Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Dental


Reshmi B; Dhanraj Ganapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 449-459

The outbreak of COVID-19 has become a severe global acute respiratory pandemic around the world in just a few months with an increasing number of infections and deaths. COVID-19 is a highly contagious and fatal disease. Almost everyone in the population is susceptible. The clinical symptoms of the COVID-19 are fever, dry cough and fatigue. Some patients are accompanied by symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, myalgia and diarrhea. Severe patients could even develop acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shocks, metabolic acidosis and multifunctional organ failure, etc. Due to the relatively closed environment of dental clinics and the unique nature of dental procedures, both dental personnel and patients are easy to get infection through currently known respiratory droplet transmission, aerosol transmission, close contact transmission and other ways, inducing mutual cross-infection. Dental practitioners are facing unprecedented challenges due to the high risk of exposure to droplets and aerosols from saliva and other body fluids during dental procedures. The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of COVID preventive measures in dental practice during treating asymptomatic COVID carriers.This questionnaire containing 10 questions regarding awareness about the preventive measures were given to 100 students including interns , final year students ,and third year students through google forms and responses were collected and results were tabulated using SPSS software.This question regarding the awareness of Covid 19 ,80% of them agreed that it is caused by virus and 10 % did not agree that it's by virus. 55% of the students agreed that it can be prevented and 45% did not agree to it.So through this survey we conclude that students are more aware and cautious about this global pandemic and they will be more secured and follow all safety protocols to prevent them from any disease and treat patients without any barrier.


Oviya M; Jayanth Kumar V; Dhanraj Ganapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 460-472

The aim of this study is to determine the understanding regarding the relationship between malocclusion and TMJ problems among dental students. The purpose of this study is to create awareness and determine the understanding of the relationship between malocclusion and TMJ problems among dental students. This study was conducted based on a questionnaire which consists of 10 questions through a web-linked application called Survey Monkey. A convenient sample size of 100 consecutive dental students who are currently practicing in Chennai participated in the study. As an overall result, most of the participants are aware of the relationship between malocclusion and TMJ problems. As a conclusion, awareness on the relationship between malocclusion and TMJ problems among dental students in Chennai is adequate but certain knowledge has to be brushed up among them for a higher level. Furthermore, they need to be trained on these grounds to help them treat their patients with more consent and awareness.

Comparative evaluation of awareness of link between oral and systemic health among undergraduate dental and medical students

Dr. Anupama Desai; Dr. Harish Kumar; Dr. Roquaiya Nishat; Dr. Shivanand Aspalli; Dr. Nagappa. G

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 602-609

Background: Oral health maintenance is indispensable for the upkeep of overall health, and a close association has been found between oral diseases and several systemic conditions.
Aims and objectives: To assess the status of awareness of link between oral health and systemic health among undergraduate dental and medical students.
Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was performed using a standardized questionnaire, wherein 20 questions were asked related to oral hygiene care, practice done and association of potential link between oral and various other systemic diseases like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, myocardial infarction, respiratory diseases, osteoporosis. A total of 300 subjects were randomly selected for the study, wherein 150 were third and final year medical students and the other 150 third and final year dental students.
Results: Dental students had more number of mean positive responses and less negative responses in comparison to their medical counterparts, and this difference was found to be statistically significant. Thereby, it is perceptible that dental students had more awareness with respect to the link between oral and systemic health. Moreover, it was also noted from the responses of the first six questions that dental students had better oral health behavior, knowledge and status than the medical students.
Conclusion: Our study shed some light on the lacunae that exists in the inter-field (medical and dental) training from the undergraduate level which can be rectified by modifying the regulations.


Dr. Anand V; Dr.Monisha S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5745-5751

It is important, considering the wide range of orthodontic devices currently available on the market, to select the most biocompatible orthodontic implant available on the market. Current science data have shown that in vitro measurements of the toxicity of residual particles produced by various orthodontic apparatuses with oral cell lines provide accurate data. In this relation, three commercially available implants, i.e., stainless steel and titanium implants have been tested for in vitro biocompatibility. Methods: Human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) have been used as the in vitro model to determine cellular morphology, viability of the cells, and cytotoxicity via a 24-hour and 72-hour test for celular implant exposure with 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-, 2-5,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MT) and LDH test. Results: The results compare implant surface structure and topography with biological, laboratory assessments related to the direct cells (genetic fibroblasts) and blood vessel toxicology (HET-CAM) trial. A relative cytototoxicity of HGF cells occurs for the stainless steel implant, while the other two tests did not produce substantial alteration in HGF cells. Conclusion: The stainless steel implant caused mild cytotoxic effects among the three orthodontic implants samples. This calls for improved alertness in their clinic usage, especially in patients with a strong sensitivity to nicke 1,2.


Umayal. S; Pradeep Kumar; R Smiline Girija. A.S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1827-1833

Dental fluorosis is a sign of prolonged high fluoride exposure. The aim of the study is to assess the severity of dental fluorosis among the patients visiting a Dental College in Chennai, Tamilnadu. A retrospective institution based study was conducted by evaluating and analysing 291 patient case records visiting a dental hospital from December(2019) to March(2020) who had signs of dental fluorosis. Data such as age, gender, type of dental fluorosis were documented from the online database of saveetha dental college - DIAS Dental Information Archiving Software. Ethical approval was obtained by the institutional ethical board at Saveetha University. The data was examined by two examiners. The data collected was reviewed and subjected to statistical analysis using IBM SPSS software version 20.0. The present study shows Females and middle aged patients with dental fluorosis visit dental hospitals more frequently.