Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Pain


The Effectiveness of Dry Cupping and Hot Pack in Pain Relief and Reduce Functional Disability on Non-specific Low Back Pain

Azira Iqlima Razali, Bsc; Lee Ai Choo, PhD

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 2796-2810

The objective of this study was to identify the effectiveness of dry cupping and hot pack on pain relief and reduce functional disability for patients with non-specific low back pain. A total of 39 patients with non-specific low back pain from Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were chosen as participants using purposive sampling methods. The participants were randomly assigned equally (N=13) into dry cupping group, hot pack group and control group. Dry cupping group received a session of treatment in a week, hot pack group received twice a week of treatment session and control group had no treatment, but the participants were allowed to continue their previous treatment. Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) was used to measure pain intensity and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was used to measure functional disability before and after the intervention for all three groups. Data was analyzed using one-way ANOVA with significant level was predetermined at p<0.025 prior to study. The study findings indicated that both dry cupping group and hot pack group showed significant improvement on pain relief (p=0.001) and functional disability (p=0.001) after completing the interventions when compared to control group. Therefore, both dry cupping and hot pack were found to be effective interventions for pain relief and reduce functional disability among patients with non-specific low back pain. Health professional practice are suggested to include dry cupping therapy as another choice of treatment in treating patients with non-specific low back pain.

ORTHODONTICS AND TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDERS

.Dr.K.C. Subhiksha; Dr. Gnanashanmugam; Dr. Kannan Sabapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1732-1736

Temporomandibular disorders are considered as the main source of pain in the head and neck region which is of non- dental in origin. Its etiology is multifactorial and its pathogenesis has not been completely understood. The interest in the relationship between occlusal factors, orthodontic treatment and TMD has increased over the years. Hence the aim of this article is to review ten association of TMD and orthodontics from the available literature.

TO THE ISSUE OF MEDICATION THERAPY OF CHRONIC PAIN SYNDROME IN PATIENTS WITH TERMINAL RENAL INSUFFICIENCY RECEIVING THERAPY FOR CHRONIC HAEMODIALYSIS

Javokhir Khalmukhamedov; Botir Daminov; Yorqin Rasulev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2401-2409

A growing number of publications in the literature show that chronic pain is
also characteristic of patients with terminal renal failure (TRF). The disease tends to be
moderate or severe and affects virtually all aspects of health and quality of life.
Unfortunately, there is a lack of clinical and research focus in nephrology, and TAPN pain
is poorly understood. The article reflects the main aspects of the problem of pain
medication therapy for patients with terminal renal insufficiency receiving chronic
hemodialysis. The main pathophysiological mechanisms of medication influence on kidney
structures are described.

Postural Assessment Of Rural Water Fetcher Using Ergonomics

Sonali P. Patil; Keshav K. Sangle

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 427-433

REBA and RULA Ergonomic tools are used for evaluation and ergonomic assessment while carrying, handling, lifting and shifting the load. For evaluation of complex manual water fetching activities a RULA and REBA ergonomic tool is used .In this study of water fetching activities maximum women from rural area were participated. Based on this ergonomic tool observation, water fetching activities of women while water fetching, video recordings and photographs were taken. The reviewed literature, postural activity guidelines are proposed for summarizing analysis of water fetching women’s activity and discomfort has been reported. The basic aim of water fetching study is to make assessment of the level of exposure of ergonomics in various water fetching activities. Another objective of the water fetching activities is to find the level of exposure and musculoskeletal disorders in different body segment and gives the corrective steps to reduce the health risk in the water fetching activity.

The Role of Pulsed Radiofrequency for Greater and Lesser Occipital Nerves in the Treatment for Migraine

Rida Alkaabi; Haider Shafi Hussein

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 104-109

Background: Migraine pain is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Objective: To evaluate the effect of noninvasive pulsed radio frequency (pulsed RF) in Migraine. Methods: In a prospective study of the intervention performed in adult population with Migraine (Diagnosed by specialists) carried on (30) patients undergone pulsed RF for greater and lesser occipital nerves to control recurrent migraine not responding to conventional treatment (resistant) in a period from Jan. 2017 to Jan 2019 in Al Safeer Hospital for surgical specialties and Alkafeel Hospital for surgical specialties both in Karbala / Iraq. The patients got in prone position under local anesthesia with goal positions with the target sites obvious out using anatomical breakthroughs and the position of greatest ache. Pulsed RF by RF needle to the affected side to reach greater and lesser occipital nerves then got 3 sessions (each for 3 minutes, temperature 42 C, voltage 42 V, resistance with 100 Ohms, Current with 230 mA) Patients monitored post-operatively for 2 hours then discharged. Follow up at intervals of 30 days, 6 months and 1 year by phone call or direct interview to assess the post procedure pain scale. Result: Significant pain relieve by means of no or little pain medication and actual life pattern change and performance in 1-year post procedure. Conclusion: A single trial of pulsed RF is effective for pain reliever.

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN FIRST DENTAL VISIT AND PAIN IN CHILDREN -A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

SarojiniRamyaPillay .; Jessy P; Remmiya Mary Varghese

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1587-1596

Oral health is a vital part of overall infant health.An early age between 6 months to 12 months dental visit is important in rendering prevention,intervention and parental counselling regarding oral health. Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual potential tissue damage according to internal association for the study of pain. Aim of the study is to assess the association between age of the first dental visit and pain in children. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using the patient records from the Department of pedodontic, Saveetha Dental College,visited from February 2019 to February 2020.The children with first dental visit without the past dental history were collected and from which whosoever first visit with chief complaint of pain data were gathered . The collected Data was then subjected to statistical analysis using spss version 20.0.Overall prevalence of chief complaint of pain during first visit was (96.5%). Among first dental visit with pain about 47.2 % was seen in the age of 6-8 years while the least was (14.0%) seen at the age of 11-13 years.The results proved that many parents were unaware about the right age of the child first dental visit.Most of the parents bought their children to the dentist after their child experienced or suffered from pain.There is a need to raise awareness about the importance of oral health care of their children sensitively at the budding stage of life