Keywords : small intestine
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3571-3576
Introduction: The small intestine is susceptible to a broad range of lesions. Small intestinal specimens are received very frequently which are found to be non-neoplastic lesions like ileitis, inflammation, etc., and neoplastic lesions like polyps and carcinoma. Histopathological study along with clinical and radiological findings are required for proper diagnosis.
Materials and methods: This retrospective study of 46 cases was studied in the department of pathology of Saveetha medical College hospital between January 2019 to December 2019. The specimens were studied under H&E stains and special stains when required.
Result: Among the 46 cases, there were 41(89%) non-neoplastic lesions and 5 (10.7%) neoplastic lesions. They were mainly seen in the 4th and 5th decades with a male predominance of 1.9:1 ratio of male to female. Among the non-neoplastic lesions, chronic ileitis was the most common (21.9%) followed by ulceration with granulation tissue (14.6%) and chronic inflammation (12.1%). Among the neoplastic lesions, there were 4 benign (80%) and one malignant (20%).
Conclusion: Awareness and understanding of the various lesions occurring in the small intestine is necessary for better diagnosis. A detailed histopathological study along with the clinical and radiological findings is needed for accurate diagnosis and treatment.