Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : TB

Clinical profile of patients undergoing fiber optic bronchoscopy

Dr. Vijaya Kumar, Dr. Siddartha S Angadi, Dr. Praveen Kumar, Dr. Vishwantha Malkappa Jalawadi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 12019-12023

The flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope has continued to evolve since its introduction. The average adult bronchoscope has an external diameter of 4 to 6 mm and a typical viewing radius of 1200.The working channel for introduction of accessory instruments or suction is typically 1 to 3 mm in diameter. Ultrathin bronchoscopes for the evaluation of small distal airways are now available and have an external diameter of 2.7 mm. The source of data for the study was from the patients attending Department of respiratory medicine both out patients and in patients. Analysis of symptoms among patients, showed that cough was the most common symptom occurring in 45 patients (90%) and hemoptysis occurred in 10 patients (36%). Shortness of breath, fever and chest pain were seen in decreasing frequency in that order in 32 (64%) 30 (60%), 4(8%) respectively. With the use of Chi square test, we found that EBUS TBNA had sensitivity 88.88%, specificity 87.75%. Positive predictive value 57.11% and negative predictive value 97.72% for malignant cytology

Detection Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (Rsv) At Birth In A Newborn With Respiratory Distress

Popuri Naga Jyothi; Jagadeeshwari .; Sundari. S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6030-6035

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common respiratory pathogen in infants and young children. From the nasopharyngeal or conjunctival mucosa of infected individuals, RSV spreads to the lower respiratory tract causing acute bronchiolitis and pneumonia after an incubation period of 4 to 6 days. In addition to its well-documented tropism for the airway epithelium, it has been shown previously that RSV can also spread hematogenously and efficiently infect extrapulmonarytissues of human hosts. Furthermore, it has been shown in animal models that RSV can spread transplacentally from the respiratory tract of a pregnant mother to the lungs of the fetus. This report describes a documented case of neonatal RSV infection strongly suggestive of prenatal transmission of this infection in humans from an infected mother to her offspring.