Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Mothers


AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF NEONATAL OUTCOME IN BABIES BORN TO MOTHERS WITH PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION

Dr. Dhruv Singh Gaur,Dr Aishwarya Singh,Dr. Swati Prashant

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 3060-3066

Background & Method: The aim of this study is to study neonatal outcome in babies born to mothers with pregnancy induced hypertension. An observational study was conducted in level III NICU of INDEX MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL & RESEARCH CENTRE , INDORE .  Detailed maternal history like age, parity, immunisation status, gestational age, blood pressure recording, proteinuria & presence of seizures. Details of labor, mode of delivery, presence of complications if any during labor. Detailed natal history was taken which included maturity , birth weight , APGAR score , type of delivery  , anthropometry , any complication during birth like Meconium Aspiration Syndrome(MAS) , respiratory distress (RDS) , sepsis , need for ventilatory support. Gestational age was assessed by New Ballard scoring system.
 
Result: Among the total(n = 156), about 69.2% of babies were delivered by caesarean section & 30.8% were delivered by vaginal delivery. This shows a statistical significance of caesarean section(p value-0.001) among these babies born to PIH mothers in our study. RDS is found to be the most common complication accounting for about 39.7% of all babies. Birth asphyxia (26.9%) & sepsis (29.4%) comes next, followed by Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS) (3.8%) being the least common complication.
 
Conclusion: Pregnancy Induced Hypertension is a maternal pathology involving placental modification which is associated with foetal complications. Since babies born to hypertensive mothers are prone to develop several complications, close monitoring of these babies should be undertaken in an attempt to provide these babies with decreased morbidity & improved growth development & survival.

Assessment Level of Knowledge about Weaning and Its Practice among Mothers Attending Primary Health Care Centers, Makkah Al-Mokarramah, 2021

Homied Mohammad Amer Alsufyani, Abdulmoneem Abdullah algahtani, Hussain Jaber Mohammad Aqeeli, Ahmed Ali Alghamdi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 3077-3091

Weaning is a complex process of a gradual introduction of complementary foods to the infant’s diet. It is recommended that solid food is introduced between 6 and 12 months of age. Weaning is difficult and potentially dangerous time for infants’ growth and mother’s education is an established determinant of its success. Little is known about weaning attitudes or practice among mothers in the Saudi Arabia. The weaning is a process by which the baby gets used to eating adult's food slowly and relies less and less on breastfeeding (BF). It should start between four and six months of age. It is an important public health strategy for improving the child health.e origins of the word ‘weaning’ are traceable to the AngloSaxon expression “wenian” meaning “to become accustomed to something different” . Weaning from breastfeeding is considered a natural and inevitable stage in the development of human child. Weaning is a complex process involving adjustment to a range of nutritional, immunological, biochemical, and psychological changes.

Oral Rehydration Therapy: Mothers Knowledge And Attitude

Mohammed khawwam Abdul Wahid; Sura Khutan Mohammed; Ahmed Abdul Abbas

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 4349-4357

Over the last several decades, there has been some decline in mortality rate in association with diarrhea and this has been attributed to the use of oral rehydration solutions (ORS), better supplemental feeding, improvement in hygiene and sanitation and mother education; however, the use of ORS is greatly affected by mothers knowledge and attitude toward using it in treating their children with diarrheal disease. This study was aimed to figuring out maternal knowledge, attitude and practice with respect to ORT use in diarrheal illness and the main maternal characteristics that can predict such attitude and practice.The current study was designed to be a cross sectional study enrolling 400 mothers of children aged between 2-59 m. with history of diarrheal disease. Those mothers were asked to fill a questionnaire form regarding residency, level of education, parity, occupation,did they use ORS for their children or not during diarrheal disease. Mothers who did not use the ORS were asked about the reasons for such behavior. Mothers who used the ORS were asked about their source of knowledge about ORS,the way of preparation of ORS,the type of ORS, the frequency of administration, the method of administration and their beliefs regarding the benefit of ORS. The results of current study revealed that out of 400 mothers including in this study 232 (58%) used ORS to treat there children during diarrheal disease.There was no significant association between use of ORS and residence, level of education, parity and occupation (P > 0.05). Mothers who used ORS had good knowledge about the advantages and the way of preparation and use of ORS and their main source of knowledge was primary health care centers. Mothers who did not use ORS admitted to have no idea about its advantages because no one has told them about these advantages. a significant proportion of mothers in our community lack necessary knowledge about the advantages of ORS in treating diarrheal disease in children and that there is urgent need to adopt health campaign to raise the awareness of women in our society regarding this common health issue.