Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Cardiovascular disease


Knowledge And Perception About Diabetic Retinopathy In Ischemic Heart Disease In Practicing Physicians -An Original Research

Dr Kirthi Raj, Dr. Vishal Bhalerao, Dr. Kanniyan Binub, Dr. Anil Managutti, Dr. Heena Dixit Tiwari, Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 10913-10919

Aim: The purpose of the present research was to assess the knowledge as well as
perception amongst various practicing physicians about diabetic retinopathy in
ischemic heart disease patients.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was designed to assess the knowledge, perception
amongst 209 practicing physicians. A self-administered questionnaire about
demographic and professional data, knowledge regarding Diabetic retinopathy (DR),
and about attitudes and practices toward DR screening and management in
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients were distributed amongst participants.
Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted for the data obtained from the present
survey.
Results: A total of 141 physicians completed the questionnaire for a response rate of
67%. Nevertheless, only 36.9% taught their patients abouthow to detect complications
early in CVD patients. The overall mean knowledge score was 1.23±0.67 for males and
1.98±1.11for females p = 0.260.
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine
ISSN 2515-8260 Volume 9, Issue 3, Winter 2022
10914
Conclusion: It is important for DR to be detected in a timely manner in CVD patients
by the physicians that will allow early treatment and prevention of visual loss.

Serum Uric Acid Level in Predicting Outcome in Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Study from North India

Dr. P S Nayyer, Dr.Harinder Kumar, Dr.Atindra Narayan, Dr.Niraj Kumar, Dr. Rajesh Ranjan,Dr. Amit Johari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 2575-2581

Background: In India, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of morbidity and
mortality. According to recent trends, this group of disorders has expanded to younger
age groups as well. Cardiovascular illnesses are on the rise in India, affecting both men
and women in both urban and rural areas. The objective of this study was to analyse
serum uric acid levels correlate these values with Killip class in patients of acute MI.
Materials and Methods: Study was prospective type conducted at Dr. Baba
SahebAmbedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi from September
2016 to August 2017. A total of 100 patients of acute MI admitted to the ICCU, falling
into inclusion criteria were enrolled. Information was collected through a pre tested
and structured proforma for each patient. Also, physical examination and laboratory
investigation with special reference to Killip classification of heart failure was carried
out. During data analysis, a p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Mean age of population 54.77 years. This study population had male
predominance (69.0%). In our study out of 100 patients 85 (85%) patients were STEMI
and 15 (15%) patients were NSTEMI. Mean uric acid on day 7 in patients with Killip
class I was 4.72 mg/dl and subjects with Killip class II was 6.62 mg/dl. In multivariate
logistics regression no factors were significantly affecting mortality after adjusting for
confounding factors.
Conclusion: From our study, we conclude that serum uric acid levels are correlated
with Killip class and patients with higher Killip class have higher serum uric acid levels
in acute myocardial infraction.

Assessment of the profile of CAD patients: An observational study

Vivek Vilas Manade; Dr. S. K. Malani; C. Sridevi; Rajendra Patil; Shilpi Lahoty

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 7125-7129

Background:Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and its complications account for approximately 12 million deaths annually in the Indian subcontinent. Hence; the present study was undertaken for assessing the profile of CAD patients. Materials & methods:A total 50 cases of CAD in young patients [age < or = 40 years] were studied. The cases were taken from medical, surgical, cardiology OPD, wards & ICU. The study population was a mix of urban and rural population. Both males and females were included in our study. The history of each patient was noted in detail and a thorough clinical examination was performed. Relevant investigations were performed in individual
case. Each patient was followed up until discharge and the final Outcome was noted – complications / recovery / death. Data analysis was done with the help of experts.

A REVIEW STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG COVID-19 AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Dr. Sankaralingam P; Dr. Vijaya Suriya R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5678-5686

In the scenery for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), the early data has indicated a decline in presentation and an improvement in pre-hospital latency for acute patients with stroke or AMI,3,4 the condition in Michigan, but it is not clear how acute stroke and AMI (COVID-18) should be administered and how these are treated. In reported cases and deaths, COVID-19 has had a disproportionate effect on Black Americans. Blacks make up about 14 percent of the population in Michigan but 19 percent of cases of COVID–19 and 36% of the deaths by October 22, 2020.5 The rise in the incidence of pre-hospital delay among Black Americans which further worsen established racial disorders6 compared with their white counterparts. We wanted to use a quick appraisal methodology in order to advise existing and prospective public health camps, both locally and globally, because of the pressing repercussions for clinical and public health.