Keywords : Genomics
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4543-4561
Abiotic stress is one of the major factors which affect the growth and yield of
crops. This is due to several imbalances which occur at the plants molecular, cellular and
developmental levels during stress conditions. Due to these disturbances in plants, the
defence mechanism gets activated in response of stress and the detection of these changes
is possible because of computational biology that facilitate the multi-target approach.
However, with the advancement of omics technology plants are seen to acclimatize
themselves by modulating at the genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics. In this review, all
the molecular changes of plants under stress is discussed and the new insights which are
obtained from the integration of omics are highlighted.