Author : Afshan Kausar, Amreen Anjum Deshmukh, Syed Maaz Hussain, Venukumar Lachmaya Rangu, Rupali Venukumar Rangu,
Study of Optical Coherence Tomography findings in patients of retinal vein occlusion and their visual prognosis
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 4698-4705
Retinal vein occlusion is a common cause of vision loss in older patients , and the second most common retinal vascular disease after diabetic retinopathy. Optical coherence tomography plays an important role in diagnosis of posterior segment diseases. This study establishes the importance of OCT in diagnosis and visual prognosis of retinal vein occlusion.
Materials and Methods: This is a prospective observational study conducted from November 2013 to October 2015, at a tertiary care hospital. 30 patients who presented to outpatient department with retinal vein occlusion were included in the study and evaluated on the basis of visual acuity, age, type of Retinal vein occlusion, OCT findings.
Results: Retinal vein occlusion was found to be more prevalent above age 40 years, in male patients, and those having co-morbidities like hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia. Significant correlation was found between foveal thickness and visual acuity.
Conclusion:This study concludes that BRVO is more common than CRVO. OCT plays an important role in diagnosis and predicting the visual prognosis.