Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Health promotion

Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy and Alcohol Expectancy: Changing Undergraduate Students’ Alcohol Drinking Behavior

Chakkrit Ponrachom; Karuntharat Boonchuaythanasit; Bradley J. Cardinal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2915-2921

Under-age drinking and the overconsumption of alcohol among undergraduate students results in unnecessary physical, emotional, and intellectual problems, as well as economic losses for individuals. This issue remains an enduring educational and public health challenge. To better understand what is known and what is not known on this subject, the purpose of this article is to review past literature as it pertains to individual causal factors. The review points to the importance of considering individual resiliency in the form of drinking refusal self-efficacy and alcohol expectancy. Innovative solutions aimed at addressing these constructs among undergraduate students, such as adaptive skill-building strategies that are social context specific, advance progress in solving this problem behavior.

Development of M-Health Promotion in Postpartum Care

Respati Wulandari; Agus Suwandono; Martha I. Kartasurya; Nugraheni Sri A.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3834-3843

Postpartum is a time of risk, most maternal and infant deaths in the world occurs in the first month. Education is aimed at improving health literacy so that quality postpartum care will optimize the health and well-being of mothers and babies. The aim of the study was to develop and test the validity of postpartum health promotion media in Semarang, Indonesia. We conducted research for four months in 2020 (May-August) in Semarang City, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Two sub-districts were selected: North Semarang and Genuk; for having the postpartum mother risk  the largest. We use research and development methods which are divided into three phases; needs analysis, development and validity testing of promotional media. Needs analysis was carried out by means of focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews involving eight material experts (midwives) and 10 users (third trimester pregnant women couples). Development based on a needs analysis was carried out by editing the media using Adobe Photoshop software. Testing the validity of the material involved eight material experts and 36  thematic  data analysis  and descriptive statistics. The results of the thematic analysis reveal four main themes, first: the limited movement  of the midwife, mother and husband, second: postpartum knowledge as  most of the respondents have less knowledge in postpartum care. Third, traditional beliefs and practices as  midwives still find mothers who believe in myths and practice traditional postpartum , and fourth, m-health for postpartum care is not much known. This study produces a postpartum care promotion model using m-health that is acceptable and feasible to implement for improving postpartum care literacy.