Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : periodontal diseases


Oksana Kononova, Anatoliy Borysenko

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3353-3361

Introduction. The severity and nature of periodontal disease depend on a number of factors. An
important place is occupied by the general condition of the body, the presence of systemic
diseases, environmental influences, and chronic stress and so on. A number of clinical studies
have examined the possible relationship between psychological stress and periodontal disease.
Objectives. To determine the influence of psychosomatic state on periodontal tissues of the
examined residents.
Material and methods. To conduct the study, a questionnaire of 350 residents of Kyiv and several
other cities of Ukraine was conducted. Diagnosis of anxiety self-assessment was performed by
determining the Spielberger-Khanin test of reactive and personal anxiety and DASS-21. The
subjects examined the oral cavity and assessed the condition of the periodontium.
Results. A higher level of systemic diseases was found in residents with insufficient living
conditions. It also affected the higher level of personal anxiety of residents. High levels of
personal anxiety affect the prevalence and structure of periodontal disease. Thus, the study of the
impact of psychoemotional stress on the course of periodontal disease and further development of
appropriate schemes of rational treatment of periodontal disease (periodontitis) in people with
psychoemotional stress.
Conclusions. Analysis of the levels of reactive anxiety in the subjects depending on the presence
and type of periodontal diseases showed that the subjects with the presence of chronic gingivitis,
the level of reactive anxiety was quite moderate. A slightly higher level of reactive anxiety was
found in patients with periodontitis. The level of personal anxiety is higher if the subjects have

The effects of aloe vera on periodontal health

Franco Rocco; Basilicata Michele; Terenzi Andrea; Vergou Nadia; Bollero Patrizio

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2865-2870

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that leads to the destruction of the bone support of the tooth. Its clinical manifestation varies from a simple gingivitis to a periodontitis. The main cause of this pathology is plaque buildup. Various chemical compounds have been introduced with antibacterial and anti-plaque properties. The main one is chlorhexidine gluconate. With the increased use of natural derivative compounds, interest in aloe vera (AV) has increased. AV has various effects on the human being, among which it promotes wound healing, has an anti-inflammatory effect, has an antibacterial and antiviral effect. Therefore the purpose of this review is to evaluate the antibacterial power of an aloe vera based mouthwash formulation. Several articles were considered through a systematic review of the different search engines. Three articles were examined which compared the effectiveness of an aloe vera-based mouthwash with a chlorhexidine-based mouthwash. Experiments on humans have been considered. The 3 papers showed a completely similar efficacy of chlorhexidine compared to aloe vera. In fact, studies have shown that this natural product has the same anti-plaque beneficial effects as chlorhexidine. It does not have the side effects of chlorhexidine. further clinical trials will be needed to assess whether long-term side effects of aloe vera are actually present. The studies analyzed have a short follow-up, so some long-term effects could not be assessed.