Keywords : Colorectal lesions
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3585-3591
Colorectal disease accounts for a major portion of human diseases. A colonoscopic examination is an important tool in diagnosing and treatment of various colonic diseases. As the colonoscopic examination is not complete with a mucosal biopsy, histopathological examination plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis and stratification of treatment. This retrospective study was carried out in a tertiary care centre for 12 months. About 110 colorectal biopsies were received in the study period. The age group between 41-50 years was most commonly affected with a mean age of 43.2 yrs. In our study, we found that 46.36 % of cases were non-specific colitis, followed by inflammatory bowel disease in 15.45% with a male predominance. In our study ulcerative colitis was predominant among the inflammatory bowel disease. Though India has one-fourth of tuberculosis cases worldwide, we found that granulomatous colitis was seen in only 5.45 % cases and none were positive for acid-fast bacilli. As the histopathological pattern is not disease-specific, the correlation of clinical and pathological findings makes the diagnosis of colorectal diseases more accurate, and special stains aided in excluding infectious causes in other types of colitis.