Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Mental illness

Assessment of the stress, anxiety, and depression in students during COVID-19 pandemic

Dr Rajveer Basu, Dr Preeti Lahari, Kiran Lahari, Dr Jugvendra Lahari .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1835-1841

Background: shifting of the school classes to online format owing to social distancing
norms led to amplification of academic stress, independent learning pressure, dropouts,
everyday life abandonment, less study chance made researchers focus on assessing the
impact of coronavirus on the mental condition of the students. This requires prompt
intervention as stress can further increase in subjects adopting conventional coping
strategies and in subjects with pre-existing stressors.
Aim: The present study was conducted to assess stress, anxiety, and depression in subjects
at a defined geographical area to assess psychological needs in subjects dealing with
causal factors and the pandemic.
Methods: In 156 subjects, DASS 21 scale was used having 21 questionnaires that were
answered by the subjects themselves and were concerned about stress, anxiety, and
depression. The responses were recorded on a scale of 0 to 4 where 0 meant little time/none
and 3 meant most of the time. The responses were recorded based on symptoms severity in
the last week before answering the questionnaire. The interpretation of the DASS 21 scale
was divided into categories of normal, mild, moderate, severe, or very severe. The collected
data were subjected to statistical evaluation.
Results: For gender, only anxiety was statistically significant (p=0.01) which was higher in
females with the value of 1.72±0.993 compared to males with the value of 1.47±0.881. For
the age anxiety levels were significantly higher in subjects of age ≤ 20 years with 1.76±1.01
compared to ≥ 21 years with the value of 1.52±0.883 (p=0.02). For familial history also
significantly correlated to anxiety with p=0.004, whereas for depression and stress the pvalues
were 0.758 and 0.238 respectively and were non-significant. For family history, it
was significantly related to anxiety with a p-value of 0.12, whereas, it was non-significantly
related to depression and stress with respective p-values of 0.753 and 0.297. The
socioeconomic status was also significantly associated with anxiety with the low
socioeconomic group having a strong association having a p-value of 0.25.
Conclusion: The present study concludes that the depression, anxiety, and stress in
students during COVID-19 was seen ranging from mild to severe levels, whereas, majority
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine
ISSN 2515-8260 Volume 08, Issue 04, 2021
of the students showed normal levels of DASS. Also, positive family history of COVID-19
and family income was associated with increased depression, anxiety, and stress in the

The Emotional Instability Of A Victim- An Interpretation Of ‘Turtles All The Way Down’.

Merrin R S; Poonkodi. M

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2293-2306

and dives significant into the mind of the youngster Aza Holmes. Various things happen in Aza's life and the guideline point of convergence of the book is on her internal fight. We consume most of this story inside Aza's mind. Aza has a nearest buddy called Daisy. The story opens in the optional school cafeteria when Aza is experiencing a "Thought Spiral" as she calls it. Life is going on in the cafeteria as her buddy endeavours to partake in conversation; anyway Aza is trapped in her special contemplations. Aza is desolately lost supposedly and Daisy shares a sharp brain and a reverence for Applebee's. Daisy is overflowing with enthusiasm always and relationship, while Aza isn't. Aza and Daisy at the same time enhance and upset each other. The article below gives some idea about the emotional instability of a woman. All the difficulties and hardships that she has suffered in her life is portrayed and it is further analyzed on the basis of how the victim look for self identity. Society has not always stood for mentally disturbed people. Even though there are many associations and organizations for helping them, these people are still neglected by everyone. It is so rare that one gives a helping hand for people who are mentally not stable. Mental illness is common and widespread. It is not something that comes to only one person. Through this article, the emotional instability of a character named Aza is put forth and how she manages to live her life with all these things happening behind her mind is shown.

Relationship between Obesity and Mental Illness

Jhunilata Pradhan; Debashree Dey; Mamata Swain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1315-1322

Obesity is considered to contribute to a number of physical and mental problems. A convergence of adult obesity and rising morbidity and mortalité in men and women has been shown by many reports. Although the association between obesity and psychological wellbeing is well known. Obesity is commonly thought to be strongly related to certain behavioral disorders and can also be the source of overweight. Evidence for these views comes mainly from case reports, while large sample studies hasn't always supported these findings. Nevertheless, several findings have indicated that the chances of cardiovascular disease and death are directly linked to body mass index (BMI), however a rising research force researching psychological effects of obesity provides misleading outcomes. The physical health implications of obesity have been thoroughly reported. Most studies have shown that weight and psychological well-being are negatively related. The research paper is designed with the help of 200 young women interviewed with the help of a series of questionnaires to explore the relation between mental diseases and weight, particularly obesity.