Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Humanism

Guru Nanak: The Guardian Of Humanism

Prof. Kirandeep Singh (Dr.); Dr. Pavitar Parkash Singh; Dr. Manish Gupta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2949-2954

Sikhism is the most energetic and logical religion existing on the earth. The authentic background of this religion is, as a general rule, the account of fight for Humanism. During the period of Sikh Gurus, Humanism was alarmingly crushed by tyrannical Muslim rulers. The whole community was being debilitated and embarrassed to follow and accept Islam. The founder of Sikhism Guru Nanak, struggled for the preservation of Human Privileges and was against communal hatred, unevenness, strict restriction, mishandling of women and humiliation of human characteristics. The strict, administrative circumstances dominating in those occasions were an incredible attack on Human Privileges. The existing community was ended up being adolescent, fanatic and antagonistic. Mankind was being crushed and there was not any end to it. Unevenness, injustice, trickiness, confusion and abuse were obscenities which broke down the reason of society. In such a horrendous, unforgiving and awful condition it was difficult to think of the rights of human. Guru Nanak expected to reveal the entire community the method for recovery and stimulate them against any type of physical and social harassment and mistreatment.

Spirit Of Ethnicity In Saul Bellow's Humboldt's Gift

Harikumar Pallathadka

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 4608-4612

The Jewish- American novelist Saul Bellow has written most of his novels full of Jewish
ethnicity, views, and characters. However, he always had an opposing attitude to what he
calls the parochial pigeonholing tendency. Even though he has dealt with specific Jewish
ethnicity, he tries to picture it as emblematic of human beings in general. Bellow has made
a name for himself as a humanistic and ethical writer. Critics have a dispute in their
opinion that "Humboldt's Gift," Saul Bellow wrote the novel in 1975, which received the
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1976, is a work of Scholenhauerian pessimism that favors
asceticism. There might be ideological controversy among the critics, but the characters of
Humboldt's Gift show the typical way of Jewish life. The metaphysical problem between
life and death, portrayed in the novel, is closely connected to Jewish Philosophy. The
protagonists of Saul Bellow are the epitome of humanitarianism who abide by the qualities
like humanity, dignity, and responsibility. These qualities consist of the optimistic ethical
thoughts which are evolved in Jewish ethnicity. Bellow’s characters try to find out the way
to establish the supreme of humanism. This research paper inspects how far this
humanism is interrelated with his Jewish themes and how far his vignette sketches upon
the Jewish heritage.