Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : school children


A study on prevalence of elevated blood pressure and hypertension among healthy school children at an altitude of 4000-5000 feet

Dr. Divyabh Gehlot, Dr. Neelam Grover, Dr. Hemant Gupta, Dr. Rajeev Vinayak, Dr. Amudeep Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 430-437

Introduction: Early diagnosis of hypertension is an important strategy in its control which is usually
missed in OPD practice. Kumarhatti, Solan, was selected as the place of study based on the new AAP
2017 criteria to find the prevalence of elevated blood pressure and hypertension at an altitude of 4000-
5000 feet.
Objective: To measure blood pressure of school going children and to classify BP measurements into
normal BP, Elevated BP and Hypertension.
Methods: 600 children between 10 to 17 years of age were selected from urban and rural schools. The
final diagnosis of HTN was made if a child or adolescent had auscultatory confirmed BP readings
≥95thpercentile on 3 different visits. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS20.
Results: Prevalence of EBP, stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension was found to be 15, 8%, 4.5% and 1%
respectively in the study. Prevalence of EBP and stage 1 hypertension was higher in urban population
(17.2% and 5.3% respectively) whereas stage 2 hypertension was almost equal in both population
(P<0.05). Prevalence of EBP, stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension was maximum in obese category as
38.6%, 13.63%, 6.8% followed by overweight 24%, 11.25%, 2.5% respectively (P<0.05). The prevalence
of positive family history among study subjects was 15% (N=90) with P value<0.05.
Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension was 5.5% in the study subjects. Prevalence of EBP and stage 1
hypertension was higher in urban population. Our study revealed that prevalence of elevated blood
pressure and hypertension was significantly more in overweight and obese children and with positive
family history compared to normal children proving obesity and positive family history as an important
risk factor for hypertension in children.

HEARING LOSS PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SELECTED SAMBALPUR SCHOOLS

Kamalini Bepari, Soubhagini Acharya, Sayambika Mishra, Fakir Mohan Mohanta 1Kamalini Bepari, 2Soubhagini Acharya, 3Sayambika Mishra, 4Fakir Mohan Mohanta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 11185-11192

Background: Hearing impairment in school-aged children is especially essential because
it is at this age that the basis for education, mental, and language development is built.
The current study attempts to quantify the burden of hearing impairment among school
children in Sambalpur, Odisha, both rural and urban.
Methods: In addition to clinical evaluation, pure tone audiometry at speech frequency
was performed on 5500 pupils in Burla, Sambalpur, and Hirakud to screen out cases of
deafness. Attempts were made to delve into the numerous circumstances that
contributed to their deafness. In addition, other information such as the respondents'
parents' socioeconomic position, social adequacy, history of the current and past
disease, and so on was gathered.
Results: Sambalpur has the greatest incidence of deafness (11.25 percent), followed by
Hirakud NAC (10.48 percent) and Burla (9.15 percent). Deafness was most common in
children aged 5-6 years (42.93 percent, with 40.97 percent conductive and 1.81 percent
sensorineural) and least common (7.55 percent) in children aged 13 and up. There was
no discernible variation in the incidence of deafness by sex or side of affection.
Secretory otitis media (37.21 percent) was the most common cause of deafness among
cases of conductive deafness, especially among children under the age of five.
Conclusion: The study emphasises the significant prevalence of hearing impairment in
the study population and the need to increase hearing impairment-focused school health
initiatives.

PREVALENCE OF FIRST PERMANENT MOLAR CARIES AMONG 6-10 YEAR OLD SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN IN NAGPUR REGION

Dr. Milind Wasnik; Dr. Arun Sajjanar; Dr. Suryakant Kumar; Dr. Shweta Bhayade; Dr. Niharika Gahlod; Dr.Sumit Rajewar; Dr.Durga Bhattad; Dr.Harshita Shukla

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1417-1431

Dental caries is a multi-factorial disease involving various factors such as diet, microorganisms, tooth morphology, saliva, as well as genetic predisposition. The present study is to determine the prevalence of dental caries in first permanent molar among 6-10 year old school going children in Nagpur Region Aim: The aim of the present study is to determine the caries prevalence of first permanent molar in 6-10 year old school going children in Nagpur region Objectives: 1) 1) To determine the caries prevalence of first permanent molar in 6-10 year old boys and girls. 2) To determine the frequency of simultaneous presence of first permanent mandibular molar caries and its antimere in 6-10 year old school going children Methodology: A cross sectional study was done in government and private schools of Nagpur district of Maharashtra. Around 800- 1000 school going children between 6 to 10 years of age in the government and private schools of Nagpur were examined for first permanent molar caries. Results: The prevalence of dental caries in first permanent molars among 6-10 year old school going children was 47.48% Prevalence of caries in first permanent molars and DMFT increased with age.

Assessment Of Malocclusion And Orthodontic Treatment Needs Among 13- 15 Years Old School Children Of Andaman And Nicobar Islands

Prafful Kumar; VP Hariharavel; Ajay Verma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 4675-4679

Background: The present study was conducted to assess malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need among 13 to 15 years old school going children of Andaman and Nicobar islands.
Materials & Methods: 126 school children age ranged 13-15 years of both genders was involved. Orthodontic treatment needs was calculated using Dental esthetic index (DAI).
Results: 13 years had 48 males and 52 females, 14 years had 72 males and 140 females and 15 years had 80 males and 112 females. DAI score <25 was seen in 40 males and 72 females, 26-20 in 56 males and 80 females, 31-35 in 44 males and 96 females and >36 in 60 males and 56 females. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05).
Conclusion: Maximum patients had severe malocclusion with dental esthetic index 31-35.

Screening for visual impairment in school children of Lucknow District

Dr. Priyanka Malik, Dr. Sneha Pal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 944-948

Aim: To study the magnitude of visual impairment among school children.
Material & Methods: The current study was conducted in three schools of Lucknow district. Study subjects comprised all students in Class VIII and IX of all the three schools. A total of 432 students were enrolled for the study. Out of all, 220 were male and 212 were females.
Results: Low vision (<20/60) in the better eye was found in 3.1% children; while 1.4% children had visual acuity equivalent to blindness (<20/200). No significant association was present between the gender of students and compliance with refraction (P>0.05) and regular use of spectacles (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Refractive error is an important cause of avoidable blindness among rural school children. Behavior change communication among rural masses by spreading awareness about eye health and conducting operational research at school and community level to involve parent’s teachers associations and senior students to motivate students for use of spectacles may improve utilization of existing eye health services in rural areas.

BLOOD PRESSURE PROFILE IN SCHOOL CHILDREN IN RURAL AND URBAN AREA IN AND AROUND KARAD

D. B. Potdar; Prashnt P. Shah; Naredra P. Porval

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 4168-4174

A cross sectional study among 1000 school going children of age group 6 – 16 years was conducted to study the relation of Blood Pressure with variables Like Body Mass Index, Socio Economic Status, Family History of Hypertension, Age and Sex at our tertiary care hospital Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad. 1.The study group had 100 (10%) children of 13, 14, 15 and 16 years, 90 (9%) children of 6, 8, 9 and 12 years and 80 (8%) children of 7, 10 and 11 years. 12.Systolic hypertension was observed in 13.3% of overweight and 6.7% of obese children. Systolic prehypertension was observed in 11.7% of overweight and 13.3% of obese children. BMI was significantly associated with pre hypertension and hypertension (SBP) in children (p<0.001). Diastolic hypertension was observed in 16.7% of overweight and 6.7% of obese children. Diastolic prehypertension was observed in 18.3% of overweight and 20% of obese children. Only 1.7% and 0.9% of prehypertension and hypertensive children had normal BMI.