Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Pain management


Importance and Impact of Pain Management in Nursing

Shilpy Mittal; Neha Bavari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1101-1111

Inadequacy of pain knowledge is a common obstacle to successful pain control. Programmes for managing the pain is an important step towards increasing the knowledge about the pain. This paper discusses about importance of pain management wherein, a survey was conducted by to access the interest and attitude of medical caretakers towards pain management. Five groups were made each group comprising 20 nurses each. There were two experimental groups and 2 control groups. Pre and post tests were conducted and compared which provided best results towards pain management. One group was allowed to give pre-test before attending the training session and another group was allowed to give only post-test that was conducted only after competition of training session. Also training were provided wherein training sessions were divided according to modules and time duration was set for each module. The result showed that there was not much difference in knowledge of the nurses towards managing pain however, nurses with pre-test performed well than post-test nurses.

Effect of ketamine as an adjunct to opioid for pain control in traumatic patients

Mehdi Arzani Shamsabadi; Mohammad Darvishi; Masoud Shahabian; Seyed Zia Hejripour

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 4438-4443

Background: Pain management results in better outcomes in traumatic patients in the emergency ward. Use of non-opioids facilitates the elimination of the adverse effects of opioid. Regarding this, the present study was conducted to examine the effect of ketamine as an adjunct to opioids for pain control in traumatic patients in a tertiary healthcare center in Tehran, Iran. Methods and materials: This double-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 160 traumatic patients admitted to the Emergency Department of Besat Hospital, Tehran, Iran, in 2018. The study population was randomly assigned into two groups of intervention and placebo. The intervention group one of which received 0.05 mg/kg opioid (i.e., morphine) plus 0.1 mg/kg ketamine, and placebo group the other one was provided with the same amount of morphine opioid plus placebo. The pain was recorded up to 120 min and compared between the groups. Results: Based on the obtained results, 23 (28.8%) and 16 (20%) patients in the ketamine intervention and control placebo groups had side effects, respectively, showing no significant difference (P=0.197). In addition, the pain significantly reduced in both groups (P=0.001). However, the results of repeated measures ANOVA revealed no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of pain reduction trend (P=0.275). Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be concluded that ketamine has no superior effect when administered as an adjunct to opioid for pain control in traumatic patients.

AWARENESS ON ROLE OF LASERS IN COSMETIC DENTISTRY AMONG DENTAL UNDERGRADUATES

HemanthRagav N V; KeerthiSasanka. L; Archana Santhanam; Subabratamaiti .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1622-1634

The aim of the study was to evaluate the awareness on the role of Lasers in dentistry among dental undergraduates. LASER- Light Amplification By Stimulated Emission of Radiation. After successful usage of lasers in the medicinal field, it is possible for laser application in dentistry. Lasers play a major role in apicectomy, surgeries, operative dentistry, etc,. Lasers are utilized in all controls of dentistry and the administration of lasers is to delicate hard tissue in regular procedure as an essential instrument. The present study is a cross sectional survey conducted among 100 dental students to analyse their efficacy of online teaching. A self administered questionnaire was prepared with 15 questions and was circulated among dental students through google forms. Survey conducted and 1st year undergraduate students are more aware of laser technologies in dentistry when compared to others. 57% of students reported that they are aware that use of laser technology will reduce the use of anaesthesia. 60% of students reported that they need theoretical and practical laser education. 57% of students reported that they are aware about the role of lasers in pain management. This study concludes that most of the participants have knowledge and awareness of lasers in dentistry.