Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Plaque Index


Comparison of peri implant soft tissue and crystal bone status of dental implant placed in pre diabetic, diabetic and non-diabetic individuals

Dr. Pradnya Rajendra Khatavkar; Dr Krishna P Biswas; Dr Pritesh Gangde; Dr. Amit Kumar Mishra; Dr Rashmi Laddha; Dr Reshma Avhad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 875-879

Background: The present study was conducted to compare peri implant soft tissue and crystal bone status of dental implant placed in pre diabetic, diabetic and non diabetic individuals.
Materials & Methods: 60 patients were divided into 3 groups. Group I were pre diabetic (HbA1c 5.5 to 6.4%), group II were patients with poorly controlled type 2 DM (HbA1c ≥ 6.5%) and group III were healthy individuals (HbA1c < 5.7%). In all patients, peri-implant GI, PD and plaque index (PI) were measured.
Results: In group I, there were 12 males and 8 females, in group II were 10 males and 10 females and in group III, 9 males and 11 females. The mean plaque index in group I was 2.7 in group II was 3.1 and in group III was 0.5, gingival index was 2.9 in group I, 3.4 in group II and 0.6 in group III, probing depth was 4.1 in group I, 4.8 in group II and 1.2 in group III, crestal bone loss on mesial side was 3.6 mm in group I, 4.2 mm in group II and 0.7 mm in group III and crestal bone loss on distal side was 3.7 mm in group I, 4.0 mm in group II and 0.8 mm in group III. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Chronic hyperglycemia increases the risk of peri-implant diseases, there a good glycaemic control is necessary to prevent it.

Evaluation Of Oral Hygiene By Using Different Intraoral Cleaning Aids: A Comparative Study

Dr. Mohammad Shoyab Khan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4814-4820

Aim: Purpose of our study was analyse the status of oral hygiene in patients using various oral hygiene aids apart from normal mechanical tooth brushing.
Methodology: 40 patients were divided into groups of four with 10 individuals in each group. Control group where only regular tooth brushing was undertaken was compared with other groups where apart from regular tooth brushing, use of mouthwashes, tongue cleaners, as well as interdental aids were encouraged for 3 months and regular oral examinations were carried at 1-month intervals. Plaque index as well as gingival index scores were calculated for each patient and the data was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis as well as comparative analysis using SPSS 25.0.
Results: Significant difference was observed in plaque scores (p=0.04) after 3 months of usage of combined oral hygiene techniques and similar improved scores were observed in gingival index as less bleeding on probing was evident in the patients (p=0.043).
Conclusion: It was evident that combined adjunctive methods helped improve general oral health as well as prevented further occurrence of gingival as well as periodontal diseases.

Comparative evaluation of efficacy of sub-gingivally delivered 2% indigenously prepared curcumin gel and 1% commercially available hexigel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in chronic periodontitis patients : A split mouth randomized controlled clinical trial.

Anupama Desai; Harish Kumar; Roquaiya Nishat; Shivanand Aspalli; Nagappa. G; YAnand Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5299-5312

Aim: To evaluate and compare the clinical efficacy of subgingivally delivered curcumin gel and hexigel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in chronic periodontitis patients.
Materials and method:A total of 12 subjects of age 18-55years were randomly selected for the study from the Out Patient Department. A total of 36 sites with pocket depths ≥5 mm were chosen as a split mouth design at three different sites in the same patient. After scaling and root planning, in Group I -2% curcumin gel, in Group II- Chlorhexidinegel(Hexigel ) and in Group III-placebo gel (control)was placed sub-gingivally. Clinical parameters such as gingival index and plaque index were recorded at baseline, 7 days and 21 days. Pocket depth was checked at baseline, 21 and 45 days.
Results:All the groups showed statistically significant reduction in gingival, plaque indices and pocket depth. Group I(curcumin)as a local delivery agent showedcomparable results in terms of pocket depth reduction as group II (Hexigel).
Conclusion:Curcumin gel showed effective results and thus, can be used as an alternate to chlorhexidine gel in management of chronic periodontitis patient without any side effects

Comparison Of Peri Implant Soft Tissue And Crystal Bone Status Of Dental Implant Placed In Pre Diabetic, Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Individuals

Dr. Pradnya Rajendra Khatavkar; Dr Krishna P Biswas; Dr Pritesh Gangde; Dr. Amit Kumar Mishra; Dr Rashmi Laddha; Dr Reshma Avhad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6936-6940

Background: The present study was conducted to compare peri implant soft tissue and crystal bone status of dental implant placed in pre diabetic, diabetic and non diabetic individuals.
Materials & Methods: 60 patients were divided into 3 groups. Group I were pre diabetic (HbA1c 5.5 to 6.4%), group II were patients with poorly controlled type 2 DM (HbA1c ≥ 6.5%) and group III were healthy individuals (HbA1c < 5.7%). In all patients, peri-implant GI, PD and plaque index (PI) were measured.
Results: In group I, there were 12 males and 8 females, in group II were 10 males and 10 females and in group III, 9 males and 11 females. The mean plaque index in group I was 2.7 in group II was 3.1 and in group III was 0.5, gingival index was 2.9 in group I, 3.4 in group II and 0.6 in group III, probing depth was 4.1 in group I, 4.8 in group II and 1.2 in group III, crestal bone loss on mesial side was 3.6 mm in group I, 4.2 mm in group II and 0.7 mm in group III and crestal bone loss on distal side was 3.7 mm in group I, 4.0 mm in group II and 0.8 mm in group III. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Chronic hyperglycemia increases the risk of peri-implant diseases, there a good glycaemic control is necessary to prevent it.