Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : depression


DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY AMONG STUDENTS COMMUNITY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC LOCKDOWN IN TAMIL NADU - A WEB BASED DESCRIPTIVE CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

K. Saravanan; S. Hariharan; R. Karthikeyan; B.Krishna Prasanth; Supraja Nagarathinam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1076-1080

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has had an appreciable impact on public
mental health. Hence continuous monitoring of the population’s mental health
especially during a pandemic demands immediate attention. The COVID-19
pandemic contributing to a rise in depression and anxiety among college students,
with more than one third of them experiencing detrimental mental health challenges.
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depression
and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic among medical college students.

Mental health status among Health Care Workers in Primary care exposed to COVID-19 pandemic in North Batinah, Oman

Firdous Jahan; Najat Mohammed Issa Al Zadjali; Muhammad Siddiqui; Sheikha Ali Mohammed Al Moqbali

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1268-1280

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is causing an enormous strain on healthcare providers
worldwide, from general practitioners to physicians and pharmacists. Health Care Worker (HCW)
in primary care is the first line defender in the community. The disease impact is being felt both by
those who care directly for COVID patients and those who practice in the community.
Methods
A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted in primary care/ Health centers in the
North Batinah region of Oman to assess healthcare workers' psychological responses and related
factors during the Covid-19 outbreak. All doctors and nurses working in primary health care
services were invited to participate in the study by filling in the study questionnaire. An electronic
survey link was sent out via email. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS (IBM SPSS
Statistics 24.0).

Structural Equation Model Factors Affecting Suicidal Ideation among Undergraduate Students

Herlina J. EL- Matury; Besral .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 2424-2437

The term suicide refers to the experience that one’s life is undeserved that starts with a thought and advances to the actual action to kill oneself or an obsession with self-destruction. This study aimed to construct a structural equation model of factors that affect suicidal ideation among undergraduate students. This study was conducted at 14 colleges at state universities in Jakarta, Indonesia. Method: A cross-sectional design was used in this study. A sample of 504 students was selected using a stratified random sampling method at 14 colleges. Data was analyzed with structural equation modelling testing. Results: Depression, anxiety, stress, and social support were significant factors that affected students’ suicidal ideation. Low social support was associated with increased suicidal ideation in college students. Depression, anxiety, and stress triggered suicidal ideation in students. Conclusion: Universities need to plan activities that can raise awareness and prevent students from experiencing depression, anxiety, and stress so that students can avoid suicidal ideation

Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Disorders among Nursing College Students in Mosul University / Iraq

Shatha Abdul-Rahman H. Al-Ghurairi; Eman Salem Khaffaf

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 1270-1276

High levels of depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS) can adversely influence the academic and clinical performance of nursing students, psychological well-being, and physical health. Large numbers of studies have recognized the factors that related by depression, anxiety, and stress. The purpose of the study is to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress and their levels among undergraduate nursing students in the Mosul University /Mosul/ Iraq. A confidential questionnaire was done in this cross-sectional survey study which is carried out using a depression anxiety stress scale DASS reported by Lovibond and Lovibond (1995a) carried out from 22th of January- 20th of March 2020. Among 800 nursing students analyzed, the age distribution shows that (83%) and (67%) respectively in the third class in morning and evening courses are between age group 22-25 years, 84% and 87% are female in the third class with significant p values. About the prevalence of moderate stress (26%) of third and 25% of second class respectively of morning and evening courses and mild anxiety 26% and 28% respectively of morning and evening courses. Finally, moderate depression was seen among 24% of the fourth class of morning and 35% of second class evening courses. The DAS and their levels among learner nursing students in the Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq had a high prevalence in comparison with others. Prospect research can localize on the need to set up social and mental health screening and hold up services, such as psychotherapy centers in nursing colleges.

FEATURES OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL AND AUTONOMIC DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN SYNDROME WITH RADICULOPATHIES OF COMPRESSION-ISCHEMIC GENESIS

Khakimova Sohiba Ziyadulloevna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 2327-2329

In patients with radiculopathies of various origins, along with chronic pain syndrome (CHS), psychopathological and autonomic disorders are observed. In groups of patients with radiculopathies, the state of asthenia, anxiety, and autonomic changes was studied using psychological scales [2]. Research on the Spielberg-Khanin scales of reactive and personal anxiety revealed a fairly high level of anxiety. The identification of mild and moderate depression on the Beck scale was especially significant. The results of the Kerdo index indicated damage to the autonomic nervous system in all patients, with a predominance of parasympathicotonic manifestations.

Role Of Increasing Levels Of The Hormone Cortisol In Cognitive Impairment In Parkinson's Disease: Vascular Parkinsonism

Gulnora Sattarovna Rakhimbaeva; Dilshoda Turdikulovna Akramova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 2987-2994

This article is based on a review of the literature and recent clinical studies on changes in plasma cortisol hormone concentrations in cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease. The article presents the reasons for the relationship between cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease, in particular vascular Parkinsonism and neurodegenerative diseases, as well as the results of neuropsychological tests.
Methods: We studied the level of morning plasma cortisol in 68 patients with Vascular Parkinsonism (VP) who were hospitalized in 1st neurology department of TMA in the period from 2015 to the present.The relationship between increased morning plasma cortisol and cognitive impairment was determined.The results of the study were statistically analyzed.Cortisol was determined in all blood samples of patients of the Main and Control groups.The control group consisted of 47 volunteers.
Results: Normal levels of cortisol were observed in 20 patients (29%) with vascular parkinsonism,, moderate increases in cortisol were observed in 37 patients (54.4%), and elevations in cortisol were observed in 11 patients (16.1%). Was determined the relationship between the value of cortisol and the assessment of cognitive impairment.In the main group, a statistically significant moderate inverse correlation was determined between plasma cortisol level and cognitive impairment in VP. When studying cortisol levels in VP, its significant increase is noted than in the control (p <0.05).
Conclusion: Increased levels of the hormone cortisol in Parkinson's disease play an important role in cognitive impairment and during the course of the disease and affect the effectiveness of VP therapy.

Mental Health Issues and Consideration in Post Covid-19 era

M.Yousuf Adam; Dr.Muhammad Amin Wani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6330-6336

Background: Corona virus disease (Covid-19) entered at the end of last year in China, and slowly occupied rest of world. In India, Government declared complete Lockdown in second half of March, soon after three or four months later country slowly lifted Lockdown. But, covid-19 pandemic is still there. Along with biological complication due to covid-19, we suffered with lots of mental health issues due to psychological and economical aspects.
Objective: Aim of this study is to assess mental health status irrespective of gender, age group, location, stress, chronic disease and covid-19 infection. Also, to investigate mean difference between various demographic variables in order to examine most vulnerable people towards mental health illness.
Material and method: Due to covid-19 and social distancing, the researchers were carried this study using demographic variables and the mental health inventory (MHI-38) in internet and social media platform from September 13 to September 23, 2020. The data collected were more than hundred, but the researchers took only hundred respondents to analyse data statistically and the results were interpreted.
Conclusion: The result revealed that mean difference of mental health in relation to gender, age group, and stress were statistically significant and their corresponding p-value were 0.0447, 0.0048 and 0.0001 respectively. Mental health status increases with increase income, and there were no statistical significant in respective to covid-19 testing, location, or chronic disease. The researchers have concluded this study with mental health consideration from latest reviewed paper and mentioned possible strategies to control mental health problem.

“Association of Cognitive function and Depression with Chronic exposure to Organophosphate pesticides in the Agricultural community of rural area of Wardha District.”

Dr. K. Himabindu Reddy; Dr. Vasant Wagh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2049-2056

vast majority of India’s population (58%), depends on agriculture for their livelihood and a vital part of our agricultural production technology constitutes of Pesticide use. According to a international report in 2013 " India is the largest producer of pesticides in Asia and ranks 12th worldwide for application of pesticides”. In India ,Maharashtra has been the biggest consumer of pesticides in the last 5 years
Indian agricultural community belongs to the unorganized sector; hence they receive quite little in terms of healthcare and social security. They thus are very vulnerable to loss of income and unavailability of healthcare, despite belonging to an occupation which involves numerous hazardous possibilities.
Chronic exposure to organophosphate pesticides is associated with a multitude of ill health outcomes including polyneuropathy, dermatitis, behavioral changes, glucose intolerance & cancer .The Nervous system in particular in more sensitive to the Organophosphate pesticides, so monitoring of chronically exposed people may help prevent the onset of future neurodegenerative diseases.
The aim of this study is to assess changes in levels of Acetyl cholinesterase levels due chronic pesticide exposure, evaluate cognitive function and depression among farmers 
chronically exposed to organophosphorus compounds, and determine the association between them.
Using standardized questionaries, data will be collected about personal habits, work practices, awareness of pesticide exposure adverse effects and among individuals living in area of study, involved in agriculture repeatedly in direct contact with pesticides. Blood samples to assess biomarker (cholinesterase) will be taken and cognitive function and depression assessment will be done using MMSE tool and PHQ-9 / Beck’s inventory.
Data collected over study period will be analyzed and appropriate statistical tests will be used to determine results and draw relevant conclusions.

An Assessment Of Depression, Anxiety And Stress Among Collegiate Athletes

Mr. Sunil Kumar; Mr. Mahendra Singh Parmar; Mr Ashutosh Sharma; Mr. Malkhan Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6396-6399

In this investigation university competitors, who used to participate in between school matches and competitions was chosen as subjects to survey the downturn, tension and stress. the specialist chose thirty (30) players of Lakshmibai public organization of physical training, Gwalior (M.P.). The age gathering of the subjects was run from (20-25) a long time. To quantify despondency, nervousness and worry among university competitors, a poll Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 42 (DASS 42) created by Lovibond and Lovibond (1995) was utilized to assess the downturn, tension and worry of the subjects. The information was gathered from the school players who used to partake in between school matches and competitions. the current examination, uncovers that Anxiety, gloom and stress were unprecedented among university competitors where sorrow has the least mean score (M= 7.60) with standard deviation (SD= 4.13) and nervousness has the most noteworthy mean score (M=9.13) with standard deviation (SD= 5.31) while mean score of pressure was (M=8.66) with standard deviation ( SD= 4.67). the examination additionally shows that the seriousness of gloom, and stress were ordinary in university competitors and the seriousness of tension was gentle in university competitors..

Effects of Psychological Distress on Hypertension among Liquefaction Refugees in Petobo Shelter

Herawanto .; Vidyana Aulia Rahma; Muh. Jusman Rau; Sendhy Krisnasari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 89-96

The purpose of this research is to know the psychological disorder in the incidence of hypertension among liquefaction refugees in Petobo Shelter. A cross-sectional design was performed. The total number of patients who visit the health post at a Petobo shelter is 3,079 people taken in accidental sampling. The analysis uses the univariate and bivariate analyses at a degree of confidence of 95% (α = 0.05). The chi-square test results show that anxiety (ρ = 0,031), depression (ρ = 0,008), and stress (ρ = 0,000) are associated with the incidence of hypertension. It is expected that hypertension sufferers should do breathing exercises, perform physical activity and meditation relaxation to avoid anxiety, negative thoughts, also avoiding depression, stress and do interact with someone else so that the mind is not saturated and easy to forget the negative thoughts.

COVID-19's Psychological Impact On Ophthalmologists In India

Dr.Anitha C; Dr. Suresh R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5470-5475

To evaluate the psychological impact on ophthalmologists of the COVID 19 crisis during lock-ups in India. An online study was carried out during the lockout on ophthalmologists. The details collected included population information, address, current professional status, form of activity, marital status, effect on training or practises of COVID-19, and effect on income and living cost power. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 measured psychiatric anxiety. Altogether 2,215 ophthalmologists replied. Multivariable research found that at younger age depression was considerably greater. For an age rise of 1 year, the risks of depression declined by 2.86%. Non-practicing ophthalmologists were more concerned about their schooling or professional development, in particular those with difficulties covering living costs. An extraordinarily significant number of ophthalmologists suffer from psychiatric disorders and will need customised psychological treatment of health

Investigation of Depression, Anxiety & Stress Symptoms on Students

Suchismita Pahantasingh; Ranjita Jena; Sarika M L

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1242-1252

The most common psychiatric disorder in young people is depression. Unipolar depressive disorder in young people are common globally but still unrecognized. The incidence is growing sharply following the puberty, especially in girls, and the 1-year prevalence rate at the end of adolescence exceeds by 4%. In middle and low-income nations, the burden is highest. Depression is related to current and potential illness and raises the risk of suicide. A family history of depression and exposure to psycho-social stress were the most important risk factors for depression in young people. Adolescence is a physical, social, sexual and emotional stress phase and it is a topic of concern at this stage of life if there are mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety and stress. The inherited risks, developmental factors, sexual hormones and psycho-social adversity interact in order to increase risk by hormone and associated neural disturbance factors. In this study, the student's executive functions were studied and compared with those of a stable person with depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. These scales are structured to measure depression, anxiety and stress in negative emotional states.

The Effect Of Social Media Exposure On Depression And Anxiety Disorders In Facing Covid-19 Pandemic

Aris Widiyanto; Asruria Sani Fajriah; Joko Tri Atmojo; Rina Tri Handayani; Lidia Ekiq Kurniavie

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4635-4643

Background: WHO has designated Covid-19 as a pandemic, this has an effect on mental health when people are stuck at home and it is unknown when the social distancing rule ends. This affects the quality of student learning faced with stressors in dealing with lecture material and exposure to Covid-19 information from social media. This study aims to predict the effect of social media exposure on depression and anxiety disorders in health students in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Methode: This research is a cross sectional study with a sample of students majoring in health in Indonesia in May 2020. Data were collected using a questionnaire through an online survey. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression with Stata 13.
Result: Results from the study found that there was a significant effect of social media exposure on depression (OR=1.64; CI 95%=1.05 hingga 2.57; p=0.031) and anxiety disorders (OR=1.64; CI 95%=1.18 to 3.40; p=0.008) in dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic.
Conclusion: Exposure to social media during this pandemic can increase the risk of depression and anxiety disorders in college students. So, it is expected that students also need to know the steps to protect themselves from excessive stress and panic in the midst of the Covid-19 outbreak.

Study of Adolescent Stage and Its Impacts on Adolescents

Shelly Agarwal; Ruchi Srivastava; Manisha Jindal; Pooja Rastogi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1369-1375

Youngsters in their teens represent the world's largest age demographic, in a special period known worldwide as the bridge between childhood and maturity in the life cycle. Longitudinal surveys and accurate assessments of teenage activity in both developed and emerging countries are providing new perspectives. Throughout adolescence, physical and psychosocial shifts cause incarnate challenges of centuries and early childhood to appear in human differences in areas such as maturity, academic achievement, self-confidence, peer pressure, and family proximity. The wellbeing and well-being threats to parents are therefore foreseen. Multi-disciplinary methodologies, in particular biological-social science, socio-economic and cultural variability and determinants of positive results needed to raise understanding at that stage. Depression, anxiety, and eating disorders are especially common during the days of the puberty. Adolescents with anxiety or mood disorders may suffer from physical symptoms such as exhaustion or chronic fatigue, dizziness, headache and pain in the abdomen or arms. The five main features of puberty are biological growth and development, an unclear status, increased decision-making, increased anxiety, and self-search. Adolescence is a lifetime with specific needs and rights relating to health and development. It is also a time to develop awareness and skills, learn to control feelings and relationships, and gain qualities and skills that would be necessary for teenage years to be experienced and adult positions to take on.

Various Approaches to overcome Depression: A Review

Anu Kumar; Neha Rathi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4684-4694

Depression is a global health problem which is elevating constantly. It affects not just the mood of the patient but also it`s health, behavior and the quality of life. Diagnosis becomes difficult as there is no exact point for it`s confirmation except some symptoms which too vary among patients. The condition can be triggered by various factors such as the surrounding friends and family, social sites, food habits, sleep patterns, food insecurity, childhood traumas, post partum and genetic factors. Since there is a wide range of clinical heterogeneity among patients the treatment approach would depend upon the individual itself. Different patients may show varying efficacy to different approaches. Along with the treatment there is a serious need to promote awareness among people of all age groups regarding various myths of the disorder and make them aware of the seriousness of this rising global health issue. In this review we made an approach to gather information about various treatment approaches available worldwide to fight this disorder as allopathy alone is not feasible to deal with it.

The Effect of Social Media Exposure on Depression and Anxiety Disorders in Facing Covid-19 Pandemic

Aris Widiyanto; Asruria Sani Fajriah; Joko Tri Atmojo; Rina Tri Handayani; Lidia Ekiq Kurniavie

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 942-950

Background: WHO has designated Covid-19 as a pandemic, this has an effect on mental health when people are stuck at home and it is unknown when the social distancing rule ends. This affects the quality of student learning faced with stressors in dealing with lecture material and exposure to Covid-19 information from social media. This study aims to predict the effect of social media exposure on depression and anxiety disorders in health students in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic. Methode: This research is a cross sectional study with a sample of students majoring in health in Indonesia in May 2020. Data were collected using a questionnaire through an online survey. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression with Stata 13. Result: Results from the study found that there was a significant effect of social media exposure on depression (OR=1.64; CI 95%=1.05 hingga 2.57; p=0.031) and anxiety disorders (OR=1.64; CI 95%=1.18 to 3.40; p=0.008) in dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic. Conclusion: Exposure to social media during this pandemic can increase the risk of depression and anxiety disorders in college students. So, it is expected that students also need to know the steps to protect themselves from excessive stress and panic in the midst of the Covid-19 outbreak.

Systamatic Review On Depression During Covid-19

Ms. Siji mol; Dr.Monisha S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5551-5560

In 2020, millions of cases of COVID-19 have been detected all over the world. Different infectious diseases are very frightening as of they can lead to death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID-19 was a virus that a sick person couldn't fight and infect the healthy ones in a short amount of time. WHO has established recommendations, such as isolation, avoiding close contact, caring for oneself and others, keeping updated about the symptoms and risk, recommending appropriate actions, to contain the infection1. The current study is evaluation of the literature done on the depression during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Scopus database have been used for the selection of the articles. Total 1612 articles have been evaluated for the systamatic review

A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY OF DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, STRESS AND RESILIENCE AMONG THE PRIMARY CAREGIVERS OF PERSONS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA FROM TERTIARY CARE RURAL HOSPITAL IN CENTRAL INDIA

Rashmi Shukla; Dr. Ajinkya Ghogare; Dr. Pradeep Patil

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2113-2121

Background: Schizophrenia is characterized by disordered thoughts, emotions, perceptions, language, sense of self and behavior. Primary caregivers of individuals with Schizophrenia encounter comprehensive care giving challenges that causes physical as well as mental stress and can deteriorate the family functioning. However, if primary caregivers are resilient enough with strong and positive mindset, they can overcome burden associated with patient care and preserve own health and health of family as well.
Aim: To assess the relationship between depression, anxiety, stress and resilience perceived by primary caregivers of persons with Schizophrenia 
Materials and Methods: Primary caregivers of person diagnosed with Schizophrenia disease reporting to OPD and IPD of Department of Psychiatry of Medical College as per DSM-5 diagnostic criteria will be assessed for depression, anxiety, stress and resilience after taking informed consent for the study by applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Then psychological scales will be applied on these primary caregivers. The Depression Anxiety and Stress (DASS-21) and Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) scales will be applied and accordingly the points will be given.
Conclusion: We expect to find significant relationship between depression, anxiety, stress and resilience perceived by caregivers of persons with Schizophrenia.

PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF STRESS AND DEPRESSION IN ADULTS WITH DIABETES - A SURVEY

Preety Rajesh; Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj; Manjari Chaudhary

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 799-809

Depression occurrence is found to be three times higher in people with diabetes mellitus. Sometimes the majority of the cases with depression are under diagnosed. According to the International diabetes federation, diabetes is the largest global health emergency of the 21st century. A questionnaire was created with a set of ten questions related to diabetic patients and depression. 100 random participants of the age 25- 50 years took the survey and a random sampling method was done. More than half the participants are well aware that depression is common in adults with diabetes (57.5%). 71.3% think that diabetic patients are more anxious than a normal person, 54.5% are aware that using antidepressants in diabetic adults can be risky, 51% think that diabetes can be under diagnosed during treatment and 70% are aware that glucose metabolism will be altered if the doabetic patient is under depression or stress. Awareness about diabetic patients who could possibly be dealing with stress and depression was created.

IMPACT OF FAST FOOD ON DEPRESSION IN THE ADOLESCENT POPULATION

B. Aishwarya Reddy; Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj; Nivethigaa. B

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 532-539

Depression In adolescence is linked with a range of adverse outcomes and substantial risk for morbidity
and mortality across the life span. Fast food is a common element of many adolescent’s diets. This leads to
pediatric obesity and the consequence could be increased risk of depression. A diet high in sodium could
develop symptoms of depression in early adolescence and that diet could be a modifiable risk factor for
depression in adolescent patients.The aim of the study is to evaluate the association between fast food
intake and mental health in the adolescent population.An online questionnaire was prepared and circulated
among the adolescent population.The sample size is 100. The data was tabulated and then imported to
SPSS software by IBM and the statistical Chi square test was done.Out of 100 adolescents, 71% were
females and 29% of them were males. 81% of them follow a mixed diet. 90% of the adolescents consume
fast food.The prevalence of consumption of fast food is much higher in the adolescent population. Out of
various types of fast foods, the prevalence of consumption of sweets is much higher in the adolescent
population. And most

CAN CELIAC DISEASES BE A CAUSE OF DEPRESSION

G Preethi; Dr. Keerthi Sasanka; Dr. Dinesh Premavathy; Dr. Padma Ariga

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 270-275

Aim: The aim of this study is to do a review on celiac diseases and the interlink between celiac diseases and depression.
Introduction: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease which is triggered due to the exposure of dietary gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Often, celiac disease can be associated with depression and many other health disorders. Previous studies have shown that a lifetime depressive symptoms can occur in one third of the celiac patients. Celiac disease can develop at any age. Since celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder, it is associated with other autoimmune disorders. If left untreated, celiac disease can lead to additional serious health problems. Celiac diseases can be treated by natural methods like consuming gluten free food, healing of intestines with aloe vera , paprika, dietary supplements, nutrients etc. The main therapeutic intervention of celiac disease is a gluten-free diet but however now the dietary agents are under active investigation.
Methods : The present study has collected various articles related to the current topic from various internet sources such as PubMed, Google Scholar, PMC, etc..The articles were reviewed between the period 2000 to 2020.
Conclusion: Thus healthcare professionals need to be aware of these ongoing psychological burdens of celiac disease and support patience and recommend a gluten-free diet. This study emphasises whether celiac disease is associated with depression.

A SURVEY ON THE EMOTIONAL AND ANXIETY LEVELS DURING POST VACATION PERIOD AMONG HOME SICKNESS INDUCED COLLEGE STUDENTS

Deepika. R; G. Sridevi; A.K. Anjali

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 501-517

Homesickness is the mental and physical distress caused by the anticipated separation of students from their families. This homesickness may lead to depression, stress, and other psychological problems. The objective of this study is to observe the post-vacation mental state of the students who have been suffering from homesickness in the hostel. In this study, a standardized tool that measures the level of anxiety of the students was used. A questionnaire DASS-21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale), containing 21 questions was used which was circulated among 100 -1st-year dental students of Saveetha Dental College who were affected by homesickness. Data collection was done through the administration of Google forms and the data were analyzed in SPSS version-15 using cumulative frequency and percentage analysis. The results of the study showed that the post-vacation period had considerable changes in the student population. The students developed a feeling of positivity, had good energy levels and they were not stressed and anxious and felt enthusiastic during the post-vacation period. Thus the present study concludes that physical and mental stress disorders can only be reduced by spending time with family and home place.

Depression in Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Determinants and Extent in Al-Nasiriyah, Across sectional study

Alaa Hussein Ali Al Nasir

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 35-43

Background: at a global level and among child bearing age women, the first leading disease burden cause is the depression. Nationally, scarce published data was related to the depression prevalence among pregnant especially with hyperemesis gravidarum women. Aim: to assess the depression extent among hyperemesis gravidarum pregnant Thi-Qarnian women. Methodology: A cross sectional, hospital based, analytical study was carried out in two teaching hospitals (Bent Al Huda and Al Habobi teaching hospitals) in from first week of September /2015 to end of July 2016. All attendants sufferer pregnant from HG to the obstetric outpatients included in this study. Based on previous Iraqi study (37.2%) for of depressive symptoms prevalence in pregnant women sample size had been calculated such prevalence rate with precision of 5%, confidence level of 95%, and added extra sample of 10%, to reach to 322. Beck depression inventory-II (Arabic version) (BDI –II score of > 20 depression was considered) had been used as a specialized questionnaire designed for the achieve the aim of the study. SPSS version 23 had been used for data analysis, P

PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF LOCKDOWN AMONG STUDENTS

Shifa Jawahar Ali; Gifrina Jayaraj

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 686-696

Schools and colleges are closed to practice social distancing to reduce the spread of the coronavirus disease. Although online classes are being conducted, some teachers have reported that they do not find the online classes as effective as the real classroom. In online classes, there is reduced student interaction, lack of realistic experience and absence of community feeling. The lockdown is generally considered to have more negative psychological effects due to financial loss, inadequate supplies and fear of life. A cross sectional survey was conducted among students to study the psychosocial impact of lockdown among students.The study population in the study are the students with a sample size of 200. The questionnaire consisted of 31 questions divided into three parts and was shared to students using online survey platform. 17.5% of the students felt that they could communicate to friends the same way as that of regular class, 53.5% did not and 29% partially felt so. 57% of the students felt anxious that their studies are affected during this lockdown, 21.5% did not feel anxious and 21.5% partially felt anxious. Most of the students are showing some symptoms of depression due to the closed schools and colleges and social distancing as a result of lockdown. Hence teachers have to handle them differently after the lockdown ends