Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Tertiary Care Hospital

“Breast cancer trends in a Tertiary Care Teaching Institute of South India”

Dr. M Bala Vikas Kumar; Dr. Venkat Rao Boinapally

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 313-318

Introduction: The Incidence of breast cancer has been found to increase gradually especially among younger women. This could be due to two reasons first is it may be reflecting the true incidence of the tendency of younger women to develop breast cancer or second could be due to increasing awareness and availability of modern screening methods which has led to the detection of cancers in early ages. Methods: We in this cross-sectional study screened n=125 women for breast cancer at RVM Institute of Medical Sciences, Mulugu, Telangana from January 2019 to Dec 2019. A total of n=120 cases were screened for breast cancer. Results: Out of n=125 women screened n=21 cases were detected with breast cancers.The incidence rate was calculated as 21%.Out of the total n=21 cases, n=7(33.33%) cases were found to malignant, n=14(66.67%) cases were benign lesions. Among the malignant lesions diagnosed the Invasive duct cell carcinoma was found in 71.43% of out of the total n = 7 cases of malignancy. In non-neoplastic lesions out of n=14 cases, fibroadenoma was diagnosed in 38.09% cases, followed by proliferative breast disease with atypia 14.28% and Phyllods in 9.52% cases. Conclusion: There is an urgent need for organized breast cancer screening programs especially in rural areas. A multidisciplinary approach is required to create awareness, screening, detection, and treatment. This can help reduce the incidence and mortality in cases of breast cancers.


Dr. Lokesh Mukut Vaishnav; Dr. Ashok Mehendale

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2066-2074

Background : A serious threat to both general and medical community is the proper collection and proper dumping of the Bio-medical Waste. In India, 1.87 lakh healthcare facilities with 17.01 lakh beds generates 519 tonnes of biomedical waste every day, Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). There are Healthcare Facilities (HCF) that still handle and accumulate such wastes inappropriately without understanding its hazardous repercussions on environment and human society. Study is attributed to awareness and negligence related issues. It covers a wide spectrum of information required for Healthcare Facilities (HCF) in regards to modifications in Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016’ (BMWM2016) from year 2016 till November 2019 and rules amended in view of the COVID-19 pandemic. Aim : Effectiveness of Training Program on awareness among Nursing Staff, Lab Technicians and Sanitary Workers regarding Bio-medical Waste management at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Central India.
Methodology : Interventional Study will be implicated from September 2020 to December 2022 in Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital (AVBRH) Tertiary Care Hospital, Sawangi, Wardha, Central India by the Post Graduate Student. Assessment of awareness will be 
done by distributing a set of questionnaires and then training the Healthcare Personnel (HCP), regarding Bio-Medical Waste Management based upon direct observation in the workplace. A total of 422 Nurses, Lab Technicians and Sanitary Workers will be enrolled as study participants. The Study participants will be demonstrated regarding proper standards of Bio-Medical Waste management.
Expected Outcomes/Results and Conclusion : Data will be analyzed and appropriate statistical tests will contemplate the results of stud