Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Ankle Brachial Index

Correlation of ankle brachial index and intima wall thickness in symptomatic peripheral vascular disease patients

Dr. Ashwathi K Thomas, Dr. Priya Gaddgi Modi, Dr. Rajan, Dr. Rakesh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 4783-4787

Peripheral vascular disease is assessed by history of intermittent claudication pain of lower limbs. Colour Doppler study is a noninvasive technique which does not require any patient preparation or contrast study. It directly detects the stenotic segment by their waveform pattern. In this study we correlate ankle brachial pressure index with intima wall thickness using colour Doppler.
Methods: Around 60 patients were selected for the study. The selected patients were evaluated for detailed clinical history, ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) using colour doppler was then correlated with carotid intima wall thickness. The ABPI ratio was estimated in every patient by dividing the mean systolic blood pressure of brachial artery by systolic blood pressure of dorsalis pedis artery followed by Colour duplex ultrasound study.
Results: According to our study There is a weak positive correlation between Ankle Brachial Index and Mean Internal carotid Artery Wall Thickness (R2=0.041) and this association was not found to be statistically significant. (p value = 0.120)
Conclusion: According to our study, the ABI is an efficacious study to factor out PAD. An abnormal ABI can predict the duration and severity of the arterial disease with results similar to that of arterial Doppler. However, more studies are necessary for further confirmation and to establish the prognostic value of the ABI.

Effect of Cold Hot Water Soaking in the Feet on the Value of Ankle Brachial Index in Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Pratiwi Christa Simarmata; Dewi Elizadiani Suza; Rosina Tarigan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 1615-1621

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by an increase in blood sugar levels that cause vascular complications and circulatory disorders. Hot and cold water soaking in the feet can increase blood flow and blood vessel pumping. Objective: to assess the effect of hot and cold water soaking in the foot blood circulation in patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods: A quasi-experimental was conducted with pre-test and post-test approach with control. Respondents were 35 people per group by consecutive sampling. Data were analysed using Wilcoxon signed ranks test and the Mann Whitney Test. Result: there was a significant effect between the average value of Ankle Brachial Index before 0.823 (SD 0.025) and after treatment 0.95 (SD 0.95), p-value = 0.00. The mean difference was obtained p = 0.00, if the p value <0.05, there was a significant difference in the difference in the mean value. Conclusion: it was found that the leg blood circulation was getting better after the hot cold water soaking. It is recommended for nurses to make hot and cold water immersion into one of the independent nursing interventions in providing nursing care to diabetes mellitus patients.