 
Objective: This study aims to investigate mediating roles religious and spiritual coping played on the relationships between religiosity, spirituality and depression among medical and health sciences students.
 
Methods: A total of 151 medical and health science students were recruited from various universities across Malaysia. The BDI-II, DUREL, Spirituality Scale (SS), RCOPE and SCQ were the measures used in this study.
 
Results: Religious coping (Positive) was responsible for full mediation between religiosity and depression. Positive spiritual coping partially mediated between spirituality and depression, while negative spiritual coping had a slight partial mediating effect.