Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Agriculture


Rational Use Of Water In Agriculture Of The Republic Of Uzbekistan And Its Problems

DadaboevTulkinjonYusupjonovich .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 798-808

The article analyzes the state of water use in agriculture in Uzbekistan and examines the reasons for their waste. It analyzes the current state of water use on irrigated agricultural lands in the world and in the country, as well as programs of measures to address issues and problems of efficient use, and makes relevant proposals for their more efficient use. It also analyzes the views of experts on the recognition of water efficiency indicators in relation to key indicators, based on the fact that the same indicators cannot be applied uniformly as a result of global climate change, given the characteristics of specific and relative indicators of water use efficiency. In Namangan region, econometric models of changes in the volume of production depending on the conditions of water use in arable lands were developed and analyzed. As an indicator of water efficiency, crop yields were studied and suggestions and recommendations for water efficiency were presented.

Development of agrotechnical methods and application of biomeliorant plants in the lower areas of Amudarya

ILKHOMURAZBAEV .; SALTANATKASIMBETOVA .; GULNORAAKHMEDJANOVA .; ZEBINISONIYAZOVA .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 844-849

little-known sorghum culture, over the past ten years has gained a worthy place among agricultural crops.Sorghum has high drought tolerance, salt tolerance, high productivity, crop stability over the years and a distinctive feature is that it is able to continue the accumulation of dry matter and grow normally at high air temperatures and a limited amount of moisture in the soil, when other crops often die.

Studies On Use Of Biofertilizers In Agricultural Production

Vandna Chhabra

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2335-2339

India had to reconstruct its economy after 1947 when more than three-quarters of the population relied on farming. There were several issues faced by agriculture in India like very small grain productivity due to lack of irrigation and other infrastructure as farming still dependent on monsoons. The Green Revolution began in 1965 with the first implementation of High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds in Indian agriculture. This has been combined with better and more effective irrigation and proper fertilizer use to increase the crop yields. The Green Revolution ultimately resulted in India becoming self-sufficient. Presently, to get more production from the shrinking resources like land and water is the huge challenge. Biofertilizers, are regarded as profitable, environmental friendly and limitless resources of crop nutrients or microbial inoculants and economical transporters for adding and mobilizing nutrients in soil.

Comparative Infiltration Characteristic Of Agriculture Land Use Over Other Land Uses Of Selected Area In Konkan Region

Nitin Changade; Amit Jadhav; Rahul Kondar; Kedar Mulye

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5847-5854

The present research was carried out to study the infiltration characteristic of different land uses in selected watershed area of Konkan region Maharashtra. A grid survey was conducted in selected watershed area to access the infiltration characteristics of land uses viz. plantation land, agricultural land, pasture land and terrace land. The infiltration data collected for selected land use/cover were correlated by Kostiakov's, Kostiakov Lewis and Philip's infiltration equations. The infiltration rate for various grids ranges from 2.04 to 11.15 cm/hr with the cumulative infiltration ranges from 315.9 to 1277.16 cm. The average infiltration rate for agricultural land ranges from 2.04 to 5.09 cm/hr and the cumulative infiltration was 315.9 to 603.06 cm while the cumulative infiltration ranges from 382.23 cm to 1084.05 cm and average infiltration was 3.30 cm/hr to 7.80 cm/hr for pasture land. For plantation land the average infiltration rate ranges from 3.59 cm/hr to 11.15 cm/hr and cumulative infiltration was 549.48 cm to 1277.16 cm. The average infiltration rate for terrace land ranges from 6.47 cm/hr to 9.83 cm/hr and cumulative infiltration was 654.57 cm to 1084.05 cm. It was found that the Kostiakov's model gives almost perfect fits for the infiltration data.

Impact Of Programme For Rural Listeners On Farmers In Phek District (Improving Livelihood Of Farmers Through Broadcasting)

Wapangsungla Longkumer; Dr.Akash Deep Muni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6323-6329

India is one of the world’s fastest growing economies, nevertheless it is a developing country that needs holistic policies and programmes to cater its diverse segment of socio-economic population. In the process of rapid economic development, it is imperative to view development from the perspective of improving livelihood,especially the majority of population inhibiting in rural areas. As agriculture is the largest contributor to India’s GDP, the state of Nagaland is predominantly agrarian. Prior studies have shown that empowering the farming community through effective policies and media content have a positive impact. Development communication is an operative way to facilitate development through media that seeks to understand the reality of the audience and frame content accordingly. This planned approach rest upon the responsibility of the media organization, to identify gaps and intensify opportunities that can encourage sustainable development. Radio as an aural medium of communication has far-reaching impact in view of its ability to reach even the remotest places which have partial connectivity by information technology or electricity. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of programme for rural listeners broadcast by All India Radio as perceived by 50 farmers from two villages in Phek district, Nagaland. Results indicate positive assessment of the programme for improving agriculture production. Broadcast medium- television and radio, are proved to be desirable medium of communication.

Results Of Studies Of The Impact Of Agricultural Tractors And Machines On Soil

Muradov Shukhrat Mustafaevich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 834-845

The article presents the results of studies of the effects of movers of agricultural tractors and machinery on the soil. To identify the multiplicity of passes of tractors and aggregates, special experience was laid down on the degree of compaction of the soil and the productivity of cotton. The degree of compaction of the soil was studied at 1, -3, -5, -and 8-fold passes through the field. The main characteristics of tractor propulsion are given. A structural diagram of the ways, methods and factors of reducing the compaction effect of the running systems of machines on the soil is presented.
In order to reduce the area of field compaction, a study is made of the kinematics of motion of machine-tractor units. To speed up the calculations, a special logarithmic nomogram was constructed with a 45-degree course of the solution beam.

Assess The Impact Of Land Reclamation On Increasing Agricultural Productivity

Dadaboev Tulkinjon Yusupjonovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 769-777

The article analyzes the state of agricultural lands in Uzbekistan and examines the reasons for their decline. It analyzes the issues of targeted and efficient use of irrigated agricultural lands and programs of measures to improve their reclamation, and makes relevant proposals for their more efficient use. It also analyzes the views of experts on the recognition of land use efficiency indicators in relation to key indicators, based on the fact that the same indicators can not be applied to different organizational and legal forms of land management, given the characteristics of specific and relative indicators of land use efficiency. In Namangan region, econometric models of changes in the volume of crop production depending on the reclamation conditions were developed and analyzed. The reclamation condition of the land as an indicator of land use efficiency was studied and conclusions were drawn on the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers for crops in agricultural organizations.

Driving Data Analysis Naturally for Road Safety

P.Sathya Siva Reddy; N. Deepa

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2201-2210

Thousands of higher authoritydemonstrated that vehicle crashesand accidentsare caused by drivers unconsciousness. To guarantee thesecurity of people on the road network as far as feasible, it's vital to have the ability to predict the drivers'who aredriving safety risks safely in real time. The results of withstatistics published by the World health organisation. asshow that automobile crashes cause over 12 lakhsdeaths and more than 5croreinjurieshappenevery 365 daysand according to this data analysis from , it is found that young people between the ages of 14-28have the peakrangeof these crash events happeningwithhelp of database by using Hadoop tool we are able to test no restriction of data and simply add variety of machines into this bunch and also we receive results with less time, even eighth demanding put and miniatous price is less and we are using combines, partitions and bucketing methods in Hadoop.Hadoop is Opensource framework that includes modulated by the apache software base and It is used for storing and processing substantial data sets Hardware.We are employing spark we Can get consequence hundred times faste

Changing Trends Of Landuse Landcover In Nagaon District And Its Impact On Agricultural And Environmental Sustainibility

Khijumoni Saikiam; Sailajananda Saikia; Bishmita Medhi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1388-1410

Agricultural Landuse plays a vital role in the entire environment of the Nagaon district. Comprising of 3993 sq.km. of geographical area, the district reflects the spatio-temporal variations in agricultural landuse. In course of time the growing population stresses upon the agricultural landuse pattern of the district for fulfilling their various requirements like residence and day-to-day activities of livelihood. This interference of population and changing agricultural landuse effects the environment and the biotic ecosystem of the district, where man-animal conflict is also a common fact in some parts of the district. To achieve environmental sustainabilty, adoption of sustainable agriculture practices and enhancing agriculture productivity is highly needed.
This paper examines the changing trends of agricultural landuse of Nagaon district of Assam .The attempt is to reflect the agricultural landuse change dynamics occurred due to various natural and man-made factors.
For preparation of this paper, primary data are collected through questionnaires and personal visits with the local people in the field. Secondary data are collected from Govt. offices and websites

Impact of Environment Over Human Health

Ansuman Samal; A.K. Dash

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1092-1100

Thru this report, both the established as well as the emerging nations carried out a thorough analysis of a financial focused on the effects of climatic change on human health. Environmental ecosystems pose various health and well-being problems, and many of these issues tend to evolve and change in forms which we can accurately anticipate and not create. Therefore, socioeconomic influences have a significant impact on various sections of society.Thru the air quality we consume, nutrition we consume and the water we consume, the physical world contributes enormously to human wellbeing. This provides, firstly, improved environmental options, while, secondly, risks to infrastructure, manufacturing systems, agriculture and waste disposal activities. This provides more commercial and leisure opportunities. Air toxins and possible pathogens can affect the human health across a variety of different mechanisms of transport and exposure. In this review paper first quality of air, water have been thoroughly discussed, initially explaining the changes in air and water over the time then the impact these changes cause to the human health and the improvements that people record in biodiversity or the climate in various habitats have been demonstrated

SAFETY OF APPLICATION OF NEW PESTICIDE PREPARATIONS INTRODUCED INTO AGRICULTURE OF THE REPUBLIC

IskandarovTulkin .; AdilovUtkir .; Romanova Liliya; Natalia Slavinskaya; Iskandarov Aziz - Ph.D

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2785-2794

Abstract. The article presents data on toxicological and hygienic characteristics of
new plant protection means introduced into the Republic's agriculture. As a result of the
research, it was established that new pesticides are low hazardous; they have irritating effects
on mucous membranes of eyes and skin in different degrees; they have functional cumulation.
Hygienic norms and standards of pesticides in environmental facilities and regulations for
their safe use - sanitary protection zones and employment terms.

Problems And Prospects Of Development Of Agrologistics In The Republic Of Uzbekistan

MullabayevBaxtiyarjonBulturbayevich .; AxunovaShoxistaNoman janovna; Abdulkhakimov Zuhrali Tursunalievich; Tuxtasinova Dildora Rakhmonberdievna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 763-768

The article explores the theoretical aspects of the formation and development of agrologistics. Approaches that reveal the content and essence of logistics, especially agrologistics, are analyzed. The role and importance of logistics, in particular, agro-logistics in the development of the economy of Uzbekistan, as well as scientific and practical recommendations for its development were given.

Identification and Detection of Plant Diseases by Convolutional Neural Networks

A. Iyswariya; V. Ramkumar; Sarvepalli Chandrasekhar; Yaddala Chandrasekhar Reddy; Vunnam Sai Tathwik; V.Praveen Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 2200-2205

Agribusiness is the foundation of Indian economy. Plant health and food safety goes hand in hand. The health of green plants is of vital importance to everyone.Plant diseases being an impairment to the normal state of a plant, it interrupts or modifies plants vital functions. The proposed system helps in identification of plant disease and provides remedies that can be used as a defense mechanism against the disease. The database obtained from the Internet is properly segregated and the different plant species are identified and are renamed to form a proper database then obtain test-database which consists of various plant diseases that are used for checking the accuracy and confidence level of the project .Then using training data we will train our classifier and then output will be predicted with optimum accuracy. We use Convolution Neural Network (CNN) which comprises of different layers are used for prediction.CNNs provide unparalleled performance in tasks related to the classification and detection of crop diseases. They are able to manage complex issues in difficult imaging conditions A prototype drone model is also designed which can be used for live coverage of large agricultural fields to which a high resolution camera is attached and will capture images of the plants which will act as input for the software, based of which the software will tell us whether the plant is healthy or not. With our code and training model we have achieved an accuracy level of 78%. Our software gives us the name of the plant species with its confidence level and also the remedy that can be taken as a cure.

Performance of Automatic Smart Irrigation System Using GSM

G Ahmed Zeeshan; Dr. R Sundaraguru; Dr.P. Vijayakarthick; Akula Mahesh Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2343-2351

Agribusiness recognizes an indispensable activity in making countries. In India, a colossal piece of masses relies upon nation's unforeseen turn of events. In like way the paper goes for affecting improvement business to mind blowing utilizing computerization and Global new turn of events. The proposed article illustrates the design and implementation of smart irrigation system with auto control and monitoring. In this proposed system we integrate the temperature, humidity, soil moisture sensors to monitor the agriculture parameters and monitor on LCD and send alerts. Depends on soil moisture sensor status irrigation pump ON/OFF automatically and send the alerts to authorized person and control the irrigation pump remotely for designing of smarter irrigation system.