Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Determinants

Prevalence and Determinants of nosocomial inflections among patients in ventilator in a Tertiary Care Hospital at Makkah Al-mukarramh 2022

Mohammed Hasan Alsharif, Esraa Abbas Bokhari, Anwar Rashad Hakeem, Rahaf yaseen Almutawa, Imtinan Abdullah Alhazmi, Raniyah Abdulrahim Alsiyami, Sohaib Osama Baarimah, Bashayer Saad Altowerqy, Ataa Fouad Mesbah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 398-413

Nosocomial infections or healthcare-acquired infections are a common cause of increased morbidity and mortality among hospitals patients. Patients are at an increased risk for these infections due to their health states. Considering these adverse effects on and the socioeconomic burden, efforts should be made to minimize the transmission of these infections and make the hospitals a safer environment. These infection rates can be significantly reduced by the implementing and improving compliance with the “care bundles.” the common nosocomial infections such as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), and surgical site infections (SSI).ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit (ICU). It is a pulmonary infection that occurs after at least 48 hours of intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV), and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The incidence of VAP ranges from 10% to 65% of intubated patients depending on the risk factors. This study aimed: To assess prevalence and determinants for nosocomial inflections (NI) among patients in ventilator at Makkah Al-mukarramh hospital Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross -sectional research design was carried out between Feb 2021 to May 2021 included 300 of patients in ventilator, who were randomly selected from hospitals. A structured questionnaire and observation checklist was used for data collection.  using 3part Questionnaire and analyzed via SPSS v24 software. Chi-square test was run to analyses associations between socio-demographic data. Results: The distribution of pathogens is demonstrated, level of education, monthly income, hospital stays, BMI, chronic Medical conditions show that a significant relation between Nosocomial infection and Chronic Medical conditions were P-value=0.000 Conclusion: The study's found that prevalence of nosocomial inflections among patients in ventilator in a Tertiary Care Hospital . Therefore careful disinfection and strict procedures of nosocomial inflections are necessary in places that serve nosocomial inflections patient. Moreover, a vision for the improvement of reports and studies in hospitals to report the rate of the nosocomial inflections, hence, there is a need to raise awareness as well as training on nosocomial inflections among patients in ventilator

Assessment of Prevalence and Determinants of Anaemia among Infants attending well-baby clinic at Primary Health Care Centers, Makkah Al-Mokarramah, 2021

Mohammed mansour alqurashi, Aliaa Lutfe Hennawe, Mohammad Ali Siddiq

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 3325-3344

Anemia is defined as a hemoglobin concentration of less than 11 g/dL in children. Anemia was found to be prevalent in 56.6 percent of the population. The significant prevalence of anemia shows that it might be a contributing factor in hospitalization, especially given the short length of stay and the likelihood that the patient was anemic at the time of enrollment. According to the World Health Organization, Iron Deficiency Anemia is a global dietary problem. At least one third of the population has been anemic at some point in their lives. Since children are more susceptible to anemia, this is particularly crucial. It could be attributed to the patients' poor overall dietary condition, including their microelement intake. Increased penetration of supplements and fortifying programs, as well as other measures aimed at preventing and controlling anemia, are strongly advised.  Anemia is a global problem that can affect the neurodevelopment and behaviour of infants. A study shows that 52% of infants attending well-baby clinics in Saudi Arabia had iron deficiency anaemia. Aim of the study: To assessment of Prevalence and Determinants of Anaemia among Infants attending well-baby clinic at Primary Health Care Centres, Makkah Al-Mokarramah, 2021.Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Makkah Al-Mokarramah primary healthcare centers (Al-Ka’akyah) in January, 2021. Infants who visited the well-baby clinic for vaccination/routine follow-up were selected through convenience sampling technique. A questionnaire filled out by the researcher through an interview with the mother of infants was utilized for data collection. Results. Ninety-nine ( 1 year old) infants have included in the study wherein males represent 54.5% of them . All were of Saudi- nationality and majority of them (94.9%) live with both parents. Slightly more than one-quarter of them (27.3%) were first birth order. More than three-fourth (83.8%) had weight of >3 kg. For their respective mothers, all (99%) except one were Saudis, having the age to range between 23 and 45 years with a mean of 28.8 years (SD=3.7). Conclusion. This study provides evidence of a gap in assessment to anaemia is a common problem among infants aged one year in Makkah Al-Mokarramah as it affects almost one-quarter of them also iron deficiency anemia(IDA) is still the most prevalent type of anemia; however, it was found in only 6.3% participants

Impact Of Compensation Management Practices On Employee Job Performance In It Sector: An Empirical Study Of Pune City

Dr.T.Narayana Reddy; Mr.Kathari Santosh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1769-1776

This paper aims to explore the composition of “Job Performance” for employees in IT Industry of Pune city.The paper applies data reduction using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) on a sample of 273 respondents and reduces a set of 13compensation management practices determinants into a list of three comprehensible factors.The present study investigate the impact of compensation management practices determinants on the employee job performance.The study found that remuneration, identification and recreational facilities are impacting significantly the employee job performance. Therefore, IT Companies should focus on the above factors to provide enrich employee job performance.

Rising Trend Of Caesarean Section: Review On The Determinants Of Cesarean Section Deliveries

Dr. Rajeesh C Sarngadharan; KR Vandana; KT Nandu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5904-5909

Ensuring safe pregnancy and child birth is an important component of Reproductive and Child Health initiatives, in this scenario, there has been a concern over the rising cesarean rates over the world. Cesarean section is the surgical intervention in child birth in case of serious delivery complications for saving the life of mother and child. Over the last decades, consistent increase is observed in the rate of cesarean section deliveries in most of the developed countries and in many developing countries including India. The determinants contributing high CS rates are multifactorial and not well understood.


Ayman Ibrahim Mzjaji, Jalal Ibrahim Mzjaji, Hossam Hassan Esawi, Ahmad Huwaymid Alowfi, Sultan A. Alhazmi, Suhaib Talal Alsulimani, Salman Fudlaldeen Jan, Turki Moghli Alaslani, Fahad Salem Alsolami

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 150-161

Psychiatric disorders in Saudi Arabia, mainly depression are estimated to have high prevalence. More than 6 decades ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as “a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Bircher, 2005 defined health as “a dynamic state of well-being characterized by a physical and mental potential, which satisfies the demands of life commensurate with age, culture, and personal responsibility”. Health has been defined by various authors, who have always emphasized its mental component.In recent years, there has been a sharp increase in the number of older persons worldwide. Globally, more than 350 million people of all ages suffer from depression. Elderly persons are more vulnerable to depression. By the year 2020 depression would be the second major cause of disability adjusted life years lost, as reported by the World Health Organization. depressive symptoms are common among older people and are associated with disability, morbidity and mortality. Depression is a mental illness which causes persistent low mood, a sense of despair, and has multiple risk factors.
 Aim of the study: To assessment the determinant and prevalence of depression among elderly attendees in primary health Care center in Makkah Al-Mukarramah.
Methods:Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly patients attending to clinic in PHC at Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the October to December, 2019, validated questionnaires concerning demographic data and knowledge scores on depression among elderly. Our total participants were (400). Results:show that the Family history of depression (70.0%) is the most common clinical variables also show that of the(45.0%) participants have negative depression , (23.0%) have moderate depression,  and the data ranged from(0to 16)by mean+ SD (7.254+2.88).
Conclusion:Depression is associated with a deficiency in the cognitive state, with familial partner risk being an influential factor that may be preventable. Depression constitutes a health problem among Saudi geriatrics in in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, especially among elderly, those having history of chronic diseases and those having sensory impairment. These results provide insight for all health care workers caring for the elderly, researchers in the field of Geriatrics, and health educators into the particular care needs of elderly patients in Makkah, KSA.