Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : anxiety


The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Student Anxiety in Facing Final Projects during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Santi Wahyuni; Yanti Cahyati; Ida Rosdiana

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 2282-2294

The Covid-19 pandemic has had a wide impact on the community, including one of which is the learning process of students at the Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Tasikmalaya. The process of preparing the final project is one of the courses in the Nursing D III Study Program that can cause anxiety in students, especially coupled with pandemic conditions like today. Anxiety can have a negative influence on various aspects of life, one of which is the academic aspect. Every individual has a way of dealing with the anxiety they experience, including the anxiety experienced by students about the final project completion process. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-efficacy and student anxiety in completing final assignments. This study is a correlation study to determine the relationship between self-efficacy and student anxiety in completing final assignments. The research sample was 102 Level III students of the Tasikmalaya Nursing Study Program, Nursing Department of Poltekkes Kemenkes Tasikmalaya. This study uses measuring instruments in the form of a self-efficacy scale and an anxiety scale that the researcher compiled in the form of a Likert scale based on aspects of self-efficacy and anxiety components. Research analysis using the T-test. The results showed that most of the respondents had a level of self-efficacy high(75.5%). The average score of respondents' anxiety was 58.02 in the category of mild anxiety level. There is a difference in the average score of anxiety among respondents with a level of selfefficacy low and self-efficacy high(p-value 0.0005).

Effects of Buteyko Breathing Technique on Physiological and Psychological Parameters among University Football Players

Dr. Sarika Chaudhary; Sonakshi Khanna; Umesh Kumar Maurya; Dr. Shweta Shenoy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1790-1800

Background: A new conception is emerging by acknowledging that right breathing volume is elemental for good health, based on the devotional work of Russian scientist Konstantin Buteyko. Buteyko breathing technique (BBT) is committed to reduce pulmonary ventilation which raises the levels of carbon dioxide in the body. Thus, it increases oxygen delivery to the tissues and cells.
Objectives: To analyse the effectiveness of the Buteyko Breathing Technique on physiological and psychological parameters of football players.
Methodology: 40 male footballers were included in the study and randomly divided into two groups. Group A (n=20) received 6 weeks BBT (5 sessions/week) where as Group B (n=20) continued with regular training. Resting Heart Rate (RHR), Resting Blood Pressure (RBP), VO2max, Control Pause Test and Anxiety were measured at the beginning and after the completion of the protocol in both the groups.
Results: Paired t test revealed a significant decrease in RHR, and Anxiety by 5.76% and 12.4% respectively. Resting Systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased by 4.26% and 5% respectively, whereas massive improvement was seen in Control Pause by 134.2% and VO2max by 15.54% in Group A. No significant change was seen in group B. Conclusion: BBT was found to be useful technique to enhance endurance of the players as it
has showed a positive improvement in cardio respiratory parameters. This technique was also helpful in reducing anxiety

Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Disorders among Nursing College Students in Mosul University / Iraq

Shatha Abdul-Rahman H. Al-Ghurairi; Eman Salem Khaffaf

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 1270-1276

High levels of depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS) can adversely influence the academic and clinical performance of nursing students, psychological well-being, and physical health. Large numbers of studies have recognized the factors that related by depression, anxiety, and stress. The purpose of the study is to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress and their levels among undergraduate nursing students in the Mosul University /Mosul/ Iraq. A confidential questionnaire was done in this cross-sectional survey study which is carried out using a depression anxiety stress scale DASS reported by Lovibond and Lovibond (1995a) carried out from 22th of January- 20th of March 2020. Among 800 nursing students analyzed, the age distribution shows that (83%) and (67%) respectively in the third class in morning and evening courses are between age group 22-25 years, 84% and 87% are female in the third class with significant p values. About the prevalence of moderate stress (26%) of third and 25% of second class respectively of morning and evening courses and mild anxiety 26% and 28% respectively of morning and evening courses. Finally, moderate depression was seen among 24% of the fourth class of morning and 35% of second class evening courses. The DAS and their levels among learner nursing students in the Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq had a high prevalence in comparison with others. Prospect research can localize on the need to set up social and mental health screening and hold up services, such as psychotherapy centers in nursing colleges.

Assessment of anxiety and fear of getting infected among dentists while working in current corona virus disease outbreak- A study

Vidyut Prince; Ankita Bhargava; Lubna Nazneen; Ami Rawal; Raksha Thakur; Challagondla Bhargavi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 5263-5268

Background: Health care workers and dentists in particular are categorized as at high risk of catching Covid- 19 infection. The present study assessed anxiety and fear among dentists while working in current corona virus pandemic.
Materials & Methods: 150 dentists of both genders were provided with a questionnaire. Each positive response “Yes” was marked as “1” while “No” was marked with “0.” The frequency of the positive/negative responses was used to assess the dentists’ anxiety.
Results: Out of 150 subjects, males were 90 and females were 60. 70 were BDS, 80 were MDS, 50 were working in clinic, 60 in hospital and 40 in both, 95 were working in private sector and 55 in government sector. The anxiety of being infected with COVID-19 was seenin 67%, afraid of providing treatment for any patient was seen in 70%, anxious talking tothe patients in close proximity in 65%, afraid that you could carry the infection from your practice back to your family in 84%, feel anxious when you hear that one of your coworkers or colleagues has been infected with COVID-19 in 80% and 72% knew the illness problems associated with COVID-19 virus. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Dentists had anxiety and fear while working in Covid- 19 pandemic.

The Impact of LSSR Policy on the Anxiety Level of Undergraduate Students during COVID-19

Xindy Imey Pratiwi; Jayanti Dian Eka Sari; Bela Yuli Selfia; Ianatul Ulya Dewi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2178-2186

Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) is an infectious disease caused by the new corona virus and causes most sufferers to experience respiratory disease. The current situation of Covid-19 until December 15, 2020 is known to be 623,309 people in Indonesia who have been confirmed as infected Covid-19. As a result of the continuous increase in the number of confirmed Covid-19 cases, the government implemented a LSSR policy to prevent the spread of Covid-19. However, this policy is felt to have a negative impact on the education sector, especially for undergraduate students. This research was an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional method located in cities and districts in East Java Province and was conducted from August to November 2020. The population in this study were all final semester students domiciled in East Java in 2020 with the number a sample of 385 people. This study was conducted to determine the effect of LSSR policy on the level of anxiety of final semester students in East Java. This study found that there was a significant influence between the implementation of the LSSR policy and the level of student anxiety in the final semester in East Java that was positive. This means that if there is an increase in the effect of the implementation of the LSSR policy on respondents, the level of anxiety will also increase.

COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF EFFICACY OF INTRAVENOUS SEDATION REGIMENS IN DENTISTRY: AN ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Dr. A V Thomas Raja; Dr. Siva Kumar Pendyala; Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari; Dr. Sharnjot Kaur; Dr. Fida Qadri; Dr. Mohammed Ibrahim; Dr. Heena Tiwari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 3035-3041

Aim Purpose of our research was to compare and analyze the efficacy of sedation regimens frequently used in dentistry by intravenous approach.
Methodology A total of 50 patients were provided one of four treatments: placebo; midazolam provided (mean dose, 8.6 milligrams); fentanyl (1.4 micrograms/kilogram) plus midazolam to get similar amount of sedation (mean dose, 5.7 mg); or fentanyl (1.4 (μg/kg), midazolam (mean dose, 5.8 mg) and methohexital (mean dose, 61.0 mg) used in the surgery.
Results Each drug regimen decreased anxiety during surgery when compared with placebo, with the combination of midazolam, fentanyl and methohexital resulting in drastically less anxiety in as compared to other treatment groups. Pain felt by patients during surgery decreased significantly by the combination of fentanyl, midazolam and methohexital.
Conclusion It was observed that drugs and doses evaluated resulted in therapeutic benefit for patients undergoing dental procedures, with less possibility of potentially serious adverse effects

ASSESSMENT of IMPACT of COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE) on ADULT INDIAN POPULATION: A CROSS SECTIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE BASED SURVEY

Shweta Patel; Manindra Rajak; Kamini Khatak; Ranjana Patnaik; Diwakar Chauhan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 10-23

Background As the pandemic COVID-19 (due to novel Corona virus) is widely spreading across the globe, it is creating extensive fear, anxiety, apprehension and stress. These are all inevitable and growing reactions to the changing and uncertain situation in which all of us find ourselves. Objectives This study was carried out to assess the psychological impact of the novel, unprecedented situation arising due to pandemic in adult Indian population. Method The data was collected with self-reported questionnaire based survey. The survey was circulated in social media as Google form and participation was completely voluntary. Data was statistically analysed by using chi square test for the calculation of significance. Results The responders had moderate level of perceived stress and anxiety 71%; 63.1% were found to be above average in terms of wellness, 80% were reported to smoke/chew tobacco/consume alcohol and 98.1% were well aware of COVID-19 and seriously followed social distancing. Conclusion Since disruptive effect of COVID-19 social distancing is dominating our daily lives, it is important to maintain connection. Anxiety and fears of each and every individual should be acknowledged and better understood by other individuals, communities and caregivers.

PAIN PERCEPTION IN DIFFERENT INJECTION TECHNIQUES IN PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY: AN ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Dr. Arjun Sreenivas; Dr. Anju S Raj; Dr. Veronica Rose Puthenpurackal; Dr. Teena Haneef; Dr. Gadha R Pillai; Dr. Deepak Jose; Dr. Greeshma SG

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 3049-3055

Aim: To evaluate and compare the pain perception by the pediatric patients, while experiencing computerized injection device computerized syringe and the conventional injection technique during dental clinical procedures
Methodology: Forty children aged 10‑14 years requiring local anaesthesia on two sides of the dental arch were included in the study. The patients served as their own control, and on the appointed day through computerized injection technique local anesthesia was injected and on the second day, anesthesia was achieved with the help of traditional method. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and faces pain rating scale (FRS) were used to evaluate pain perception of pediatric patients. Along with this, various other physiological parameters were also taken into consideration.
Results: Paired t‑test discovered a statistically significant variance in the pain acuity in pediatric patients using VAS and FRS scales to compare amid computerized and conventional technique. No statistically significant difference was observed when physiological parameters (heart rate, blood pressure) were compared at various intervals
between the computerized and the conventional technique
Conclusion: Computerized controlled injection technique provides less painful injections when compared to the conventional injection technique.

Anxiety Studentstowards Closed And Open Form Assignments On Online E-Learning Medium In Associate Degree Of Midwiferymegarezky University Makassar

Amina Ahmad; Yusring Sanusi Baso; Saidah Syamsuddin; Burnahuddin Bahar; Muhammad Tamar; Jibril .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4932-4941

Giving assignments is one method that can motivate students to learn or train students' level of discipline and psychomotor. This study aims to identify the effect of giving closed and open forms of assignments on the online medium of E-Learning on the level of anxiety experienced by students in the Associate Degree of Midwifery of Megarezky University, Makassar.
This study used a Combination Method between research and development methods (Research and Development) with the Experiment Method. About 55 respondents chosen by the sampling technique. The assignment was given twice, including pre-and post-test.At pre-test, the open and closed assignments to develop the product model assignment in the Indonesia Online College application were given to the students. In Post-test, the data collected only using the Google Forms Hars Scale questionnaire instrument. This research was conducted at the Department of Midwifery, Megarezky University, Makassar in
November 2020. The data were analyzed using statistical tests using the Mann Whitney test.
The study found that the meanvalue of open assignments was 20.93, witha minimum value of 10 and a maximum value of 39. In closed assignments, the mean value was 30.98, with the minimum value was 13 and the maximum value was 48. Based on the Mann Whitney test analysis, the results of giving closed and open onlineassignments through e-learning mediareached a probability value Asymp Sig (2-tailed) 0.000 <0.005.
There was a significant influence between giving closed and open forms of assignments on students' anxiety in E-Learning online medium, such as using the Indonesia Kuliah Online application.

“McGurk Effect” in Pediatric Dental Practice - A review

Umamaheswari N. MDS; Saranyan. MDS; Jeyshree Mohan. MDS; Raj Mohan. MDS,Ph.D; Sharath Asokan. MDS, Ph.D; Thanga Kumaran. S MDS.Ph.D

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 1119-1128

Background: In Pediatric Dentistry, Fear and anxiety associated with dental treatment are a well recognized factor which has a negative impact on the child’s willingness towards dental treatment. The role of a dentist in managing a child is to treat the problem with which the child report with anxiety and to modify and shape the behavior of a child towards a positive dental response.
Aim: This review article aims to discuss the development of dental anxiety, various coping strategies and whether the newer psychological approach of McGurk Effect in Attention Focused Coping Strategy can be acceptable at the reduction of dental anxiety in children in near future.
Methods: An electronic search was performed using databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, Science Direct, and Scopus by using keywords such as (“McGurk Effect”) AND(“Coping Strategy” OR “Coping Style” OR “Distraction”) AND (“Fear” OR “Anxiety”) AND (“Behavior” OR “Behavior management”) AND/OR (“Pediatric Dentistry” OR “dentistry”). The last search was performed in March 2020. Exclusion criteria included studies published in a language other than English and abstracts from congress.
Results: The McGurk Effect based Attention focused coping style with incongruent audiovisual stimuli can be an innovative behavioral technique in pediatric dentistry in reducing the child’s anxiety regarding dental drill.
Conclusion: It seems that the highly structured McGurk Effect based Attention focused coping style can be effective in managing the internal perceptions and emotions (e.g., anxiety, fear) that are aroused during the dental restorative procedure and can guide favorably the child’s behavior in the dental setting However, more evidence is required regarding the clinical outcome of applying this new coping strategy in behavioral pedodontics in near future

The Effect Of Social Media Exposure On Depression And Anxiety Disorders In Facing Covid-19 Pandemic

Aris Widiyanto; Asruria Sani Fajriah; Joko Tri Atmojo; Rina Tri Handayani; Lidia Ekiq Kurniavie

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4635-4643

Background: WHO has designated Covid-19 as a pandemic, this has an effect on mental health when people are stuck at home and it is unknown when the social distancing rule ends. This affects the quality of student learning faced with stressors in dealing with lecture material and exposure to Covid-19 information from social media. This study aims to predict the effect of social media exposure on depression and anxiety disorders in health students in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Methode: This research is a cross sectional study with a sample of students majoring in health in Indonesia in May 2020. Data were collected using a questionnaire through an online survey. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression with Stata 13.
Result: Results from the study found that there was a significant effect of social media exposure on depression (OR=1.64; CI 95%=1.05 hingga 2.57; p=0.031) and anxiety disorders (OR=1.64; CI 95%=1.18 to 3.40; p=0.008) in dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic.
Conclusion: Exposure to social media during this pandemic can increase the risk of depression and anxiety disorders in college students. So, it is expected that students also need to know the steps to protect themselves from excessive stress and panic in the midst of the Covid-19 outbreak.

A study on Videogame addiction among professional college students in Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu.

Saravanan T; V.M.Anantha Eashwar; Ruma Dutta; Timsi Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3392-3403

Introduction: Most published studies covering Gaming Disorder (GD) were conducted in western settings covering school students hence there is a dearth of research illustrating the extent, pattern and the dangers associated with GD in Indian college students and especially within Tamil Nadu.The present study was therefore designed to analyse the level and patterns of gaming activity in a group of college students in Tamil Nadu and exploring its direct and indirect relationships with socio-demographic characteristics and psychological effects it can have on the individuals.
Methodology: The descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 257 students of a private medical college. The prevalence of GD and its psychological effects were assessed by GAS developed by Lemmens et al and DASS-21 respectively. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to determine the socio-demographic profile and gaming activity of the participants. The online questionnaire was prepared using google forms and data analysis was carried out using Microsoft Excel and SPSS version 22. Results: Among the 257 participants 195 (75.9 %) were gamers and 18 (7 %) of them were classified as ‘addicted’. According to DASS-21 the ‘addiction’ to videogames had a significant association with depression, anxiety and stress and they also faced some economic burden and physical pain due to their gaming habits. Conclusion: GD is an emerging condition that among college students in India and it is imperative to raise awareness among college students, teachers and parents about the dangers caused by excessive gaming and the several risk factors involved with GD. The observations further reinforce the need to improve programs to combat behavioural addiction.

Study of Adolescent Stage and Its Impacts on Adolescents

Shelly Agarwal; Ruchi Srivastava; Manisha Jindal; Pooja Rastogi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1369-1375

Youngsters in their teens represent the world's largest age demographic, in a special period known worldwide as the bridge between childhood and maturity in the life cycle. Longitudinal surveys and accurate assessments of teenage activity in both developed and emerging countries are providing new perspectives. Throughout adolescence, physical and psychosocial shifts cause incarnate challenges of centuries and early childhood to appear in human differences in areas such as maturity, academic achievement, self-confidence, peer pressure, and family proximity. The wellbeing and well-being threats to parents are therefore foreseen. Multi-disciplinary methodologies, in particular biological-social science, socio-economic and cultural variability and determinants of positive results needed to raise understanding at that stage. Depression, anxiety, and eating disorders are especially common during the days of the puberty. Adolescents with anxiety or mood disorders may suffer from physical symptoms such as exhaustion or chronic fatigue, dizziness, headache and pain in the abdomen or arms. The five main features of puberty are biological growth and development, an unclear status, increased decision-making, increased anxiety, and self-search. Adolescence is a lifetime with specific needs and rights relating to health and development. It is also a time to develop awareness and skills, learn to control feelings and relationships, and gain qualities and skills that would be necessary for teenage years to be experienced and adult positions to take on.

An Assessment Of Depression, Anxiety And Stress Among Collegiate Athletes

Mr. Sunil Kumar; Mr. Mahendra Singh Parmar; Mr Ashutosh Sharma; Mr. Malkhan Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6396-6399

In this investigation university competitors, who used to participate in between school matches and competitions was chosen as subjects to survey the downturn, tension and stress. the specialist chose thirty (30) players of Lakshmibai public organization of physical training, Gwalior (M.P.). The age gathering of the subjects was run from (20-25) a long time. To quantify despondency, nervousness and worry among university competitors, a poll Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 42 (DASS 42) created by Lovibond and Lovibond (1995) was utilized to assess the downturn, tension and worry of the subjects. The information was gathered from the school players who used to partake in between school matches and competitions. the current examination, uncovers that Anxiety, gloom and stress were unprecedented among university competitors where sorrow has the least mean score (M= 7.60) with standard deviation (SD= 4.13) and nervousness has the most noteworthy mean score (M=9.13) with standard deviation (SD= 5.31) while mean score of pressure was (M=8.66) with standard deviation ( SD= 4.67). the examination additionally shows that the seriousness of gloom, and stress were ordinary in university competitors and the seriousness of tension was gentle in university competitors..

Exploring TheJewish Dread And AnxietyIn J A Novel By Howard Jacobson

Smita Devi; Dr.Ajoy Batta; Dr. Manish Gupta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6418-6422

Jews are often brutallyvictimised and rejected from the society. This begins from the medieval era and continues till present era. Jews are also alleged for the blood-libel and also considered as the soul responsible for the death of Jesus Christ. Jews are being persecuted, tortured, interrogated with prejudice and also murdered. Such situation creates barriers for Jews to assimilate and acculturate with the other people of the society. Even, writers have penned down the history and tragedy of Jews to make society aware of their ongoing conditions as well as to prevent the dreadful antisemiticactions like the Holocaust. As tragedy and repressed memory of Jewish past create a sense of dreadfulness and anxiety in their inner minds. Therefore, they intentionally isolate themselves from the mainstream of the society. Nevertheless, alienation of Jews often brings psychological ailment like neurosis, psychosis, paranoia or other anxiety disorder. So, one needs to understand the tragic conditions of the victims considering the humanitarian ground. The understanding may help in preventing the re-occurrence of tragic past like the Holocaust which is still fuming. It haunts them and terrifies them with the futuristic consequences. Therefore, this paper is an attempt to project the fear and anxiety ofKevernand Ailinn in the J a Novel by Jacobson along with the impact of tragic past memories. This paper argues Kevern’s inner dread of reoccurrence of catastrophic event like “What Happened if It Happened”. It also tries to uncover the reason behind Kevern’sgruesome act of self-killing.

Effects of Psychological Distress on Hypertension among Liquefaction Refugees in Petobo Shelter

Herawanto .; Vidyana Aulia Rahma; Muh. Jusman Rau; Sendhy Krisnasari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 89-96

The purpose of this research is to know the psychological disorder in the incidence of hypertension among liquefaction refugees in Petobo Shelter. A cross-sectional design was performed. The total number of patients who visit the health post at a Petobo shelter is 3,079 people taken in accidental sampling. The analysis uses the univariate and bivariate analyses at a degree of confidence of 95% (α = 0.05). The chi-square test results show that anxiety (ρ = 0,031), depression (ρ = 0,008), and stress (ρ = 0,000) are associated with the incidence of hypertension. It is expected that hypertension sufferers should do breathing exercises, perform physical activity and meditation relaxation to avoid anxiety, negative thoughts, also avoiding depression, stress and do interact with someone else so that the mind is not saturated and easy to forget the negative thoughts.

The Effect of Social Media Exposure on Depression and Anxiety Disorders in Facing Covid-19 Pandemic

Aris Widiyanto; Asruria Sani Fajriah; Joko Tri Atmojo; Rina Tri Handayani; Lidia Ekiq Kurniavie

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 942-950

Background: WHO has designated Covid-19 as a pandemic, this has an effect on mental health when people are stuck at home and it is unknown when the social distancing rule ends. This affects the quality of student learning faced with stressors in dealing with lecture material and exposure to Covid-19 information from social media. This study aims to predict the effect of social media exposure on depression and anxiety disorders in health students in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic. Methode: This research is a cross sectional study with a sample of students majoring in health in Indonesia in May 2020. Data were collected using a questionnaire through an online survey. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression with Stata 13. Result: Results from the study found that there was a significant effect of social media exposure on depression (OR=1.64; CI 95%=1.05 hingga 2.57; p=0.031) and anxiety disorders (OR=1.64; CI 95%=1.18 to 3.40; p=0.008) in dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic. Conclusion: Exposure to social media during this pandemic can increase the risk of depression and anxiety disorders in college students. So, it is expected that students also need to know the steps to protect themselves from excessive stress and panic in the midst of the Covid-19 outbreak.

A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY OF DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, STRESS AND RESILIENCE AMONG THE PRIMARY CAREGIVERS OF PERSONS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA FROM TERTIARY CARE RURAL HOSPITAL IN CENTRAL INDIA

Rashmi Shukla; Dr. Ajinkya Ghogare; Dr. Pradeep Patil

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2113-2121

Background: Schizophrenia is characterized by disordered thoughts, emotions, perceptions, language, sense of self and behavior. Primary caregivers of individuals with Schizophrenia encounter comprehensive care giving challenges that causes physical as well as mental stress and can deteriorate the family functioning. However, if primary caregivers are resilient enough with strong and positive mindset, they can overcome burden associated with patient care and preserve own health and health of family as well.
Aim: To assess the relationship between depression, anxiety, stress and resilience perceived by primary caregivers of persons with Schizophrenia 
Materials and Methods: Primary caregivers of person diagnosed with Schizophrenia disease reporting to OPD and IPD of Department of Psychiatry of Medical College as per DSM-5 diagnostic criteria will be assessed for depression, anxiety, stress and resilience after taking informed consent for the study by applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Then psychological scales will be applied on these primary caregivers. The Depression Anxiety and Stress (DASS-21) and Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) scales will be applied and accordingly the points will be given.
Conclusion: We expect to find significant relationship between depression, anxiety, stress and resilience perceived by caregivers of persons with Schizophrenia.

Mental Health Issues and Consideration in Post Covid-19 era

M.Yousuf Adam; Dr.Muhammad Amin Wani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6330-6336

Background: Corona virus disease (Covid-19) entered at the end of last year in China, and slowly occupied rest of world. In India, Government declared complete Lockdown in second half of March, soon after three or four months later country slowly lifted Lockdown. But, covid-19 pandemic is still there. Along with biological complication due to covid-19, we suffered with lots of mental health issues due to psychological and economical aspects.
Objective: Aim of this study is to assess mental health status irrespective of gender, age group, location, stress, chronic disease and covid-19 infection. Also, to investigate mean difference between various demographic variables in order to examine most vulnerable people towards mental health illness.
Material and method: Due to covid-19 and social distancing, the researchers were carried this study using demographic variables and the mental health inventory (MHI-38) in internet and social media platform from September 13 to September 23, 2020. The data collected were more than hundred, but the researchers took only hundred respondents to analyse data statistically and the results were interpreted.
Conclusion: The result revealed that mean difference of mental health in relation to gender, age group, and stress were statistically significant and their corresponding p-value were 0.0447, 0.0048 and 0.0001 respectively. Mental health status increases with increase income, and there were no statistical significant in respective to covid-19 testing, location, or chronic disease. The researchers have concluded this study with mental health consideration from latest reviewed paper and mentioned possible strategies to control mental health problem.

NOMOPHOBIA AND ITS IMPACT ON HEALTH AND MIND - A STRUCTURED REVIEW

Aarthi. K; Dr.Lavanya Prathap; Jothi Priya. A; Dr. Preetha. S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 334-341

Introduction: The term used to describe a growing fear in today‟s world is Nomophobia, a portmanteau for “ no mobile phone phobia”,refers to the discomfort or anxiety caused to a person by the non- availability of a phone. Nomophobia arises from a feeling of not being able to make and receive phone calls, send or receive text messages, losing internet connectivity and access to social networking sites and being able to access information online .The aim of the review is to explore Nomophobia and its impact on health ocomplications.
Materials and methods: The articles were collected from PubMed Database and the selection criteria for screening the literature were population with Nomophobia age group between 17 - 25. The search keywords included were nomophobia, cell phone addiction, health implication, anxiety, no mobile phone phobia. The study was conducted in the year 2020. The study group consisted of a population with Nomophobia between the age group 17-25.
Result and Conclusion: This review is done to understand the clinical symptoms, complications and various preventive measures taken against nomophobia and from the obtained results after screening relevant articles based on selection criteria it can be concluded that the addiction towards cell phones and social media might lead to depression , loss of memory and anxiety.

A SURVEY ON THE EMOTIONAL AND ANXIETY LEVELS DURING POST VACATION PERIOD AMONG HOME SICKNESS INDUCED COLLEGE STUDENTS

Deepika. R; G. Sridevi; A.K. Anjali

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 501-517

Homesickness is the mental and physical distress caused by the anticipated separation of students from their families. This homesickness may lead to depression, stress, and other psychological problems. The objective of this study is to observe the post-vacation mental state of the students who have been suffering from homesickness in the hostel. In this study, a standardized tool that measures the level of anxiety of the students was used. A questionnaire DASS-21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale), containing 21 questions was used which was circulated among 100 -1st-year dental students of Saveetha Dental College who were affected by homesickness. Data collection was done through the administration of Google forms and the data were analyzed in SPSS version-15 using cumulative frequency and percentage analysis. The results of the study showed that the post-vacation period had considerable changes in the student population. The students developed a feeling of positivity, had good energy levels and they were not stressed and anxious and felt enthusiastic during the post-vacation period. Thus the present study concludes that physical and mental stress disorders can only be reduced by spending time with family and home place.

PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF STRESS AND DEPRESSION IN ADULTS WITH DIABETES - A SURVEY

Preety Rajesh; Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj; Manjari Chaudhary

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 799-809

Depression occurrence is found to be three times higher in people with diabetes mellitus. Sometimes the majority of the cases with depression are under diagnosed. According to the International diabetes federation, diabetes is the largest global health emergency of the 21st century. A questionnaire was created with a set of ten questions related to diabetic patients and depression. 100 random participants of the age 25- 50 years took the survey and a random sampling method was done. More than half the participants are well aware that depression is common in adults with diabetes (57.5%). 71.3% think that diabetic patients are more anxious than a normal person, 54.5% are aware that using antidepressants in diabetic adults can be risky, 51% think that diabetes can be under diagnosed during treatment and 70% are aware that glucose metabolism will be altered if the doabetic patient is under depression or stress. Awareness about diabetic patients who could possibly be dealing with stress and depression was created.