Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : hemoglobin level


A study on analysing the outcomes of maternal nutrition on infant's birth weight

Dr Ranjana Bhardwaj, Dr Vijay Bhardwaj, Dr. Meeta Agnihotri, Dr. S.K. Pathak

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 10293-10298

Background:Health & nutritional status of mother during & before pregnancy is
considered to be strongly associated with pregnancy outcomes. Poor nutritional status
& inadequate intake of food in pregnancy not only affect women’s health but also effect
birth weight & development of infant. The present study was conducting to analyse the
outcomes of maternal nutrition on infant's birth weight.
Material and methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 350
pregnant women. Socio-demographic characteristics and obstetrics information of the
pregnant women were collected using pretested questionnaires. Anthropometric
measurements were carried out using appropriate measuring instruments. All statistical
analyses were performed using SPSS version 20. Multiple linear regressions analysis
was also performed to explore independent effects of maternal factors. A p value< 0.05
was considered to be significant.
Results: In this study, the mean weight and height of pregnant women were 63.25kg and
156.32cm, respectively. Overall, the mean pre-pregnancy BMI of the study participants
was 24.43kg/m2. The study also revealed that the mean weight gain of the mothers was
9.45kg, within the weight gain range of 4–16kg. The mean maternal hemoglobin level
was 11.76g/dL. Moreover, the mean total serum cholesterol level of the mothers was
187.32mg/dL. Maternal blood sample analysis also revealed that the mean total serum
protein level was 5.70g/dL, with 81.42% and 18.58% of women having total protein
level less than 6.7 g/dL and between 6.7 and 8.7 g/dL, respectively. In multivariate
linear regression analysis, birth weight was significantly associated with parity,
maternal BMI, weight gain during pregnancy, hemoglobin level.
Conclusion: The present study concluded that birth weight was significantly associated
with parity, maternal BMI, weight gain during pregnancy, hemoglobin level. Therefore,
nutritional status of the pregnant women should be improved to reduce the risk of low
birth weight.

Characteristics of Asymptomatic Malaria in Eastern Indonesia: A Cross-sectional Study

Rachmatria Luthfiani Khaerunnissya; Nisa Fauziah; Hesti Lina Wiraswati; Jontari Hutagalung

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2405-2414

Background: Asymptomatic malaria predominates in the malaria-endemic region. Asymptomatic malaria is defined as an individual with confirmed-malaria test yet has no fever at the time of sample collection. Despite the absence of fever, other malaria-related symptoms can be present in an asymptomatic individual. The absence of fever leads to a low proportion of asymptomatic malaria case findings. Unfound and untreated asymptomatic malaria may lead to a decrease of hemoglobin level that progresses to anemia. It is necessary to find out those symptoms since it may aid asymptomatic malaria finding. This study was conducted to identify malaria-related symptoms other than fever and its potential contributing factors, as well as hemoglobin level in asymptomatic malaria subjects in eastern Indonesia.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using secondary random sampling data from the previous study in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Descriptive statistics, bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out to analyze the data.
Results: 178 asymptomatic malaria data were included in the study. The most frequent symptoms were headache (18.8%), chills, and myalgia (12.4%). P. vivax was the most prevalent etiologic agent (52.5%). The risk of developing any symptom increased in P. vivax infection (OR =1.16, 95% CI=0.38-3.50), in the presence of anemia (OR=1.30, 95% CI=0.58-2.73), and in the presence of breeding sites (OR=1.04, 95% CI=0.40-2.66). Conclusion: malaria-related symptoms other than fever were found in asymptomatic malaria thus it may help the case finding and management as well as aid the malaria elimination program be easier to reach.