Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : micronutrients


Dietary Habits And Periodontal Health In Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study

Arwa Abdullah Alsyefi; Dr. Mohammed Alasqah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1258-1270

Aim: The purpose of our research was to highlight the importance of diet as well as
associated dietary habits in people; with the changes in oral environment leading to
alterations in the periodontal health of an individual.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 enrolled subjects who
underwent periodontal examination and treatment. A questionnaire was given to them,
which was related to self-reported medical history, medication, physical activity and dietary
habits and usual intake. Periodontist assessed the periodontal status of the participants and
a clinical dietician analysed their dietary habits. Subjects were the periodontally examined
and diagnosed according to the stage and grade of the periodontal disease. The collected
data recorded through questionnaire and periodontal examination was analysed
statistically.
Results: 81.8% participants did not have any apparent illnesses. 14.5 % of the participants
were taking medications for their diseases. Maximum study participants took sweet snacks
daily (60.9%) as well as caffeinated beverages daily (86.3%). They also took fried foods
(35.4%) as well as chips and junk food (34.5%) twice a week. The average Body Mass
Index of the study participants was 35.8kg/m2. 80% of the subjects had been diagnosed
with chronic periodontitis. 22.7% of participants had stage 1 periodontitis whereas 27.2%
of the subjects had stage 3 periodontitis.
Conclusion: It is imperative to reduce the consumption as well frequency of sticky and
refined sugars in the diet, so as to limit the damage to the oral tissue especially the
periodontium. Good oral hygiene also helps to maintain this homeostasis inside the oral
cavity.

Effect of fly ash and micronutrients (Zn and Fe) on Stover and seed yield of maize crop

Mayur Gopinath Thalkar; Sarwan Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2676-2683

A field experiment was conducted at the main Field Station, Department of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab during session 2018-2019 on sandy loam soil with ph 7.41 and Ec 0.35(ds m-1). The study was done to evaluate the “Effect of Fly ash and micronutrients (Zn and Fe) on yield of maize crop.” Pioneer 3401 hybrid variety was used. The experiment has seven treatments T1 (RDF), T2(Fly ash 10 t ha-1), T3(RDF + Zn EDTA 12%), T4(RDF + Fe EDTA 12%), T5(RDF + Fly ash 10 t ha-1+ Zn EDTA 12%), T6(RDF + Fly ash 10 t ha-1+ Fe EDTA 12%) and T7(RDF + Fly ash 10 t ha-1 + Zn EDTA 12% + Fe EDTA 12%) and was arranged in RBD design. The different parameters of growth and yield were evaluated. It was reported that T7 shows the maximum records of Number of cobs per plant (1.73), cob length (18.17 cm), cob weight (141.57 g), grains per cob (339.86), cob girth (14.03 cm), grain rows per cob (13.26), 100 seed weight (26 g) and seed yield (70.27q/ha).The least was recorded from T1 treatment. The yield of a crop has shown more responses to the combine application of RDF, Fly ash and foliar spray of Zn and Fe. The combination of fertilizers has an anticipated command on maize cultivar.

Grape Shinny For Prevention And Nutritional Support Of Micronutrient Deficiency In Mothers And Children

Saydullo Rasulov; Gulchehra Akhmedova; Khabiba Rustamova; Shokir Turamkulov; Nodira Nurullayeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4908-4916

Development of new methods for early diagnosis, nutritional support using national food products with a high content of pharmacological nutrients (grape shinny) in the prevention of deficiency, macro- and microelements in the "Mother-child" system.To prevent and correct micronutrient deficiency, the content of macro - and microelements in food products rarely used by the local population - grape shinny (molasses), was determined in the laboratory of activation analysis of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan by neutron activation method. The study of the sugar content in the composition of grape shinni was conducted in the laboratory of the Khovrenko winery in Samarkand.In mothers and their infants, the high-risk group for micronutrient imbalance was the highest, The composition of grape shinny revealed a high concentration of calcium, potassium, zinc, iron, copper and in trace concentrations of abiogenic, toxic elements, which confirms the safety for humans.