Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : patient

A Study on Public Perception of Pathology; “Behind the Paraffin Curtain’’

Rajatha Anand, Dhanashree Akshatha HS, Chaitra H, Geetha JP

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1410-1415

Introduction:  Pathologists have always been an integral part of the healthcare system striving to deliver quality care to patients. However, the speciality has mostly become invisible, with only certain clinical specialities receiving attention from the public population. Objectives:  To analyse the public perception of Pathology and Pathologists among the general population. Material and Methods: In our survey with 150 respondents, the questionnaire used was developed and approved by Manitoba Research Ethics Board, USA. We used Pearson’s chi square test to evaluate the association between correct responses and if respondent had undergone the procedure. Two-sided p values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Pathology was identified as a medical speciality by only 4.7%. Only 9.3% of the particiapants recognised that it would take more than 8 years to become a Pathologist. The most commonly undertaken test with the identified specialists were Pap test (gynaecologist), breast biopsies or surgical excisions (surgeons / oncosurgeons), blood tests (medical laboratory technicians). For the participants who underwent pap test/biopsy p value and chi-square test were applied, which was statistically significant [< 0.05]. Conclusion: Implementing pathologist-patient interaction would definitely help patients understand their disease, help them make more informed decisions, and also provide an opportunity to change our image as a speciality


Visu P; Smitha P S; Muruganathan V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1037-1045

Diagnosis is an area of utmost importance in medical treatment. A person can be cured only when the doctor properly diagnoses the disease and gives the appropriate treatment. However, wrong diagnosis, wrong treatment even when the disease is correctly diagnosed, and wrong treatment can cause side effects and delay the cure. Sometimes it can be life-threatening. It is important for us to know how allopathic doctors, who are now called modern doctors, diagnose disease. They first note down the patient's complaints in order. In this paper, an innovation development of disease identification was proposed using medical deep learning model. The complete and correct information they can provide helps in proper diagnosis. Only after that the doctors examine the patient's body. Testing is not just about checking pulse and blood pressure. All body parts will be examined like abdomen, nervous system-brain function, muscle, skeletal system. Urinary tract and sexual organs will also be examined by the appropriate doctor. Thus, after doing a full body examination, they find out what the patient is suffering from.

Assessment of the Knowledge regarding autism in the patient attending in the primary healthcare in Makkah City at Saudi Arabia 2022

Maram Taher Alghabbashi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 4546-4565

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by two key features: a combination of impairments in social interaction and social communication, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. Primary healthcare (PHC) are frequently a first point of contact for patients with ASD symptoms and play a crucial role in early diagnosis. Mention that early intervention is required to ensure that patients with ASD receive the proper education. ASD is a lifelong condition that affects patients. There are gaps in our understanding of how people with autism interact with healthcare professionals. Relevant studies have identified issues such as complexity that goes beyond the scope of the typical role, a lack of knowledge and resources, a lack of training or prior experience, communication and collaboration, the need for information and training, the need for care coordination and systemic changes, but no studies have looked at the knowledge levels of PHC patients in Saudi Arabia. Aim of the study: To Assessment of the Knowledge regarding autism in the patient attending in the primary healthcare in Makkah City at Saudi Arabia 2022. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted, in October -November 2022, among 200 patients attending in the primary healthcare in Makkah City, a written questionnaire was developed based on a literature review. The questionnaire tool consists of questions that test respondents' understanding of the causes of autism spectrum disease, the characteristics of autistic patients, the needs and abilities of autistic people, and the needs and abilities of autistic people themselves. Result: In terms of marital status, the majority of participants were married (59.0%), in terms of education, the majority of participants had a secondary education (31.0%), in terms of occupation, the majority of participants worked for the government (35.0%), and in terms of primary health care, the majority of participants went to private practices (48.0%). The majority of the participants were in the age group of 25-35 years old, and the majority of the participants were females (51% versus 49%).


Ellisa Dwijayanti, Isti Suharjanti

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4710-4712

Background: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common form of median nerve neuropathy and about 90% of all types of neuropathy. This syndrome is also one of the most common hand disorders associated with work.This study aimed to demonstrate the epidemiological characteristics in patients treated for carpal tunnel syndrome in a general hospital.
Objective:To report clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with CTS in outpatient care unit of a general hospital.
Methods:This is a retrospective study. All patients who were treated in outpatient care unit in January-September 2021.
Results: We obtained data from 44 patients in outpatient care unit. The ratio of men and women was 1:3.4. The mean of age was 49 years old.Bilateral manifestation is more common than unilateral (59.1%).
Conclusion: Female with bilateral symptoms of median nerve neuropathy was the most common characteristic in CTS patient’s profile.

Self-Management for Patients in the Treatment Program of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia

Pius Selasa; Israfil .; Margaretha Teli

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2882-2889

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (Pulmonary TB) is a type of chronic infectious disease that threatens public health. Self-management is a form of patient self-control in the treatment and cure of TB disease.
The aim of the study was to see the self-management of patients in the pulmonary TB treatment program from the aspects of patient interaction with health care facilities and patient compliance in taking TB drugs in Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia.
Non-experimental research design with cross sectional design. The number of samples was 246 TB patients. Sampling with cluster sampling technique. Data were collected directly on patients and study documentation of patient care in public health centers. Data were analyzed descriptively and correlated using the Spearman rho test (α <0.05)
The results showed the interaction of patients with health care facilities; good 38.2%, good enough 56.6%, not good 5.3%. Patient adherence to ingesting TB drugs; obedient 88.6%, non-compliant 11.4%. Correlation test of patient characteristics on interactions with health care facilities; age 0.07, gender 0.24, education 0.01, TB treatment stage 0.76, distance from home to public health center 0.00. Correlation of patient characteristics with adherence in ingesting TB drugs: age 0.76, gender 0.62, education level 0.55, TB treatment stage 0.00, distance from home to public health center 0.02.
Conclusion Self-management of patients in the TB treatment program from the aspect of patient interaction with health care facilities is quite good, patient adherence to ingesting TB drugs is adherent. Factors related to self-management of patients are the level of education, the stage of TB treatment, and the distance from the house to the health care facility.

Determinant Factors Related to Relapse of Schizoprenic Patients at the Islamic Mental Hospital

MahyarSuara .; Sandeep Poddar; Roy Rillera Marzo

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 129-139

Background: During the last century, there has been a high increase in health problems in the world, including Indonesia, one of it is mental health. The actual prevalence of mental health disorders worldwide remains poorly understood. Mental health is very much underreported, and under-diagnosed.
The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with schizophrenia relapse of patients at the Islamic Mental Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Settings and Design
The research method with a quantitative approach was performed with a total sample comprisedof 150 respondents using primary data.
Material and Methods
The data collection method used was library research, field research (observation), and questionnaire research design through a cross-sectional approach.
Statistical Analysis
Univariate analysis process (frequency distribution) and Bivariate analysis with the Chi-square test and multi-variate with path analysis was used in this study
Based on the results of the validity of the instrument, the variable of compliance for taking medication (X1), Stress variable (X2), Drug Abuse variable (X3), the Psychology variable (X4), the variable of Emotional Expression (X5), Relapse among schizophrenic patients (Y) was considered. The results revealed that the correlation of the adherence to the antipsychotic drugs consumption (X1), stress level (X2), and psychological response (X4) to the relapse in schizophrenia patients (Z) is acceptable, whereas the strongest or dominant correlation is the stress factor (X2).
The results of this study can provide a plan for schizophrenic patients in the country. Since schizophrenic patients need medication and treatment for a long time, the researchers recommend for the government to provide medical assistance.

Serum Uric Acid Level and Severity of Ischemic Stroke

Aparna P. Patange; Kapale R.J.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 86-89

A stroke is the third most common cause of death and the fourth most common cause of infection. Stroke is characterized by the WHO as a clinical condition involving the rapid development of clinical indications of a central aggravation of cerebral capacity lasting more than 24 hours or causing death without a clear reason other than a vascular source. In the present study, a large part of the cases of intense ischemic stroke were found among the males. In the present study, mean cholesterol values, triglyceride values are directly proportional to the severity of the ischemic stroke, among the study subjects. In the present study, 8% cases died, while 92% discharged at home. The current study proved the association of serum uric acid levels with the severity of the acute ischemic stroke.