Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : energy


Correction OfEnergy Deficiency Condition In Calves With Prenatal Hypotrophy

Sergey Shabunin; Dmitry Savrasov; Yury Vatnikov; Eugeny Kulikov; Irina Bondareva; Elena Notina; Irina Bykova; Arfenia Karamyan; Olesya Petrukhina; Galina Frolova; Inna Pronina

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1878-1889

The body of calves has high lability, the formation of its resistance and adaptive abilities are most expedient in the early stages of ontogenesis, but if the feeding, care, and maintenance conditions do not meet the requirements of the organism, animals are forced to adapt to these conditions, primarily due to increased energy costs. At the same time, the processes of all links of the metabolism are disturbed and the resistance to diseases decreases. The article presents the classification of antenatal hypotrophy of calves based on the criteria for assessing the state of clinical and zootechnical status and changes in the morphological and biochemical parameters of the blood of sick animals. A method for correcting the energy status of newborn calves with prenatal hypotrophy using carnitine chloride is described. Antenatal malnutrition is the pathology of the fetus, manifested by a violation of its development and arising as a pathophysiological reaction to an inadequate supply of the fetus with oxygen, nutritional and biologically active substances, or in violation of their digestibility. A comparative study of the effectiveness of the correction of metabolic disorders in calves with postnatal hypotrophy with a 10% solution of the transmitochondrial fatty acid transporter carnitine chloride at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day was carried out. The material for the study was the Holstein-Friesian calves from birth to 14 days. All calves were similar in age, body weight and were in the same conditions of housing, feeding, and care. Calves with signs of prenatal malnutrition were divided into 2 groups: experimental and control 6 animals each. The use of a 10% solution of carnitine chloride in hypotrophic calves restores the level of glucose, the main source of energy in the body, and inorganic phosphorus used for various phosphorylation processes to form adenosine triphosphate (ATP), stabilizes anabolic, transport, and catabolic processes, which together alleviate the condition of the newborn's body young with malnutrition. The recommended therapeutic approach leads to the stabilization of the energy-deficient state by optimizing the hemorrhological composition of the blood, the glucose content of the basic energy source in the body, and inorganic phosphorus used for various phosphorylation processes, reducing stress in the anaerobic metabolism system and forming reserve macroergic substrates. The implemented therapeutic measures allow, in the body of calves-hypotrophic, to restore nutritional status.

Distribution Of Free Proline In Rice Stalk And Roots Grown Under Aluminium Toxic Soil

Prasann Kumar; Purnima .; Premasis Sukul

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2651-2663

The harmful amounts of metals in soils may be related to natural vegetation due to planting, manufacturing, mining, and waste management activities. Many of the acidic soils below pH 5.0 are essential growth restricting factors in plants, pH value as large as 5.5, however, may be easily reached. The issue is especially bad in extremely acidic subsoils that face trouble during liming and are aggravated by strongly acidic nitrogen engravings. The strong acidity in the subsoil (AI toxicity) decreases height of the plants, increases drought susceptibility and decreases the use of subsoil nutrients. The high temperature exacerbates aluminum toxicity d in cotton and wheat. The treatments T4, when compared with T1, showed that Fibroin NPs decreased the total free proline in rice stalk by only 14.19% whereas KNO3 NPS in T5 enhanced the same by 39.92% when applied along with Aluminium stress. The total free proline in rice stalk was significantly enhanced by about 9.88% concerning T1 when treated with Fibroin NPs upon Aluminium stress whereas only sole Fibroin NPs were applied (T6). KNO3 Nanoparticles when applied upon Aluminium stress (T6). The total free proline in rice roots was significantly decreased by about 17.39% concerning T1 when treated with Fibroin NPs upon Aluminium stress whereas only sole Fibroin NPs were applied (T6). KNO3 Nanoparticles when applied upon Aluminium stress (T6).

Green Carbon Dots: Advanced Material For Renewable Energy Sources

Monika Sindhar; Pinku Nath; Ajit Kumar Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4321-4324

Fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) are an emerging category of nanomaterials in the carbon family. There are different inexpensive and renewable resources that can be used to synthesize green CDs, which include received immense consideration from researchers because of their improved aqueous solubility, high biocompatibility, and eco-friendly nature compared with chemically derived CDs. Additional surface passivation is not necessary as heteroatoms be present on the surface of green CDs in the form of amine, hydroxyl, carboxyl, or thiol functional groups, which be able to improve their physicochemical properties, quantum yield, and the probability of visible light absorption. Green CDs boast potential applications in the fields of bioimaging, drug/gene delivery systems, catalysis, and sensing. While their discovery, there have been several review articles that describe the synthesis of green CDs and some of their applications. Nevertheless, there are no review articles describing the synthesis and complete applications of green CDs. Here, we provide detailed information concerning their synthesis and applications based on the available literature. In addition, we discuss a number of the less explored applications of green CDs and the challenges that continue to be overcome.