Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : mandibular fracture


Coleman Sign: A Hallmark For Mandibular Fracture? A Rare Case Exception

Dr Premalatha Shetty(MDS); Dr Aditya Nandan; Dr Mahabalesh Shetty; Dr Suraj Shetty

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 1064-1070

Mandibular fracture involving the parasymphysis region is one of the most common fractures of mandible. Majority of parasymphysis fractures are due to direct blow or injury to the chin region. Specific signs and symptoms for parasymphysis fracture are pain, swelling, tenderness in the chin region, deranged occlusion, soft tissue injury to chin and the lower lip and sublingual hematoma. Frank Coleman considered a sublingual hematoma as “almost pathognomonic of fracture of the mandible”. We present a case that fails to replicate this hallmark sign associated with a mandibular fracture, as the patient had all the signs and symptoms of parasymphysis fracture except sublingual hematoma which is very rare and unusual to observe. The final diagnosis was made on the basis of radiographic examination using CBCT scan. On surgical exposure the mandibular parasymphysis fracture in the region of right lateral incisor and canine was confirmed. Such clinical scenario is very rare and unusual to observe. This case emphasizes on the fact that though Coleman sign has a very high specificity for mandibular fracture but it may not have high sensitivity. The examining doctor who completely relies on this sign and thus miss the fracture would be committing a gruesome mistake. In addition, this can lead to a risk of undermining a grievous hurt as that of a simple one which can result in medicolegal implication.

PATTERNS & INCIDENCE OF MANDIBULAR FRACTURES: AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY

Dr. Rakesh Kumar; Dr. Purva Kulkarni; Dr. Jayendra Purohit; Dr. Abin Ann Abraham; Dr. Vipindas A P; Dr. Sameera Qureshi Mohd Rehman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 7144-7149

 Aim: The purpose of our research was to study various patterns as well as incidence of mandibular population amongst Indian population. Methodology: The medical records of 1842 patients with mandibular fractures treated
over a 3 years period were identified and analyzed supported age, sex, mechanism of trauma, seasonal variation, drug/alcohol abuse, number and anatomic location Results: 464 Patients who were in age range of 7 to 89 years participated in the study. The highest incidence (37.5%) of mandibular fractures was in the age group of 21–30 years. Most prominent cause for mandibular fracture was due to road traffic accidents which accounted for 68.8 % of all cases followed by free falls as well as assault cases. It was observed that parasymphyseal fracture was the most common site affected in mandible and the least affected was the angle of mandible. Mandibular angle
fractures were found mostly to be related to assault victims. Conclusion: The mechanism of injury correlates significantly with the anatomic location of fracture and knowledge of those associations should guide the surgeons for appropriate and timely management.