Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Cognition


Association of caregiver burden with cognition in persons suffering from Schizophrenia

Dr. SVR Naga Pavan Kumar Kampalli, Dr. Prasanna Kumar Neredumilli, Dr. Phaniram Vavila

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 39-45

Introduction: Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric illness which ahas enormous impact on the persons suffering from the illness as well as the persons taking care of them. Cognitive deficits are common in the persons suffering from Schizophrenia, which further lead to impairment in the daily living of the individual. Caregiving of persons with Schizophrenia places a significant burden on the caretakers and this study tries to study the association between the caregiver burden and the cognitive deficits in persons suffering from Schizophrenia.
Aims:
1)      To measure the cognitive deficits in persons suffering from Schizophrenia.
2)      To find the caregiver burden in the caregivers of persons suffering from Schizophrenia.
3)      To find the relationship between the caregiver burden with cognition of persons suffering from Schizophrenia.
Materials and Methods: This is an cross-sectional study and the study sample consisted of 60 persons suffering from Schizophrenia and their respective caregivers attending the Government Hospital for Mental Care, Visakhapatnam. Persons suffering from Schizophrenia’ cognitive status was assessed using the Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI). Caregivers’ sociodemographic data was taken and the caregivers’ burden was assessed using the Burden Assessment Schedule (BAS). Statistical analysis of the data was carried out using SPSS software version 23.
Results: The mean Global Cognitive assessment score was 2.73 with a S.D. of 0.74. The mean score of caregiver burden according to the BAS was 76.9 with a S.D. of 6.7. There was a statistically significant correlation between the global cognitive score and the caregiver burden (r=0.783, p<0.01).
Conclusions: This study concludes that there is cognitive impairment seen in persons suffering from Schizophrenia. Caregivers of persons suffering from Schizophrenia have significant burden. There is a significant correlation between the cognitive impairment and the caregiver burden.

Psychology in an Artificial intelligence stance

Anu Abraham

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3518-3525

This review discusses a role for psychology in the development in the sector of artificial intelligence. Cognitive science bestows the scientific basis for advancement in the realm of artificial intelligence. Gleaning a high tech machine that can think ,learn, reason, experience and can function autarchic bereft of supervision is one of the pivotal grails in all of computer science. Studies posit that higher education in psychology can smooth the path for reasoning about general issues. With a prodigiously autarchic, learning ,reasoning,artificially  intelligent system comes with a need to possess hardware and software that transcribes processes and subsystems  that subsist within a human brain including intuitive and emotional concepts. The idea of interweaving these two immense realms: the complexities of psychology and vitality of artificial intelligence has gained escalation in recent times. This review focuses on how computer implementation and psychological tools bring enhancement in the field of artificial intelligence.

Neurophysiological Assessment And Cognition In Adult Females With Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Dr. Umme Kulsoom Sheema; Dr. Alka Rawekar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1923-1925

Abstract: Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most prevalent form of anemia
especially in developing countries. Females of child bearing age are vulnerable for developing
IDA due to menstrual blood loss, dietary deficiency, pregnancy and lactation. IDA is
diagnosed by low blood hemoglobin and serum ferritin levels which correlates with body iron
stores. Of the various biological effects of iron, there are many evidences that iron effects
normal neurological functioning and development. This forms the biological basis for the
behavioral and cognitive developmental delays observed in iron-deficient anemic infants and
children. Reduced levels of blood hemoglobin and serum ferritin has been positively correlated
with low cognitive score and altered evoked potentials in females with IDA. Lack of research
studies to know the effect of IDA on neurophysiological parameters like cognitive
performance, event related potential and brainstem auditory response are little explored in
Indian adult females.
Methods: Cognitive status is assessed using Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale
which is validated testing scale for diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment and
neurophysiological assessment is done using auditory Event Related Potential (ERP / P300)
and Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (BERA). MoCA score, ERP and BERA values
will be compared in females with iron deficiency anemia and normal females and also
associated with blood hemoglobin and serum ferritin levels. IDA may impair Cognitive
performance and hearing in adult females which may have tremendous impact on
understanding of speech and problem solving in them.
Hence, the aim of the study is to confirm a relationship between IDA and neuro-cognitive
features using cognitive scale and evoked potentials in adult females.